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  1. 1. PreWriting! FROM THE WRITING CENTER @ THE A.R.C.
  2. 2. Writing is a Process... • Writing takes Patience • Writing is an art form; your writing can only improve with practice. • rewriting allows the writer to: Develop thoughts and ideas. Discover the purpose of the writing. • Organize the purpose, thoughts, and perspective Pre Writing • writing begins with a draft; it doesn't have to be pretty it just has to be written. • writing is a continual process of drafting, editing and revision. Writing • Writing may never fully be complete or done, but in time writers learn when a particular piece of writing is as finished as it will ever possibly b Finished
  3. 3. To Begin Write down your initial ideas •Do you have a topic/prompt for your instructor? If so write down everything you know about that topic or prompt? •If you don’t have a specific prompt but a particular type of paper you are writing, then look up examples of that paper on the internet or in your book and then write down what you think that type of paper should be about. •Experiment with your ideas. •If you come across something that interests you, but are unsure on how to approach it, write down everything you don’t know. Ask yourself what do you know? What do you know you don’t know? •What is the common opinion or perspective you have witnessed when seeing or hearing your topic discussed? Do you agree? •Write down what you would like to write about and what you hope to discuss in your paper, regardless of topic, what is your purpose?
  4. 4. Development As you begin to organize your initial thoughts ask yourself the following: • What is the purpose of this paper? • Will this answer a specific problem or set of problems? • Will it point out questions that have not been asked • Will it merely be a meditation on a particular idea or theme? Who is the audience? • Writing is never in a vacuum, who are you writing for and why will it be important to them? • Beyond your instructor and your peers, who do hope to inspire or confront or applaud or criticize in your paper? • Are you writing to people who are in agreement with you or those that will initially oppose your ideas? • How will your answer determine the way you write?
  5. 5. Strategies What-Why- How Prompts Organizer • Clarify your opinion • Identify reasons to support your opinion • Develop evidence to support each reason. • How to deconstruct a prompt. • R.A.M.P.S • Develop the main idea or thesis. • Identify reasons to support your opinion. • Discover examples to support each reason
  6. 6. What-Why-How Create a chart and ask the following questions of your topic: • What do you think about the topic? • This can state an opinion as well as become the main idea of your paper. • Why do you think what you think? • What are your reasons behind your opinion, not facts necessarily but what is the logic to support your opinion? • How do you know what you know? • This is the evidence or support, you may have to eventually do research here to find specific support, but for now just write down what supports your reasons and opinion as you see them now
  7. 7. Deconstructing a Prompt To Deconstruct a Prompt: • Read it. • Take it apart. • Understand what you need to do. • Determine how you respond to the prompt correctly. • Deploy R.A.F.T.S.
  8. 8. Identifying Key Parts of a Written Prompt • Does the prompt give you suggestions to get started? • Look for suggestions in the prompt to get you started (ideas to think about, verbs that tell you what to do). • Use key words from the prompt to construct your thesis statement. • Use R.A.F.T.S.
  9. 9. R.A.F.T.S RAFTS Ask yourself simple questions when understanding a Prompt. Role What role do you take as the writer? (student, citizen, expert) Example: I am writing this as a student. Audience Who is your audience? (class, parent, teacher, friend) Example: My audience will be the teacher Format What kind of response are you writing? Is there a word count? Example: I am writing a 700 word descriptive multi- paragraph essay. Task What are the verbs in the prompt asking you to do? Example: Select a person, write an essay describing why he/she is good a this/her job, include examples and details Strong Key Words What are the key words that you need to include in your response? Example: Profession, successful
  10. 10. Organizing... • Once you have your initial thoughts it is important to organize them: • What are you writing about? • What is your purpose? • Do you have an initial thesis? • See support Module 2.2.1 on the Thesis, but it is not necessary that you have a firm thesis when you begin the drafting process. You can always revise later. • What are your reasons? • Why are you write? • What evidence do you have?
  11. 11. Essay Organizer Hook: Don’t over think this, but you should have a sentence that grabs the reader’s attention. Introduce the issue or topic. If there’s a prompt discuss it here What reasons correspond to your opinion? What is your opinion/thesis? Why/Reason #1? HOW #1: For instance, (evidence, examples, and descriptions): Quote and explanation of quote and refers back to thesis: Transition Sentence: how will you move from Reason #1 to #2? Why/Reason #2? HOW #2: For instance, (evidence, examples, and descriptions): Quote and explanation of quote and refers back to thesis. Transition Sentence: how will you move from Reason #2 to #3? Why/Reason #3? HOW #3: For instance, (evidence, examples, and descriptions): Quote and explanation of quote and refers back to thesis. Transition Sentence: how will you move from Reason #3 to #4/conclusion? Introduction Body
  12. 12. And now to Write! Good Writing is about: • Presenting a clear and concise topic/deconstruction of the prompt; • Identifying strong feeling about the topic; • Forming an opinion; • Above all, embarking on a Journey of Discovery about the topic with reader/audience as passenger.