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Argumentative writing Guide


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Argumentative writing guide for IGCSE English First Language

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Argumentative writing Guide

  1. 1. Argumentative Writing Wunsa Euavarree (Grace) Benyapha Pianphanitporn (Fame) Jidapa Promdech (Nan)
  2. 2. 1st Step • Read the question and underline key words • Read the question and the instructions of the task carefully and decide on key vocabulary. Top Tip write words of the same meaning to these vocabulary words to be your selection.
  3. 3. Planning Listing main points Sequencing ideas PEE Planning Top Tip Selecting techniques you will use PAF put the most important point first or last.
  4. 4. PEE Points => Evidences => Explanations => Find them! Support your points! Express your views!
  5. 5. PAF Purpose => What is your purpose? What do you want to convey to the audience? Audience => Who are your audiences? Use your language appropriately! Form => Structure and sequencing your idea!
  6. 6. Paragraphing Introduction Alternative view Criticism of Alternative view Your view Conclusion state the issue give the opposite side of view demolish the opposite view by using its weakness explain reasons and techniques to support your view Summary
  7. 7. Conclusion A Good Conclusion must: • Rephrase the question. • Summarize the main ideas. • Look to the future. Top Tip Conclusion is the end of the essay which the reader will remember most, so it should be clear and avoid confusing the reader. ***Remember NEVER add any new information to it.
  8. 8. A FOREST A F O R E S T Anecdote Fact Opinion Rhetorical Question Expert Statistic Triple Telling your own story Real event that can be prove. Point of view Asking question that doesn’t any answer Expert statement Research 3 powerful and effective words.
  9. 9. A FOREST Technique Example Fact 5 to 53 facial muscles are used when you smiling. Opinion They smile that means they are happy. Rhetorical Question Nobody like to people who always be stressful, do you? Expert Scientists say smiling can extend 7 years of your life time. Statistic About 80% of people who smile live longer that the people who didn’t smile. Triple Smiling makes you become more friendly, attractive and relax.
  10. 10. Targeting Grade Grade C Grade A • Relevant points with an attempt to • Well-developed logical points. develop some of the ideas. • Clearly linked each stage. • You do not repeat points to • Sequencing sentences and emphasize the important points. paragraphs which are easy to • The sequencing of the paragraphs follow. is satisfactory but it could be more smoothly linked.
  11. 11. Connective Remember to use them to link your ideas and paragraphs. Example Adding new supporting information moreover, in addition, furthermore Offering a different viewpoint in contrast, on the other hand, however, nevertheless, despite, but, while Restarting a point for impact as stated earlier, to recap Explaining cause and effect as a result, because, consequently
  12. 12. Exam Style Question • ‘Honest people never win.’ What are your views? • ‘To hate people is always wrong.’ Argue a case for or against this view. • ‘Everything we learn is useful.’ Argue for or against this statement. • ‘Dreams are important in our lives.’ Discuss this view. • ‘The small things that we own are the most precious.’ Do you agree?