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Overview on Coccidiosis
in
Poultry caused by Eimeria tenella
Sumitted By:
Roll: 117474
Reg. No : 1101467474

 Eimeria belongs to the order Eucoccidiosis is
the parasites of various vertebrates &
invertebrates.
 They are intracellular parasites of epithelial
lining of host’s alinmentary canal.
 Among several species of Eimeria E.tenella is
discussed here as representative speciese which
causes severe damage to poultry.
Causative Agent: Eimeria tenella
Phylum- Apicomplexa
Class- Conoidasida
Order- Eucoccidioria
Family- Eimeridae
Genus- Eimeria
Species- E. tenella
(Ref:Schneider, 1875)
Systematic Position

 Host: Chickens.
 Habitat: Caeca of Chickens.
 Distribution: Worldwide.

(1) (2) (3)
Fig: Different morphological stages of E. tenella
Fig.1: Oocyst Fig.2: Sporozoite Fig.3: Merozoites
Morphology of E. tenella

Life Cycle
Life Cycle
Asexual Sexual
1st gen 2nd gen Gametogony
Schizogony Schizogony
Infection by sporocytes Trophozoit Fertilization
Sporozoite Schizont Oocyst
Trophozoite (invasion of Merozoites sporogony
new host cell)
Schizont Transference of oocyte
Merozoites Liberation of sporozoites

E. Tenella Causes coccidiosis to chicken.
Symptoms of the disease include-
 Bloody droppings, pale face & shanks.
 Bloody vent & enlarged caeca distended with
blood or yellowish-grey cheese-like ceres.
In advanced stages the infected birds show
restlessness, drooping wings, shuffled feathers
& unsteady gait.
Pathogenesis

 Inflamatory cells influxes into the submucosa.
 Thickened mucosal & submucosal layer with
slightly congestion of blood vessels.
 Necrotized epithelial cells denuded from the
mucosal layer.
 Several hemorrhage in the lamina propia.
Histopathological
Effects

Infection of chickens may be prevented through-
 Proper hygienic conditions.
 Floors of the poultry houses and yards must
be cleaned regularly.
 All equipments used for the purpose of birds
rearing should also be cleaned.
 Hot Lye solution can be used for cleaning.
Prevention


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A presentation on eimeria

  • 1. Overview on Coccidiosis in Poultry caused by Eimeria tenella Sumitted By: Roll: 117474 Reg. No : 1101467474
  • 2.   Eimeria belongs to the order Eucoccidiosis is the parasites of various vertebrates & invertebrates.  They are intracellular parasites of epithelial lining of host’s alinmentary canal.  Among several species of Eimeria E.tenella is discussed here as representative speciese which causes severe damage to poultry. Causative Agent: Eimeria tenella
  • 3. Phylum- Apicomplexa Class- Conoidasida Order- Eucoccidioria Family- Eimeridae Genus- Eimeria Species- E. tenella (Ref:Schneider, 1875) Systematic Position
  • 4.   Host: Chickens.  Habitat: Caeca of Chickens.  Distribution: Worldwide.
  • 5.  (1) (2) (3) Fig: Different morphological stages of E. tenella Fig.1: Oocyst Fig.2: Sporozoite Fig.3: Merozoites Morphology of E. tenella
  • 6.  Life Cycle Life Cycle Asexual Sexual 1st gen 2nd gen Gametogony Schizogony Schizogony Infection by sporocytes Trophozoit Fertilization Sporozoite Schizont Oocyst Trophozoite (invasion of Merozoites sporogony new host cell) Schizont Transference of oocyte Merozoites Liberation of sporozoites
  • 7.  E. Tenella Causes coccidiosis to chicken. Symptoms of the disease include-  Bloody droppings, pale face & shanks.  Bloody vent & enlarged caeca distended with blood or yellowish-grey cheese-like ceres. In advanced stages the infected birds show restlessness, drooping wings, shuffled feathers & unsteady gait. Pathogenesis
  • 8.   Inflamatory cells influxes into the submucosa.  Thickened mucosal & submucosal layer with slightly congestion of blood vessels.  Necrotized epithelial cells denuded from the mucosal layer.  Several hemorrhage in the lamina propia. Histopathological Effects
  • 9.  Infection of chickens may be prevented through-  Proper hygienic conditions.  Floors of the poultry houses and yards must be cleaned regularly.  All equipments used for the purpose of birds rearing should also be cleaned.  Hot Lye solution can be used for cleaning. Prevention
  • 10.