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French in north america


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French in north america

  1. 1. B. Scott Tucker<br />The french in north america<br />
  2. 2. American Colonies 5- Canada & Iroquoia<br />Initialy the Indians pursued the fur trade within their own cultural parameters.<br />Indians thought of all objects, material as well as living to posses spiritual powers (manitou).<br />Originally traded for shiny objects. (Copper, beads, wampum or polished seashell beads.)<br />Indian hunters offered attractive furs such as beaver, fox, otter, lynx, and martin.<br />
  3. 3. American Colonies 5- Canada & Iroquoia<br />Indians began o think of goods as commodities with negotiable prices. <br />Natives appreciated the superior strength and cutting edge of metal arrowheads, axes, knives, and hatchets.<br />By enhancing the Indians needs, trade increased their demands upon the environment.<br />Fur trade pitted Indians against one another in destructive competition.<br />
  4. 4. American Colonies 5- Canada & Iroquoia<br />The French claimed he St. Lawrence Valley for 5 reasons:<br />The valley was safe distant from Spanish power.<br />The northern location meant especially thick and valuable furs.<br />The resident natives were more skilled hunters than the southern people.<br />St. Lawrence offered the deepest access westward into the continent.<br />A place the French called Quebec the river narrowed to provide a good harbor for ships and high ground for ideal fortified posts.<br />
  5. 5. American Colonies 5- Canada & Iroquoia<br />Vicious cycle- every war party had casualties, which demanded more captives. War parties provoked retaliation and carrying away captives carrying death into Iroquois villages.<br />Five Nations Iroquois were formidable enemies with the French.<br />The best present of all was a war captive meant to replace the dead.<br />Iroquois warriors conducted “mourning wars” in which they sought prisoners from their enemies.<br />
  6. 6. AMERICAN COLONIES 16- FRENCH AMERICA<br />End of the 17th century French founded a new colony named Louisiana.<br />Colonies of New France and Louisiana stretched from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Gulf of Mexico.<br />French presence depended more on Indian consent than French power.<br />French crown ordered The Co. of New France to recruit more inhabitants.<br />“Seigneurs” brought the first farm families to Canada.<br />
  7. 7. AMERICAN COLONIES 16- FRENCH AMERICA<br />During the 17th century fewer than 250 families emigrated to Canada.<br />12% of the emigrants were female. <br />Most were single young men in search of work and food. Most urban laborers and artisans rather than rural peasants.<br />Most female emigrants came from an orphanage in Paris. <br />Most male emigrants arrived in servitude as either soldiers or indentured servants.<br />
  8. 8. AMERICAN COLONIES 16- FRENCH AMERICA<br />Population grew from 3,000 in 1663 to 15,000 in 1700, but were not able to compete with the English Colonists who numbered 234,000 whites and 31,000 enslaved Africans. <br />Canada suffered as daunting reputation as immoral, cold, and unprofitable land.<br />Due to short growing seasons the habitants raised European livestock and grains, especially wheat over warm climate European staples such as tobacco and sugar. <br />
  9. 9. AMERICAN COLONIES 16- FRENCH AMERICA<br />Most French who did emigrate to Canada and stayed significantly improved their status and standard of living.<br />Due to small tight houses, and plentiful firewood New France habitants kept warmer in the winter.<br />Canadian habitants enjoyed privileges of fishing and hunting, both environmentally and legally denied to the peasants in hierarchical France.<br />
  10. 10. References<br />Taylor, Alan. (2001). American Colonies: The Settling Of North America. New York, New York: Penguin Books.<br />