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Geography sba
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Geography sba

  1. 1. Geography SBA GENERAL TOPIC: FARMING SPECIFIC TOPIC: “What are the factors affecting banana production in Richmond, St. Vincent?” 1
  2. 2. AIM: To investigate the factors affecting banana production at Richmond, St. Vincent and to formulate possible solutions to alleviate the situation. 2
  3. 3. INSTRUMENT Cover Letter Sharpes Village, Chateaubelair P.O. St. Vincent W.I . 02, October 2014. . Dear Sir/Madame, My name is Valdes Pierre of the St. Vincent Grammar School and I am conducting a questionnaire as a part of my field study for my Geography SBA on the topic What are the factors affecting banana production in Richmond, St. Vincent? The SBA is needed to gain marks for my CXC/CSEC examination. I would like if you really support me by filling out the questionnaire. Your names will not be given due to privacy concerns. Your gratitude and support will be very much appreciated. Yours Faithfully, Leroy walker. QUESTIONNAIRE Research Question: “What are the factors affecting bananas farmers in Richmond, St.Vincent?” Instructions: Put a tick () in the box which best represents your response and give opinion if asked to. 3
  4. 4. 1. Sex: Male  Female  2. Age group: 15 – 18years  19 – 22  23 – 26  27 & over  3. Education: Primary  Secondary  other  specify _________________ 4. Do you plant bananas? Yes  No  5. How long have you been planting bananas? 1- 10 years  11 – 20 years  20 – 30 years  30years plus  6. Which of the following types of bananas listed below do you plant? Ice cream  Blue Java  Tissue Culture  Ken pound  Fig  Musa Acuminata  7. Has your bananas been affected by any of the following diseases? Leaf Spots  Moko  Black Sigatoka  other  specify _______ 8. Which of the fore-mentioned diseases would you say is the most dangerous? ________________________ State why __________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 4
  5. 5. 9. What other crop(s) have being affected in recent times by diseases? ___________________________________________________________________ 10. Is your crop being affected by a lack of storage facilities? Yes  No  11. Do you have enough lands for your banana cultivation? Yes  No  12. Is the Government assisting the farmers on controlling the diseases which are affecting your production? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 13. Do you have sufficient finances (money) to take care of your crop annually? Yes  No  14. What you as bananas farmers can do to help in the controlling of the disease that are affecting your production? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 5
  6. 6. 15. Have you as a farmer have all the required equipment to cultivate your crop annually? Yes  No  16. How do you suggest that the Government through its Ministry of Agriculture should address the problems farmers are experiencing in the production of bananas? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ PRESENTATION OF DATA Figure 1 is a pie Chart indicating: How long the surveyed farmer have been planting bananas? 4 3 9 4 How long have you been planting bananas? 1 - 10 years 11 - 20 years 20 - 30 years 30 yearsand over 6
  7. 7. Figure 2: Table of question 6: Showing the types of bananas listed below that the surveyed farmers’ plant? TYPES OF BANANAS NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS Ice Cream Blue java 1 Tissue culture 20 Ken Pound Fig Musa Acuminata William 4 Cavendish 4 Robusta 1 P.s some of the respondents indicated that they have actually planted more than one types. 7
  8. 8. Figure 3 is a Bar Chart of question 7. Indicating: which of the diseases affected the surveyed farmers? f P.s Some of the farmers claimed that they have been affected by more than one of the diseases mentioned above. 8
  9. 9. METHODOLOGY Scheduling for administration of the questionnaire How? For the purposes of collecting the relevant data for this research project, the researcher used printed questionnaires. The farmers who planted bananas at Richmond do not live in one concentrated area or district of the Chateaubelair community; hence the researcher contacted the representative for Fair Trade in the district to provide a list the farmers of bananas at Richmond (see the attached list in the appendix). For this list, the farmers who were to complete the questionnaire were selected randomly. How it would be done? With the list of names collected the researcher placed them in a box, shook it twenty times in order to select the names of twenty farmers. These persons who have been selected were contacted to complete the questionnaire. When? The researcher gave to selected farmers each a questionnaire to be completed on 16th October, 2011 and collected them on 20th October, 2011. All twenty questionnaires were completed. Where? The researcher travelled to the homes of the selected farmers in Chateaubelair and Fitz-Hughes and gave to them each the questionnaire and indicated to them when they were to complete it. 9
  10. 10. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA The analysis of the data collected revealed that of the twenty (20) farmer selected for this research project, thirteen (13) or sixty-five (65%) per cent were males and seven (7) or thirty-five (35%) percent were females. This, therefore, showed that more males than females were engaged in banana production at Richmond, St.Vincent. Further, the age group divulged that all or one hundred (100%) of the farmers were of the age group 27 and over. In addition, eleven (11) or fifty-five (55%) percent only achieved Primary education, seven (7) or thirty-five (35%), secondary and two (2) or ten (10%) percent reached university level. What was significant altogether, was that most of the farmers lack the intelligence necessary to produce quality bananas to meet today’s market standard. It also indicated a lack of continuity as no young people were currently planting any bananas. what is more striking is that these factors were linked directly to question 8, where the researcher asked the farmers,” which of the fore-mentioned diseases would you say is the most dangerous and to state why?” Sixteen (16) or eighty (80%) percent claimed Black Sigatoka, only four (4) or twenty (20%) percent said Moko. This therefore said to me as the researcher that many of the farmers did not have a clue of the dangers associated with each of these diseases. However, of the four (4) farmers who said Moko, two (2) were from those who reached university and they highlighted the dangers of Moko. These included, the destruction of all the affected plants, refraining from planting on that plot of land for a period of eighteen (18) months. This is in addition, to treating every affected plant before it is destroyed, whereas with Black Sigatoka, regular aerial spraying with fungicide and good field husbandry will control the disease. Maybe, the sixteen (16) or eighty (80%) of the farmers who said Black Sigatoka were caught up with the current problem of this disease in St.Vincent and this was what triggered their response to this particular question. When asked if the government were assisting the farmers in controlling the diseases which were affecting their production, the majority gave a resounding yes, but said to certain extent. They qualified ‘to a certain extent ‘to mean that they are not doing the required number of aerial spraying that is required to effectively control the disease. This can be correlated with question14 in which the researcher asked “what they as bananas farmers can do to help in the controlling of the diseases that are affecting their production?” Some gave mixed reactions to this question which was rather interesting. Some said that they cannot do anything, some said the powers were not in their hands, 10
  11. 11. while others said they can practice good field husbandry meaning removing the affected leaves, placing these leaves with the top exposed to sunlight, controlling the moisture content in the field by limiting the amount of the weeds in the field and fertilised regularly. In sumarising this aspect it should be noted that if the farmers were serious about bananas being their livelihood they would go all out to ensure that they do all that were necessary to protect and preserve it. in answering question 13, five (5) or twenty-five (25%) percent of the farmers said that they had sufficient finances to take care of their banana production annually, while fifteen (15) or seventy- five (75%) percent said that they do not have enough. Maybe this can be construe in the context that many of the farmers who said not enough are rather small producers who merely cultivated between one hundred (100) and two (200) hole of bananas at any one time and shipped just under forty (40) boxes. Most of money gained from these shipments is used to finance many of their homes and some goes back into the production. Those who said that they have sufficient were engaged in other means of survival other than bananas. The final question of the instrument was asked to solicit suggestions as to how the government through it Ministry of Agriculture should address the problems farmers are experiencing in the production of bananas. The majority of the farmer responded appropriately to this question. Among the many suggestions the following stands out: effectively control of pests and diseases by spraying with fungicide at the required intervals, reintroducing banana extension officers, help with the transportation of harvested crops, giving more credit to farmers for inputs, pay more attention to the agricultures sector in general especially to bananas and farmers. Be there to assist farmer if and when they needed help. Indeed many of the farmers were very vociferous in many of their responses and felt that the plight they are currently experiencing is not one of their own makings but rather one that is a result of the government lackluster approach to agriculture not just at Richmond but in St.Vincent and the Grenadines in General. Some felt that the government priorities were in the wrong place. They opine that agriculture is the bread basket of the country and bananas certainly need more attention than it is currently getting. 11
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