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Aba Nonlinear


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Powerpoint about ABA therapy

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Aba Nonlinear

  1. 1. Why ABA? Should I use ABA for my child with autism or other developmental disability?
  2. 2. Table of Contents • What is ABA – What ABA is not – ABA process Quiz # 1 • ABA and Behavior – Typical behavior of autistic child – Verbal behavior Quiz # 2 • Conclusions: Outcomes for children • Answer Key • Bibliography
  3. 3. What is ? ABA stands for Applied Behavioral Analysis and is based on the works of B.F. Skinner. Intensive 1 on 1 therapy. A treatment for autism that identifies skill deficits then breaks each skill into its smallest manageable unit. Goals are make for each specific behavior. The skills are then expanded into larger, more significant units. Table of Contents
  4. 4. What ABA is not. It is not just for children with autism. ABA has helped children with Rhett’s, down syndrome, and many other developmental disabilities. It is not discrete trial training, although it does use techniques from discrete trial training It is not speech therapy, physical therapy, or occupational therapy; though recommendations from these professionals can be incorporated into the ABA therapy. ABA is not a means of teaching children using any physical punishment. ABA concentrates on reinforcement. Table of Contents
  5. 5. ABA process • Direct observation- test all behaviors through personal experience • Rigorous data collection- notice patterns and strengths in child’s learning • Reinforcement- Find what motivates each child and use to shape behavior • Stimulus control- use prompting, extinction, and fading to encourage appropriate behaviors and aide in learning. Table of Contents
  6. 6. 1) What does ABA stand for? a) Applied Behavioral Analysis b) Analytic Behavior Accounting c) Assertive Behavior Analyzing 2) ABA is therapy for: a) kids who want to go into business b) only for autistic children c) for children with development disabilities 3) What does ABA use to teach children? a) time outs b) physical punishment c) reinforcement 4) ABA therapists can pick up on behavior patterns through: a) asking the parents b) taping therapy sessions c) rigorous data collection 5) ABA goals are made for: a) each specific behavior b) categories of behavior c) the ease of the therapist Answer Key
  7. 7. ABA and Behavior Behavior is anything a person does that can be observed and measured. ABA uses the pattern of antecedents, behavior, and consequence (the ABC’s) to help children predict outcomes and control behavior. ABA uses natural environment training to help generalize behaviors across different environments. Table of Contents
  8. 8. Typical Behavior of an Autistic Child These are just some of the behaviors a child with autism may exhibit that ABA can focus on. • Poor or no speech • Lack of eye contact • Self stimulating Behavior (flapping arms, repetitive noises, etc.) • Sensitivity to sounds and textures • Physical aggression • Strong desire to follow patterns in behavior and interactions • Toe-walking • Repetitive Behavior • Self-injurious behavior • Does not respond (acts like they are deaf) Table of Contents
  9. 9. Verbal Behavior • Behavior that involves communication and conveying information • Includes both vocal and non-vocal communication (sign language, speech, communication device, gestures) • Skinners 4 categories of verbal behavior: – Echoic – imitation – Mand – request/demand – Tact – labeling – Intraverbal – conversational. Table of Contents
  10. 10. 1) Behavior is anything a person does that can be: a) annoying and noisy b) observed and measured c) felt and seen 2) Which is not a typical behavior of an autistic child. a) above average math skills b) toe walking c) lack of eye contact 3) Conversational behavior is known as: a) Echoic b) Intraverbal c) Mand 4) The ABC’s stand for _____, behavior, and consequence. a) antecedent b) action c) arrangement 5) Children with autism may seem to be: a) blind b) dizzy c) deaf Answer key
  11. 11. Conclusion- Outcomes • Children with autism who receive early, intensive, intervention consistently out pace their autistic peers who do not receive such therapy. The most famous, consistently replicated study is Lovaas’ “Behavioral Treatment and Normal Educational and Intellectual Functioning in Young Autistic Children” Table of Contents
  12. 12. Quiz 1 1) A) Applied Behavioral Analysis 2) C) Children with developmental disabilities 3) C) Reinforcement 4) C) Rigorous data collection 5) A) Each specific behavior Return to ABA and behavior Quiz 2 1) B) Observed and measured 2) A) Above average math skills 3) B) Intraverbal 4) A) Antecedent 5) C) Deaf If you scored 8/10 Congratulations! Press button to move on. If you scored less than 8/10 Uh-Oh. Press button to try again.
  13. 13. Bibliography Buchanan, S.M., & Weiss, M.J. (2006) Applied Behavioral Analysis and Autism: an introduction. Ewing, NJ: New Jersey Center for Outreach and Services for the Autism Community. Lovaas, O.I. (1987) Behavioral Treatment and Normal Educational and Intellectual Functioning in Young Autistic Children [Electronic version]. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 3-9. Next
  14. 14. My A-ha moments • I never made a power point presentation using hyperlinks. I found the highlighting and selection process very simple and useful • As I made my presentation 2 slides were out of order at first I thought I would have to delete them to rearrange them then I found the slide sorter. All I had to do was click and drag the slides to their correct placement. • I was able to make a sunshine smiley face button and a sad face button for my answer key page. I was unaware that I could make a button by using a picture and the hyperlink button.