The Portuguese Empire

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Theme 3 Part I

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The Portuguese Empire

  1. 1. The Portuguese Empire Theme 3 Part I By: Josh Kessner History 140 Professor Arguello
  2. 2. History of Portugal <ul><li>Portugal is both a European and Atlantic nation which had built up a powerful empire in earlier years. </li></ul><ul><li>The empire included parts of South America, Africa, Asia, and Astralasia. </li></ul><ul><li>Within the next two centuries, 17 th and 18 th , Portugal slowly lost much of its wealth as other Nations took over their scattered trading posts. </li></ul><ul><li>Signs of military decline began in the late 16 th century </li></ul>
  3. 3. Early Inhabitants of Portugal <ul><li>Present-day Portugal was first inhabited way back in time by the Neanderthals and then by the Homo sapiens, our earlier ancestors. </li></ul><ul><li>They traveled around the Northern Iberian Peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>There was some domestication of animals and raising of crops and early in the first millennium BC, many local populations inter-married creating many ethnic groups. </li></ul><ul><li>There were also inhabitants in southern parts of the country. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Portuguese Empire <ul><li>The Portuguese Empire was the first global empire in history! </li></ul><ul><li>The empire also reigned the longest, lasting almost six centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese sailors began exploring the coast of Africa in 1419 with developments in navigation and cartography </li></ul>
  5. 5. Expanders of the Empire <ul><li>In 1488, Bartolomeu Dias sailed around the Cape of Good Hope. </li></ul><ul><li>Vasco da Gama reached India in 1498. </li></ul><ul><li>Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brazil by an accidental landfall. </li></ul><ul><li>As decades continued, Portuguese sailors were continually exploring coastal areas of these large land masses, establishing themselves as they discovered these new territories </li></ul>
  6. 6. Colonial Brazil <ul><li>Colonial Brazil is the label given to the time of the arrival of the Portuguese in 1500 until 1815 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1815, Brazil was elevated to kingdom alongside Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>There was a great amount of economic exploration amongst arrival. </li></ul><ul><li>Goods that were found to be of use were brazilwood, sugar, and gold and diamond mining slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>At first Brazil was set up as fifteen private captaincies. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Captaincies of Brazil <ul><li>In the very first attempt at colonizing this new found land Brazil, the Portuguese went by the system of hereditary captaincies. </li></ul><ul><li>The costs were transferred to 15 private hands </li></ul><ul><li>These were given to Portuguese noblemen, yet only two of the 15 captaincies prospered. </li></ul><ul><li>The failure of the other captaincies was related to the resistance of the indigenous peoples </li></ul><ul><li>One of the prospering captaincies found it’s success in the harvesting of sugarcane </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar was very valuable in trade with Europe and its production became the main Brazilian colonial produce in the next 150 years. </li></ul>

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