How e-Learning Changed
    My Instruction
BEFORE e-Learning
                       Before Elements of My Unit Instruction

❖   Kindergarten Senses Unit

    ❖   Boo...
BEFORE e-Learning
      Before Elements of My Unit Instruction



• Kindergarten Math Concepts
   • Everyday Math Curricul...
Inadequate Retrieval Cues &
       Surface Visuals



Is That Picture Backwards???



                   Old School Listen...
No Support of Attention or
 Building Procedural Skills



Waterford Computers


                      Class Number Grid
No Explanatory Visuals

            Manipulatives
               That
               DON’T
          Respond or Move??


 ...
Cognitive Overload
What Is e-Learning &
How Has it Changed
  My Instruction
What is e-Learning?
Four valuable
                instructional methods
                 unique to e-learning
"To get a return on investment, ...
How Graphics Promote Learning:
      Application Guidelines Using a SMART
                      Board

                   ...
PLAN GRAPHICS THAT
       AWAKEN PRIOR
        KNOWLEDGE

Use comparative advance organizers when learners
have relevant p...
Plan Graphics That Minimize
       Memory Load
Plan Graphics That Minimize
         Memory Load
1st       2nd         3rd
Graphics that support
      transfer learning

• Realistic Objects
                                 LapTops
• Photographs
...
Accommodate Visual & Verbal
    Learner Differences
Help Learners Build
  Mental Models
• Making lessons
                   EFFICIENT


                               EFFECTI...
Use Non-examples/
 Counterexamples
Leverage Practice
Graphic Design Devices



Leverage Practice
How Can YOU Visualize
  Lesson Content?
START BY USING


          Five Basic Content Types Found
            in Organizational Training

 Procedures             ...
#1 Define Instructional Goals

     These goals will probably be taken
    from your district trifold, guaranteed
    viabl...
PROCEDURES
• USE TRANSFORMATIONAL VISUALS
  TO ILLUSTRATE THE STEPS THE
  LEARNER TAKES TO PERFORM A
  PROCEDURAL TASK.
• ...
How To Visualize
      Procedures
• Provide demonstrations that combine
  transformational and representational
  visuals
...
CONCEPTS


USE VISUALS TO HELP LEARNERS BUILD MENTAL MODELS OF
CONCEPTS THAT WILL ENABLE THEM TO MAKE
DISCRIMINATIONS ON T...
How To Visualize
      Concepts
TWO or MORE Representational Graphic
Examples




       http://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/grade_...
FACTS
USE REPRESENTATIONAL AND
ORGANIZATIONAL VISUALS TO
ILLUSTRATE CONCRETE AND DISCRETE
FACTUAL INFORMATION.

EMPHASIZES...
Use Organizational
            Visuals                         Door
                              Clock
                  ...
PROCESSES

USE TRANSFORMATIONAL VISUALS
THAT INCORPORATE
REPRESENTATIONAL VISUALS FOR
CONCRETE PROCESSES AND
ANALOGICAL VI...
Design transformational visuals that show
     activity flows from the performers'
                  perspective


• Shows ...
PRINCIPLES


VISUALIZE GUIDED-DISCOVERY LESSON
ARCHITECTURES TO SUPPORT PROBLEM-
CENTERED LEARNING AS WELL AS HOW
TO USE I...
Manage Cognitive Load by Using
     Supportive Devices
    *Allows students to move at their own pace.
Manage Cognitive Load by Using
     Supportive Devices
    *Allows students to move at their own pace.
SET GOALS
            PLAN ACTIVITIES




EVALUATE
 RESULTS
SET GOALS
                  PLAN ACTIVITIES


  Originality & Inventiveness

       EVALUATE
        RESULTS
             ...
COMMON MISTAKES TO AVOID
   Using visuals that do not accurately
   reflect the work environment
   Omitting important con...
COMMON MISTAKES TO AVOID

   Failing to teach the process at all or not
   using visuals to illustrate the process
   Fail...
Kristina Quintana
  Final Project
     7-17-09
Kristina's Peer Tutorial
Kristina's Peer Tutorial
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Kristina's Peer Tutorial

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Kristina's peer tutorial for ED 546/ ED 548.

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Kristina's Peer Tutorial

  1. 1. How e-Learning Changed My Instruction
  2. 2. BEFORE e-Learning Before Elements of My Unit Instruction ❖ Kindergarten Senses Unit ❖ Books ❖ Read-Alouds ❖ Pictures ❖ Work Books ❖ Worksheets ❖ Internet Sound Examples ❖ Discovery Works-Curriculum Guide
  3. 3. BEFORE e-Learning Before Elements of My Unit Instruction • Kindergarten Math Concepts • Everyday Math Curriculum Guide • Math Manipulatives (Blocks, Counting Bears) • Poster Boards (Calendar) • Read-Aloud Story Problems • Listening Center
  4. 4. Inadequate Retrieval Cues & Surface Visuals Is That Picture Backwards??? Old School Listening Center. Students have difficulty stopping for discussion or finding their page.
  5. 5. No Support of Attention or Building Procedural Skills Waterford Computers Class Number Grid
  6. 6. No Explanatory Visuals Manipulatives That DON’T Respond or Move?? Am I right?
  7. 7. Cognitive Overload
  8. 8. What Is e-Learning & How Has it Changed My Instruction
  9. 9. What is e-Learning?
  10. 10. Four valuable instructional methods unique to e-learning "To get a return on investment, all training initiatives, including e-learning, must improve job performances that lead to achievement of organizational operational goals.” (Operational goals = bottom line indicators of organizational success.) • Practice with Feedback (automated, tailored) • Social Software & Collaboration - integration of collaboration with self-study • Tailored Instruction (adaptive instruction) - dynamic adjustment of instruction based on learning • Simulations & Games - (not all games are equally effective)
  11. 11. How Graphics Promote Learning: Application Guidelines Using a SMART Board Match visuals to the instructional goals. Avoid unrelated visuals that activate wrong memory. Use visuals for spatial content. Use visuals that show cause and effect relationships. Engage learners with your visuals. http://smarttech.com/
  12. 12. PLAN GRAPHICS THAT AWAKEN PRIOR KNOWLEDGE Use comparative advance organizers when learners have relevant prior knowledge (concrete graphics & visual analogies) Use expository advance organizers when learners lack relevant prior knowledge (visual summaries) Avoid seductive details in lesson introductions
  13. 13. Plan Graphics That Minimize Memory Load
  14. 14. Plan Graphics That Minimize Memory Load 1st 2nd 3rd
  15. 15. Graphics that support transfer learning • Realistic Objects LapTops • Photographs • Virtual Tours Podcasts SMART Boards
  16. 16. Accommodate Visual & Verbal Learner Differences
  17. 17. Help Learners Build Mental Models • Making lessons EFFICIENT EFFECTIVE
  18. 18. Use Non-examples/ Counterexamples
  19. 19. Leverage Practice
  20. 20. Graphic Design Devices Leverage Practice
  21. 21. How Can YOU Visualize Lesson Content?
  22. 22. START BY USING Five Basic Content Types Found in Organizational Training Procedures Concepts Facts Processes Principles
  23. 23. #1 Define Instructional Goals These goals will probably be taken from your district trifold, guaranteed viable curriculum and state standards.
  24. 24. PROCEDURES • USE TRANSFORMATIONAL VISUALS TO ILLUSTRATE THE STEPS THE LEARNER TAKES TO PERFORM A PROCEDURAL TASK. • EMPHASIZES HOW TO SUPPORT TRANSFER OF LEARNING AND MANAGE COGNITIVE LOAD.
  25. 25. How To Visualize Procedures • Provide demonstrations that combine transformational and representational visuals http://education.smarttech.com/ste/en-US/Ed+Resource/
  26. 26. CONCEPTS USE VISUALS TO HELP LEARNERS BUILD MENTAL MODELS OF CONCEPTS THAT WILL ENABLE THEM TO MAKE DISCRIMINATIONS ON THE JOB.
  27. 27. How To Visualize Concepts TWO or MORE Representational Graphic Examples http://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/grade_g_1.html
  28. 28. FACTS USE REPRESENTATIONAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL VISUALS TO ILLUSTRATE CONCRETE AND DISCRETE FACTUAL INFORMATION. EMPHASIZES THE DESIGN AND PLACEMENT OF MEMORY AIDS TO HELP WORKERS RETRIEVE FACTS WHEN NEEDED.
  29. 29. Use Organizational Visuals Door Clock See Rug Friend http://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/ grade_g_1.html
  30. 30. PROCESSES USE TRANSFORMATIONAL VISUALS THAT INCORPORATE REPRESENTATIONAL VISUALS FOR CONCRETE PROCESSES AND ANALOGICAL VISUALS FOR ABSTRACT PROCESSES TO HELP WORKERS BUILD MENTAL MODELS OF HOW SYSTEMS WORK.
  31. 31. Design transformational visuals that show activity flows from the performers' perspective • Shows Movement • Different Surface Features • Communicates Action http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/
  32. 32. PRINCIPLES VISUALIZE GUIDED-DISCOVERY LESSON ARCHITECTURES TO SUPPORT PROBLEM- CENTERED LEARNING AS WELL AS HOW TO USE INTERPRETIVE VISUALS TO DISPLAY SCIENTIFIC PRINCIPLES.
  33. 33. Manage Cognitive Load by Using Supportive Devices *Allows students to move at their own pace.
  34. 34. Manage Cognitive Load by Using Supportive Devices *Allows students to move at their own pace.
  35. 35. SET GOALS PLAN ACTIVITIES EVALUATE RESULTS
  36. 36. SET GOALS PLAN ACTIVITIES Originality & Inventiveness EVALUATE RESULTS MONITOR PROGRESS
  37. 37. COMMON MISTAKES TO AVOID Using visuals that do not accurately reflect the work environment Omitting important concepts or providing only a brief definition without supporting examples Including unrelated facts and never integrating them into the lesson
  38. 38. COMMON MISTAKES TO AVOID Failing to teach the process at all or not using visuals to illustrate the process Failing to promote learner engagement with interpretive visuals
  39. 39. Kristina Quintana Final Project 7-17-09

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