Colonial america france


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Colonial america france

  1. 1. American Colonial Empires The French: History 140 Aaron Land
  2. 2. Ch. 5 Canada and Iroquoia <ul><li>During the 16 th Century, French, English and Dutch mariners, increasingly tried at encroaching upon Spanish sea lanes and ports </li></ul><ul><li>1560: The French learned the powerfulness of the Spanish fleet </li></ul><ul><li>The Northwest Passage: this area became opened to French explorers, for the Spanish found nothing of interest in the area. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Ch. 5 Canada and Iroquoia <ul><li>Northeastern North American Indians were divided among Algonquian and Iroquoian Peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Algonquians occupied the seaboard from Labrador to N. Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Iroquoians were centrally located </li></ul><ul><li>Iroquoians were of a mixed economy </li></ul><ul><li>Algonquians were mobile, lacking horticulture. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ch. 5 Canada and Iroquioa <ul><li>Trading Posts: were small, and unsettled to discourage competition among others </li></ul><ul><li>Trading Posts: centered around fur trade, which was lucrative for the French </li></ul><ul><li>Quebec: one such post that would help secure the French easy access to Indian groups that were specialists in hunting beavers and other animals that produced fur. </li></ul><ul><li>The French here as well as other posts would learn the customs and processes of dealing with Natives. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ch. 5 Canada and Iroquoia <ul><li>Five Nation Iroquoia: formidable enemies of the French. The women cultivated enough crops to allow the men to focus on the pursuit of war. </li></ul><ul><li>Men- gained prestige in successes in war </li></ul><ul><li>Torture- was used to maintain the power of their people, both spiritually and numerically </li></ul><ul><li>Mourning Wars- used to appease grief, in which they sought prisoners, in which they were adopted by matrlineages, in which women decided their fate: death or adoption. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ch. 16 French America <ul><li>The Company of New France: Until 1663, Canada had belonged to the Company, not the crown. </li></ul><ul><li>The Company relied on a few French soldiers, who would protect their interests from English encroachment </li></ul><ul><li>The French Crown- realized that population growth could only sustain the colony, ordered “grants of seigneurie,” farm land grants to French colonists who stayed in the area </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ch. 16 French America <ul><li>Upper Country- the lake region between Montreal and Quebec. A dispersed empire of trade </li></ul><ul><li>St. Lawrence Valley- narrow cultivated land, where colonization by settlement was practiced. </li></ul><ul><li>Upper Country- Indians and French developed an alliance known as “the middle ground,” a system where both were equals, non dominating the other, allowing new customs to develop. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ch. 16 French America <ul><li>La Salle in 1682 leads an expedition finding Louisiana, naming it after his King Louis XIV </li></ul><ul><li>French hoped to link Canada with Louisiana, through a system of trading posts </li></ul><ul><li>Focus in Louisiana was to be expanding trade, not religious conversions. </li></ul><ul><li>Company of Indies: 1718 the Company finds New Orleans, to be the chief port of the Colony </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ch. 16 French America <ul><li>For Paris: the costs of it's new colonies were staggering </li></ul><ul><li>The costs of presents to Indians and the maintenance of forts cost more than the fur trade brought in. </li></ul><ul><li>1696- Paris ordered a withdrawal from the Upper Country, upsetting many settlers. </li></ul><ul><li>For the Natives- they no longer were able to survive without the materials and goods provided by the French. </li></ul><ul><li>Essentially- each had become dependent upon each other. </li></ul>