Theme 4 part 1


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Theme 4 part 1

  1. 1. Theme 4: Part 1 The French in North America By Cruz Major
  2. 2. American Colonies 5-Canada and Iroquoia <ul><li>The French attempted to settle along the St. Lawrence river but then settled at the mouth of the river </li></ul><ul><li>The two major Indian cultures of northeastern North America were the Algonquian and Iroquoian peoples </li></ul><ul><li>The Algonquian were allies of the French while the Iroquoian were enemies of the French </li></ul><ul><li>The fur trade was a great source of profit for the French colonists, and unlike gold, silver, and other precious metals it was easily transportable </li></ul><ul><li>Additionally, the fur trade bypassed violent conflicts with the Indians due to the fact that fur trading was a mutually agreeable transaction that relied on no forced labor or violent coercion that was necessary in the production of gold and silver. </li></ul>
  3. 3. American Colonies 5-Canada and Iroquoia <ul><li>The Five Nations Iroquois was a violent band of Iroquois tribes that united during the sixteenth century after many years of brutal conflict </li></ul><ul><li>The Five Nations waged war on other Iroquois speaking tribes that refused to join </li></ul><ul><li>The introduction of firearms revolutionized Indian warfare as the natives recognized the uselessness of wooden amour and the folly of massed formations </li></ul>
  4. 4. American Colonies 5-Canada and Iroquoia <ul><li>The biggest enemy of the French was the Dutch settlers </li></ul><ul><li>The French came to depend upon Iroquois hostility as a barrier that kept the northern Indians from traveling south to trade with the Dutch </li></ul><ul><li>The French recognized that they could not compete with the quality, or quantity, or price of the Dutch trade goods </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Iroquois feared they would lose Dutch suppliers to northern tribes who had better access to finer furs </li></ul>
  5. 5. American Colonies 5-Canada and Iroquoia <ul><li>The logistics of Native Indian life were completely altered with the arrival of European weapons and tools </li></ul><ul><li>Many natives lost the art of making tools and weapons </li></ul><ul><li>As a result they became heavily reliant on European settlers </li></ul>
  6. 6. American Colonies 16-French Colonies <ul><li>The French heavily relied on natives for protection as the English started colonizing more </li></ul><ul><li>French colonies in Louisiana suffered from droughts, floods, underproduction of crops, and a bad economy </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana was the least profitable French colony </li></ul>
  7. 7. American Colonies 16-French Colonies <ul><li>Around 1701 the French defeated the Iroquois Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Despite the fact that peasants of New France lived better lives than peasants in France, it was difficult for French people to emigrate to New France </li></ul><ul><li>French policy placed restrictions on emigration to New France and often people were to poor to make the journey to North America </li></ul>
  8. 8. American Colonies 16-French Colonies <ul><li>The Choctaw alliance was signed between the French and Native Indians after many years of fighting </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial government was divided by the French crown between Governor General, Intendant, and the Bishop </li></ul><ul><li>Their was no religious tolerance in New France </li></ul><ul><li>The French crown allowed Catholicism </li></ul>
  9. 9. American Colonies 16-French Colonies <ul><li>The French colonies never achieved success </li></ul><ul><li>French tried to stop English expansion in North America but failed to do so </li></ul>