Skills Shortage
A new vocational educational model to bridge the gap
1
Manthan Topic: Building Skillsets
Team Details
Plea...
India churns out 3 million graduates every year however employability of
these graduates is a major concern
2
Employabilit...
Building skills through a large network of volunteers managed
centrally is an innovative way to address the skill gap
3
Sn...
We will build a network of volunteers drawn among
professionals, retired executives and graduate students
4
Network of vol...
Volunteers will be recruited through online and offline
channels after assessing the area wise skills gap
5
Building the v...
The volunteer network will be managed by a central
management team supported by state of the art infrastructure
6
Managing...
Key elements of the implementation plan are designed to
make it scalable and sustainable
7
Implementing the plan
Recruitme...
We will have a organization team at central and regional level
consisting of around 80 FTEs
8
Chief Controller
Outreach/
M...
The vocational training model will require around INR 5 cr of
funding from government and corporate bodies annually
9
Tota...
The program will be able to impact 5 million people every year
through a network of 0.5 million volunteers
10
Volunteer Ne...
The volunteer driven model of vocational training faces key
concept and implementation risks
11
Challenges and Risks
Conce...
Appendix
12
References
• Unsettled Settlers: Migrant Workers and Industrial Capitalism in Calcutta
• Wilfred Malenbaum, Ur...
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Manthan- Building Skillsets

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Manthan- Building Skillsets

  1. 1. Skills Shortage A new vocational educational model to bridge the gap 1 Manthan Topic: Building Skillsets Team Details Please note that this a sample presentation to guide the participants to structure their report. Manthan Team takes no responsibility for the data presented in this report.
  2. 2. India churns out 3 million graduates every year however employability of these graduates is a major concern 2 Employability of technical graduates Disconcerting characteristics of Indian employment A. Unemployment increases with education: • Illiterates have the lowest unemployment rates while educated graduates have highest rates • Hypothesis: Mainstream education in India is totally out of sync of job market requirements B. Unemployment peaks in the most productive age group of 19-35 years: • Unemployment level in Kerala one of the most literate states has around 35% unemployment in this age group • Hypothesis: Productive youth are unable to find the employment opportunities they seek C. Urban unemployment higher than rural unemployment • Rural unemployment at 7% is lower than urban unemployment at 14% • Hypothesis: Lack of specialized skills of urban youth Source: National Employability report, National Sample Survey, UGC report, Media reports 17.50% 2.68% 9.22% 36.57% 40.69% IT Services IT Product Knowledge Process Outsourcing Hardware Networking Business Process Outsourcing • Around 75% of technical graduates and 85% of general graduates are unemployable • Around 90% do not have the requisite English proficiency
  3. 3. Building skills through a large network of volunteers managed centrally is an innovative way to address the skill gap 3 Snapshot of solution proposed Volunteer driven skills training Implementation model Advantage over existing system • Extremely low cost and fungible skills training institutes • Volunteers drawn from various service professions, retired executives and graduate students • Incorporating requirements of actual employers with government corporate funding • Volunteers to impart skills training on holiday and weekends • Region wise skill mapping of volunteers to skills gap identified facilitated by a central management team backed by technological and organizational enablers • Curriculum design, placement support, credit support integral part of the model • Utilizes the skills freely available in society as opposed to institutional setups like Industrial training Institutes which have outdated curriculum and no linkages with industry and are facing staff shortages • Large impact (5 mn educated) with very low cost (INR 5 cr per year)
  4. 4. We will build a network of volunteers drawn among professionals, retired executives and graduate students 4 Network of volunteers Professionals Retired / Defence services Graduate students Rationale for choosing the group • Have specific skills needed in the job market • Can impart relevant training through work experience • Free during weekends • Long and distinguished work experience • Opportunity to work in voluntary engagements • Ample spare time • Easy to tap into by contacting major colleges • Opportunity to build their resumes and additional training skills Number • More than 50 million IT and other services professionals • More than 20 million retired executives • Around 1 million graduates Potential skills imparted • English proficiency • IT and computer training • Paramedical skills • Retail and hospitality training • Manufacturing skills training • Cooking, culinary skills • Small entrepreneurial ventures • Industrial operations, fabrication, apparels • English proficiency • Computer training • English proficiency • Computer and IT skills training • Web and mobile programming
  5. 5. Volunteers will be recruited through online and offline channels after assessing the area wise skills gap 5 Building the volunteer army Recruitment Management & Mapping Implementation • Direct recruitment from central/ state government offices • Direct recruitment by reaching out to NGOs/ Voluntary organizations • Reaching out to colleges and alumni associations • Online registration • Mobile based registration Recruitment of volunteers 0.5 Million+ volunteers across the country to be recruited • We will understand the requirement at block level for both urban and rural areas • Survey of industries/ services per district and per block and potential requirement of skills identified • Direct interaction with service providers/ manufacturers and potential trainees in the area • Complete district wise and block wise skills and volunteer requirement identified Need of skills assessment • Large scale media and offline campaign to support the volunteer recruitment drive • Both traditional and social media will be utilized to spread the message • Posters/ Banners to be put up in high footfall urban areas like shopping complexes, Railway stations Awareness Building
  6. 6. The volunteer network will be managed by a central management team supported by state of the art infrastructure 6 Managing the volunteer army Recruitment Management & Mapping Implementation Central management system District offices NGOs Online Recruitment of volunteers Central system to map volunteers with districts and areas backed by IT infrastructure School Govt building Education camps Volunteer homes Training at district level • Teaching preferences and location of volunteers to be taken at the time of registration • Volunteers to be assigned to their home zones based on the needs of skills training in the district • Arrangement of training venue viz school, government buildings etc to be mapped by the central management system staffed by few government employees with online database Salient features
  7. 7. Key elements of the implementation plan are designed to make it scalable and sustainable 7 Implementing the plan Recruitment Management & Mapping Implementation • Medium of instruction: English • Training Period: 3 months to 1 year only on weekends based on the training module • Venue : Local government schools or offices • Computerized vocational training through internet and Video conference • Online content: Video recordings of courses to be uploaded on internet Training delivery model Curriculum Corporate support, Scalability and Sustainability • Curriculum design: Inputs to be taken from main clients of the program viz corporates and SMEs • Generic modules like numeracy, literacy, communication skills, basic computer skills • Formal education curriculum to be incorporated to enable students to acquire diplomas, certificates • Corporate support for the program will be forthcoming with quality of graduates being produced • Eg. Reliance trained 20000 workers out of 70000 needed to build Jamnagar refinery who could have been directly recruited • Recruitment of volunteering teachers from among the newly passed out graduates will help the model be self driven
  8. 8. We will have a organization team at central and regional level consisting of around 80 FTEs 8 Chief Controller Outreach/ Media team Co-ordination Team Finance Team Curriculum team Organizational setup for the initiative Reports to Director of Vocational training Manages and responsible for the initiative Corporate support, Media strategy . FTE: 3 Recruitment Team IT Team Mapping of trainees & volunteers. FTE: 3 Recruitment of volunteers through all channels. FTE: 6 Funds management. FTE: 2 Curriculum design and co-ordination FTE: 12 Front end and backend support FTE: 4 Central Management Team City ControllerCity Controller Regional ControllerRegional Controller One Regional controller for each of 100 regional and district centres identified for imparting of vocational training. He will be supported by a venue volunteer, co-ordination volunteer, Trainee groups and local NGOs. FTE: 50 Regional organization
  9. 9. The vocational training model will require around INR 5 cr of funding from government and corporate bodies annually 9 TotalFunding Required Organization cost Regional: (50 FTEs @ 5 lakh pa) Chief Controller (1FTE x 8 lakh pa) Central Teams: (30 FTEs x 4.6 lakh avg pa) Logistics cost Transportation cost Establishment cost Technology cost IT Hardware cost IT Software cost Communication expense INR 3 cr per annum INR 50 lakh per annum INR 1 cr per annum The volunteer driven training is envisaged as a 50:50 funding partnership between the Government and private bodies who are the main beneficiaries. We propose to raise additional 20% from philanthropists and through nominal training cost charged from individuals
  10. 10. The program will be able to impact 5 million people every year through a network of 0.5 million volunteers 10 Volunteer Network • 0.5 Mn volunteers to be recruited through the outreach drive • 0.3 Mn Professionals • 0.1 Mn Retired Executives • 0.1 Mn Students Trainees • 5 Mn to be trained yearly across 100 districts / cities • Programs will be for a month, quarter, half-year and annual Skills imparted • Computer literacy • English proficiency • Basic manufacturing skills training: machine tools, CNCs, Apparel manufacturing and fabrication • Web and mobile programming • Retail and Hospitality • Basic accounting skills Placement Support • Placement support to graduating students by inviting firms who can utilize their skillsets • Industry internships and traineeships for students Integration with mainstream • Diplomas/ Certificates to be awarded • Formal education modules to help gain admission into colleges or diploma courses Impact and Reach Additional help
  11. 11. The volunteer driven model of vocational training faces key concept and implementation risks 11 Challenges and Risks Concept Risks • Government or corporates do not see the viability of funding this model • Unemployed youth do not see the value of vocational education and prefer formal programs • Volunteer enrollment minimal and key profession groups show no interest Implementation challenges • Difficulty in integrating with government infrastructure and institutions • Placement of students will be a big challenge • Curriculum design and fit to industry needs a massive effort • Funding from other sources or self funded model via training fees • Tighter integration with formal education • Advertising/ Awareness Campaign Mitigation factors • Tie-ups with other vendors for providing venues and offline registration/ interaction channels • Tie-ups with placement agencies • Tie-ups with industries for internships/ articleships • Bringing in industry leaders/ NGOs for curriculum and training inputs
  12. 12. Appendix 12 References • Unsettled Settlers: Migrant Workers and Industrial Capitalism in Calcutta • Wilfred Malenbaum, Urban Unemployment in India Published by: Pacific Affairs, University of British Columbia • 17 Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Micro and small enterprises • Towards a Knowledge Society, National Knowledge Commission India, 2008 • Report of the Special group on targeting 10 million opportunities per year, Planning Commission India 2002 • Report of the Task Force on employment opportunities, Planning Commission India • 2001 • Skill Development in India, Vocational Education and Training System , Human • Development Unit, World Bank 2006 • Entrepreneurship in India, National Knowledge Commission 2008

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