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The french in north america


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The french in north america

  1. 1. The French in North America History 140 By: Josh Kessner Professor Arguello
  2. 2. American Colonies 5: Canada & Iroquoia <ul><li>Coming into North America, the French travelers needed to find a way to maintain survival on the land of the new world </li></ul><ul><li>In order to start there better life and promising futures within the new world they would need to train to hunt, or trade with the native peoples who had these necessities </li></ul><ul><li>The natives believed that almost anything the Europeans had brought with them held a special value. </li></ul><ul><li>They would trade guns, beads, textiles, pretty much anything the natives saw as valuable in return for food and fur </li></ul><ul><li>This trade helped advance the productivity of Canada and America in making successful colonies </li></ul><ul><li>This economy allowed for villages to last a very long time and for a much more peaceful co-existence with the native people </li></ul>
  3. 3. American Colonies 5: Canada & Iroquoia <ul><li>Trade was monumental to the beginnings of North America. </li></ul><ul><li>At first the native peoples would only trade within their communities </li></ul><ul><li>Since the natives thought of the majority of the trade objects as Manitou (possessing spiritual power) It put a lot of weight on the value of the objects </li></ul><ul><li>With the new goods, the natives would place them upon the highly revered, displaying status on objects worn by the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, the more powerful the objects would seem, and the higher amount worn by a person would grant them the idea of higher access to Manitou power </li></ul>
  4. 4. American Colonies 5: Canada & Iroquoia <ul><li>The fur trade was one of the key commodities in expanding the Northern Colonies </li></ul><ul><li>The French would trade with the Northern Algonquians which led up to alliances </li></ul><ul><li>As far as the necessities of the colonials, they needed fur and put just as much reliability upon it and food, as the natives did upon manitou </li></ul><ul><li>These furs were later traded in exchange for guns which would pose a threat to neighboring colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Armed with new weaponry, the already skilled hunter gatherers of the native land were now further empowered </li></ul>
  5. 5. American Colonies 5: Canada & Iroquoia <ul><li>The Iroquois Indians lived within the St. Lawrence Valley </li></ul><ul><li>They were enemies of the French and eventually created an alliance with four other tribes </li></ul><ul><li>This alliance was known as the Five Nations of the Iroquois Indians </li></ul><ul><li>The alliance began between 1570-1600 when a member of the Seneca tribe attempted to make a treaty with the Onondaga tribe. The Onondaga lived with the Mohawk tribe and eventually over time the two other tribes entered into the alliance. </li></ul><ul><li>All tribes agreed not to come into conflict with one another as a means of protection and safety for all of the Iroquois indians </li></ul><ul><li>All of the Iroquois were experienced torturers and advanced in hunting </li></ul>
  6. 6. American Colonies 16: French America <ul><li>French America was made up of all the land from the gulf of Mexico up to St. Lawrence </li></ul><ul><li>It wasn’t until 1663 that Canada finally belonged to the French Crown </li></ul><ul><li>Prior to that, Canada belonged to the fur-trading company of New France </li></ul><ul><li>The British were the rivals of the French and they needed stronger colonies if they were to defened Quebec from the English </li></ul><ul><li>The way that the Canadian economy was kept going was by tax money. </li></ul><ul><li>Tax money that was spent on the military for the most part kept the flow of the economy in motion </li></ul>
  7. 7. American Colonies 16: French America <ul><li>New France had an area of land on the interior of the country that was covered in forest and lakes </li></ul><ul><li>This area was known as the upper country and here there were still many of the native Indians </li></ul><ul><li>In order to stay on good terms with these people they created a sort of alliance called a middle ground </li></ul><ul><li>It was more of a temporary peace plan </li></ul><ul><li>The colonists and the Indians would trade with one another, guns and other goods, and the Indians would fight off the enemy </li></ul><ul><li>The French had to be generous in their trade and give gifts because the British trade was of a much lesser price, and the French needed to have allies of some sort. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining the middle ground was important to the upper country </li></ul>
  8. 8. American Colonies 16: French America <ul><li>As previously stated French America went all the way down south to the Gulf of Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana was discovered by the Frenchman La Salle while sailing down the Mississippi river </li></ul><ul><li>The French immediately went to the area of land and won the natives over with trade goods and weapons </li></ul><ul><li>After winning the territory, the Crown forwarded Louisiana to the company of the Indies </li></ul><ul><li>From there, colonists migrated to the area and many African slaves were transported </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana had horrible production of any trade good and population grew due to the types of people that were exported to the area. </li></ul>
  9. 9. American Colonies 16: French America <ul><li>The French tried to gain a stronger alliance with the Choctaw Indians </li></ul><ul><li>They would do this by trading weapons and tools for peace </li></ul><ul><li>The English and French would compete for influence over the native Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Since British colonists were able to sell a much larger quantity at a lower price with a better quality product, they had the advantage in gaining the alliances. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, the French still managed to maintain an alliance with the weaker tribes that were dependent upon them </li></ul><ul><li>The Indian tribes were essential to the well being on the French colonists, and vise versa. </li></ul><ul><li>New France and Louisiana were very costly and actually cost more than the revenue they gained from trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore both Indians became dependent upon the French trade, and the French dependent upon the Indian lands </li></ul>