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MLA in text citations

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MLA in text citations

  1. 1. MLA In-Text Citations FROM THE WRITING CENTER @ THE A.R.C.
  2. 2. What are in-text citations for?  To give credit to the original author of any source used in your paper  They point the reader to the corresponding entry in your works cited page
  3. 3. The Basics Usually you should include the author’s last name in parenthesis or a signal phrase. Example: “The impact of jellybeans on happiness is staggering” (Stomago). Signal phrases introduce your reader to the source you are using. Example: Hungray Stomago states that “The impact of jellybeans on happiness is staggering.”
  4. 4. Sources with Page Numbers 1. Include the page number in parenthesis after the author’s name 2. Put the page number in parenthesis and the author’s name in the signal phrase If a source has page numbers (actual ones given in the text, not the ones your printer might make), you have two options… Example: “You might just as well say that ‘I see what I eat’ is the same thing as ‘I eat what I see’” (Carroll 54). Example: Carroll makes the point that “You might just as well say that ‘I see what I eat’ is the same thing as ‘I eat what I see’” (54).
  5. 5. Sources with More than One Author Like this: “Silly rabbit, Trix are for kids” (Johnson, Philips, and Gregory 78). Or this: Johnson, Philips, and Gregory make the statement: “Silly rabbit, Trix are for kids” (78). If a source has three or fewer authors, include their last names in the parenthesis or single phrase…
  6. 6. Sources with More than Three Authors Like this: Tyler et al. conclude that “Whoopee cushions cause laughter” (93). And this: Tyler, Herman, Gabber, and Tolman conclude that “Whoopee cushions cause laughter” (93). Or this: “Whoopee cushions cause laughter” (Tyler et al. 93). If a source has more than three authors, use the last name of the first author in the list followed by “et al.”, or list all the names…
  7. 7. Two Sources with One Author Like this: Yowman explains in one article that green is the new pink (“In Fashion, In Favor” 54), but goes on to mock the garishness of the color in a later piece (“Green Makes Me Gag” 20). Use the author’s last name in the signal phrase and put the title/page number in parenthesis…
  8. 8. Sources with an Unknown Author Like this: In the article “Techniques for Decreasing Stress Levels in Adults”, actions such as fluffy blanket snuggling or penguin watching have been discovered to lower stress. Or this: Actions such as fluffy blanket snuggling or penguin watching have been discovered to lower stress (“Techniques for Decreasing Stress Levels”). If a source does not give you the author’s name, put the title of the article in quotation marks instead (longer titles can be shortened if needed)…
  9. 9. Conclusion  Now you know how to cite a source with page numbers  How to cite a source with single, multiple, or no authors  How to properly give credit where credit is due

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