The french in north america


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The french in north america

  1. 1. The French in North AmericaChristina VerhoevenHistory 140Professor Arguello<br />
  2. 2. American Colonies-5Canada and Iroquoia<br />In order to avoid conflicts with the dominating Spaniards in the south, the French founded settlements in North America.<br />During the 16th century, the French developed alliances with the Algonquian peoples in the North.<br />By forging this alliance with the Algonquians, the French were now enemies of the Five Nation Iroquois. <br />
  3. 3. American Colonies-5Canada and Iroquoia<br />The Fur Trade<br />Due to overhunting, furs were very scarce in Europe.<br />The Indians were interested in trading furs for beads, metals, other shiny objects and alcohol.<br />To meet the demand of trade, Indians depleted the local beaver population, and frequently instigated fighting in other territories for control of the precious furs.<br />
  4. 4. American Colonies-5Canada and Iroquoia<br />The Five Nations<br />The Dutch Trade<br />The Iroquois were expert farmers and had the capability to sustain and accommodate a large amount of people, more so than the Montagnais and Algonkin.<br />The Iroquois often conducted “mourning wars” where they would torture their captives.<br />All of the villagers would take turns beating, stabbing, torching, and branding their victims.<br />In 1609, Henry Hudson established a fur trade with the Mohawks.<br />The Dutch had better quality and lower priced goods than the French.<br />Fort Orange was a year long trading post established by the Dutch where they often supplied the Indians with guns. <br />Supplied with new guns, the Iroquois were able to successfully raid other nations to the north.<br />
  5. 5. American Colonies-5Canada and Iroquoia<br />Jesuits<br />The French were not only interested in trading furs, they were also looking to convert the Indians to Catholicism.<br />Unlike their Protestant rivals, the Jesuits did not always convert the Indians by means of force. <br />Instead, they learned the native languages and embedded themselves into the “savages” culture.<br />
  6. 6. American Colonies-16French America<br />The French were the British colonies greatest rivals during the 17th century.<br />As Spanish power was declining in Florida, the French founded the Louisiana colony. <br />The French had established good trade relations with the Indians, but they had growing frustrations when they could not control the natives.<br />
  7. 7. American Colonies-16French America<br />Emigrants<br />In 1663 the crown took over the Company of New France so they could start populating the colonies.<br />Although the crown financed many of the emigrants voyages, many of them did not stay in Canada.<br />Most of the French emigrants did not want to endure the harsh climate, and unfavorable agricultural conditions in Canada.<br />
  8. 8. American Colonies-16French America<br />Opportunity<br />Louisiana<br />The French peasants that settled in Canada were, in fact, able to improve their status and standard of living.<br />Many of them could afford horses and other commodities that were too expensive back home.<br /> Unlike English common law, women were treated as equal economic partners to their husbands.<br />Louisiana was named after King Louis XIV.<br />The Company of the Indies tried to stimulate economic growth and emigration in Louisiana from 1717-1730.<br />The majority of the inhabitants were African slaves.<br />Louisiana did not have a valuable crop to export and many efforts on behalf of The Company of the Indies failed.<br />
  9. 9. American Colonies-16French America<br />Dependence<br />French America was an economic failure.<br />It was too expensive to maintain forts and pacify the Indians with presents .<br />However, the Indians had become dependent upon French trade for clothes, guns and other metals..<br />In order to prevent the Indians from trading with British colonists, the French often sold their goods below market value.<br />