Brainstorming new


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Brainstorming new

  1. 1. Brainstorming References © 2001 by Ruth Luman Getting Ideas Before You Write
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ Writer’s block” is a common </li></ul><ul><li>problem to many students. This is </li></ul><ul><li>when ideas for writing do not come </li></ul><ul><li>very easily. It is easy to get very </li></ul><ul><li>frustrated when beginning to write. </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming activities can help </li></ul><ul><li>you get ideas for your essay and </li></ul><ul><li>help you become less frustrated. </li></ul>Introduction Getting Started
  3. 3. Brainstorming <ul><li>“ Brainstorming” means thinking of as many ideas as possible in a short amount of time. </li></ul><ul><li>Write down your ideas so that you don’t forget them. </li></ul><ul><li>Write down everything that comes to your mind; don’t worry about sorting out “good” and “bad” ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t worry about spelling or grammar. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Clustering </li></ul>Brainstorming <ul><li>Listing </li></ul><ul><li>Charting </li></ul>Three Activities
  5. 5. <ul><li>Clustering </li></ul>Brainstorming Clustering 1. Start with the main topic of your essay. Write that word in the center of your paper. 2. Write down any sub-topics that are connected to that main topic. Draw arrows to the sub-topics from the main topic. Listing Freewriting San Francisco Chinatown Fisherman’s Wharf Golden Gate Bridge Alcatraz Museums Transportation
  6. 6. <ul><li>Clustering </li></ul>Brainstorming Clustering 3. If you have new ideas, connect those words to the appropriate sub-topic. Listing Freewriting San Francisco Chinatown Fisherman’s Wharf Alcatraz Museums Transportation Golden Gate Bridge American Legion Modern Art Museum Asian Art Museum Clam Chowder Ships boats Cable Car Bus BART Restaurants Stores Theaters Old Military Prison Civilian Prison 1934-1963 Famous Prisoners Completed 1937 Scenic View
  7. 7. <ul><li>Clustering </li></ul>Clustering Example #1 Listing Freewriting Favorite Room Quiet Bedroom Big Closet Comfortable Furniture Windows Sunny View of Sky View of Trees Soft Bed Rocking Chair Yellow Good-Sized
  8. 8. <ul><li>Clustering </li></ul>Clustering Example #2 Listing Freewriting My Mother Liked Sports Very Religious A Leader Intelligent Hard Worker Housewife Waitress Cleaned Houses Read many books Had many different interests Went to church Taught Sunday School Gave to charity After-School Club Coordinator President of PTA Volleyball Soccer
  9. 9. <ul><li>Clustering </li></ul>Brainstorming Listing 1. Start with the main topic of your essay. Write that word or words at the top of your paper. Why I Want to Become a Nurse <ul><li>Listing </li></ul>Freewriting 2. Write down any word or phrase that might relate to your main topic underneath. Don’t worry about spelling or grammar. Your goal is to write down as many ideas as quickly as possible.
  10. 10. <ul><li>Clustering </li></ul>Brainstorming Listing Why I Want to Become a Nurse Like science Like problem solving Many jobs available in nursing Good salary Like working in a hospital Want to help other people Challenging job Opportunities for promotion Interested in study of diseases Interested in study of human body Flexible hours Will always learn something new <ul><li>Listing </li></ul>Freewriting
  11. 11. <ul><li>Clustering </li></ul>Listing Example #1 How to be a Successful Language Learner <ul><li>Practice speaking with others </li></ul><ul><li>Take classes </li></ul><ul><li>Guess at the meanings of words </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to radio or TV </li></ul><ul><li>Observe others </li></ul><ul><li>Set reasonable goals </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t be afraid to experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Study vocabulary in related topics </li></ul><ul><li>Ask others to correct you </li></ul><ul><li>Look for patterns in your errors </li></ul><ul><li>Organize your study time </li></ul><ul><li>Use special techniques to remember new words </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for help when you don’t understand </li></ul><ul><li>Review material regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Use a dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a good textbook </li></ul><ul><li>Listing </li></ul>Freewriting
  12. 12. <ul><li>Clustering </li></ul>Listing Example #2 Cambodia <ul><li>Major Cities: Battambang, Phnom Penh </li></ul><ul><li>Angkor Wat </li></ul><ul><li>Borders Vietnam, Laos, Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>Mekong and Tonle Sap Rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Once a French colony </li></ul><ul><li>Tuol Sleng Prison </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture: rice, rubber, fish, timber </li></ul><ul><li>Cambodian writing: originally from India </li></ul><ul><li>Artful dances </li></ul><ul><li>Theravada Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>King Sihanouk </li></ul><ul><li>Pol Pot/Khmer Rouge </li></ul><ul><li>Weather: hot and rainy </li></ul><ul><li>Minority Groups: Cham, Pear, Brao </li></ul><ul><li>Land mines </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Listing </li></ul>Freewriting
  13. 13. <ul><li>Clustering </li></ul>Brainstorming Charting 1.Sometimes you will want to organize your ideas for writing in a chart. 2.Charting works very well for comparison/ contrast writing or examining advantages and disadvantages. 3.You can use many different kinds of charts, depending on your topic and the kind of writing you are doing. Listing <ul><li>Charting </li></ul>
  14. 14. Example Chart
  15. 15. Charting -Using Venn Diagram <ul><li>A Venn diagram is a great tool for creating a comparison between two or more objects, events, or people. </li></ul><ul><li>Simply draw two (or three) large circles and give each circle a title, reflecting each person or object you are comparing. </li></ul><ul><li>Inside the intersection of the two circles (overlapping area) write all the traits that the objects have in common. </li></ul><ul><li>In the areas outside the overlapping section you will write all of the traits that are specific to that particular object or person. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Charting -Using Venn diagram