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Characterization direct and indirect

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Characterization direct and indirect

  1. 1. Characterization
  2. 2. Definitions <ul><li>Characterization is the process by which the author reveals the personality of the characters. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two types of characterization: direct and indirect. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Direct Characterization <ul><li>Direct characterization is when the author TELLS the audience what the personality of the character is. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “The patient boy and quiet girl were both at the game.” </li></ul><ul><li>The author is telling us that the boy is patient and the girl is kind. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Indirect Characterization <ul><li>Indirect characterization is when the author SHOWS things that reveal the personality of the character. </li></ul><ul><li>There are FIVE different methods of indirect characterization: speech, thoughts, effect on other characters, actions, and looks. (STEAL) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Indirect Characterization <ul><li>Speech- What does the character say? How does the character speak? </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “Hey, we can have lots of fun at camp this summer! I love being outside!” </li></ul><ul><li>This shows us the character is upbeat and happy. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Indirect Characterization <ul><li>Thoughts- What is revealed through the character’s thoughts and feelings? </li></ul><ul><li>Example: I wish it would stop raining. I am tired of sitting inside! </li></ul><ul><li>This shows us the character is not happy about the situation. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Indirect Characterization <ul><li>Effect on Others- What is revealed through the character’s effect on other people? How do other characters feel or behave in reaction to the character? </li></ul><ul><li>Example: The boy glared at his sister as she ate his dessert. </li></ul><ul><li>This shows us that the character is upset about his sister’s behavior and inability to think of others. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Indirect Characterization <ul><li>Actions- What does the character do? How does the character behave? </li></ul><ul><li>Example: The girl rode the lawn mower through the house and into the garage. </li></ul><ul><li>This shows us the girl is not concerned with rules or safety. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Indirect Characterization <ul><li>Looks- What does the character look like? How does the character dress? </li></ul><ul><li>Example: The little girl left the game with slumped shoulders and a frown on her face. </li></ul><ul><li>This shows us the little girl is not enjoying herself and is upset. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Difference <ul><li>Remember, the difference between direct characterization and indirect characterization is TELLING v. SHOWING! </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect characterizations are like clues about the characters. There is no mystery with direct characterization because the author tells us the information we need to know! </li></ul>
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