The Spanish Empire


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The Spanish Empire

  1. 1. The Spanish Empire Theme 3 Part 2 By: Josh Kessner History 140, Professor Arguello
  2. 2. The History of Spain <ul><li>The history of Spain involves many peoples and nations within the Iberian peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>The Iberian peninsula was formerly known as Hispania, and still to this very day contain the nations of Andorra, Gibraltar, Portugal, and Spain </li></ul><ul><li>As of recently Spain has become a member of the European Union </li></ul><ul><li>Modern humans entered the Iberian Peninsula about 32,000 years ago which led up to the Kingdom of Spain which was created in 1492. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Imperial Spain <ul><li>The Spanish Empire was one of the first modern global empires and also one of the largest empires in world history. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 16 th century Spain and Portugal were in the vanguard of European global exploration and colonial expansion. </li></ul><ul><li>Trade routes were opened across the oceans and that allowed for much growth and productivity. </li></ul><ul><li>Trade flourished across the Atlantic with the Americas and across the Pacific between East Asia and Mexico. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Spanish Kingdoms under the Habsburgs <ul><li>Not only was the height of the powerful Spanish world empire achieved within the 16 th and 17 th century, it’s decline also fell. </li></ul><ul><li>Both of these endured under the Habsburgs </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish Empire reached its maximum height in Europe under Charles I of Spain, as he was also Emperor Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Charles became king in 1516, and near his death made the division of his inheritance into two parts. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Difficulties for Phillip II of Spain <ul><li>Phillip II of Spain became king on Charles V’s abdication in 1556. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain largely escaped the religious conflicts and remained strictly Roman Catholic. </li></ul><ul><li>Led Spain into the unsuccessful Spanish Armada which was an early battle in the Anglo-Spanish war. </li></ul><ul><li>The great plague of 1596-1602 killed 600-700 thousand people which was about 10% of the population. </li></ul><ul><li>Economically, the plague destroyed the labor force and added to the psychological distraught of an already problematic Spain </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Spanish Empire <ul><li>After the War of the Castilian Succession, Spain had emerged with a personally unified monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>The marriage of the Catholic Monarchs, the Queen of Castile and the King of Aragon allowed for this monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Rule was separate but internal and foreign policy was coordinated </li></ul><ul><li>By 1492, the Spanish monarchs completed the Reconquista with the incorporation of Granada to the Kingdom of Castile </li></ul>
  7. 7. Spanish Empire in the 16 th Century <ul><li>In the 16 th century, Spain settled the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean, and took over large areas on mainland North and South America </li></ul><ul><li>They overran the Aztecs and Incas </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish expedition of world circumnavigation started by Ferdinand Magellan achieved what Columbus had longed for. </li></ul><ul><li>There was now a westward route to Asia and the sought-after Spice Islands. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1565 navigator Miguel Lopez de Legazpi arrived in Guam and the Philippine Islands establishing the Spanish East Indies. </li></ul>