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  1. 1. Brain Gain: Promoting Research and Innovation 1 Ayush Anand – IIT Kanpur Charu Wadhwa – Delhi School of Economics Pritesh Mittal – IIT Bombay Saurabh Baggaru – IIT Kanpur Shreeyank Samudre – VNIT Nagpur Ennovate India A social enterprise to flourish innovation and promote research in India
  2. 2. • Only 3.5 % of global research output • Ranked 66th in the Global Innovation Index and 119th in Science Citation Index • Only 2.9 % of total global expenditure • India contributes only 0.3 % of global patents • No Indian university in TOP 100 Global Universities • 6000 PhD. In science and 1000 in Engineering per year • Only 3-6 Patents per year granted to IITs as compared to 64 at Stanford Current Scenario 2 A comparative study of India and other leading countries, Nesta report on research and innovation, July 2012 India’s Immense Potential • Largest pool of Engineers and Doctors in the world who due to lack of proper utilization of their skills leave the country • Young Population to take advantage of demographic dividend and heading towards knowledge based economy • Great scope of innovation and research in agriculture, the backbone of Indian economy • From small innovations like better “Load lifting devices” to very useful “Hand Pumps which rises during floods” have potential of large scale commercialization • Cheap labor and expertise cost along with large talent pool can be very cost effective
  3. 3. Inclusive Innovation: “Be Flexible, Think Frugal, Generate Breakthrough Growth" 3 • Existing culture of improvisational innovation or ‘Jugaad’ driven by scarce resources in poor households & customers’ needs to be utilized effectively • Informal improvisation needs to be scaled up to a system based on frugal engineering geared towards Indian needs • Will drive disruptive innovations in sectors such as health, education, housing etc. to meet the needs of many • $2000 Tata Nano Car or the $2000 open-heart surgery at Narayana Hrudayalaya are the finest examples of innovation in India Best brains in the world are busy solving problems of the rich who do not have problems to solve Complex problems of the poor do not get the right talent. It is time to change this paradigm Need to focus on innovations that meet the need of people at the bottom of the pyramid Jugaad Constraints such as lack of electricity should not be taken as debilitating challenge but as an opportunity to innovate and overcome these constraints Beyond jugaad: Amazing inventions from India, IBN Live
  4. 4. Solution we seek 4 Solving crucial social problems technically Benefits of solution over existing institutions • One year fellowship program to promote innovation & research by providing resources to the people having passion for designing and technology • Providing affordable, locally appropriate and sustainable solutions to the most pressing social problems • Training enthusiasts & talented people to come up with solutions • Facilitating talented technologists with resources and facilities to pursue their passion • Commercializing low cost innovative products to subsequently boost economy • Utilizing traditional knowledge to create products • Promotion of entrepreneurship and rise in employment • Improving quality of life to solve problems using technology Feasibility & Replicability • Starting with one state, the solution, has the immense possibility of replication throughout India • Red-Tapism is least likely to impact the solution as it hardly depends on government support
  5. 5. Implementation Model 5 1. Recruitment a. Recruiters will search for the hidden talents in rural/ urban areas who are well versed of the problems faced in society b. Passion for the technology will be an important criteria for selection c. A total of 40 fellows will be selected 2. Training & Mentorship a. Two fellows will be allotted to one project b. Fellows will undergo a training program, to learn the concepts required in their respective projects c. Mentorship on projects will be provided by the area experts from academia and industry 4. Pilot Projects a. Pilot projects will be started once fellows are done with feasibility analysis b. NGOs & SMEs will help in pilot projects and large scale implementation 3. Product Design & Testing a. Fellows will design the products under the guidance of their mentors after literature review and research b. Once product is ready fellows will start testing and visit their respective areas to understand the feasibility of product The four process fellowship model aims to solve society problems by young & talented people who are passionate for technology & its real application
  6. 6. Fellow Recruitment The model aims to recruit 40 talented fellows to eradicate social problems via technology 6 Eligibility & Application Assessment Criteria Outreach to Applicants  All Indian Nationals  Anyone can apply within an age limit of 30 years  Fellow must have passed secondary when he/ she apply  Fellowship program should not conflict with fellow’s academic curriculum, if any • Diversity in terms of projects • Maximum area outreach across the state/ country • Grass-root level practical knowledge • Drive and Passion towards technical innovation • Online application form • College based exams • Social Media • Success stories for successive years • Word of mouth publicity
  7. 7. Strategic Alliances 7 NGOs • Identification of problems • NGOs with good social outreach to help in recruitment of fellows • Dissemination of products • Awareness programs & campaigns Research Institutions • Helps in conceptualizing the product designs • Support in terms of research facilities & labs • Expert guidance for research & innovation Private Companies • MNCs and national companies for product development • Funding for the selected projects • Investment in enterprise for specific programs R&D Labs • NIF and DST contribution in providing technological and outstanding traditional knowledge • Partnering Industrial Designing Centers to get their designing expertise on board SMEs • Local small and medium enterprises having maximum hold to rural market • Making products available to the beneficiaries “When you work for the society there is nothing like competition, no one is your competitor but all are your allies” - Anonymous
  8. 8. Institutional Structure Academia Experts Industry Experts NGO Members Supervisory BoardManagement Board Chief Operational Officer Chief Technical Officer Outreach Team Marketing Team On – Ground Team Strategic partnerships with R&D labs, Design labs, Govt. institutions, International organizations FTE : 2 Product marketing, Fund management, Detect further business opportunities FTE : 2 Coordination with potential SMEs, NGOs to implement ideas, Identification of problems to work upon FTE : 2 Recruitment Team Innovation Team Recruitment of local talents, strengthen the presence among youth FTE : 2 Train & guide fellows to make breakthrough innovations, handle intellectual property FTE : 3
  9. 9. Expense Requirement & Potential Sources The model will require around Rs. 1 Crore pa as funding from various governmental & private sectors 9 TotalAnnualExpenses Technical Expenses Human Capital Expenses Logistics Expenses Transportation Expenses Communication Expense Operational Expenses COO & CTO @ 8 lakhs pa 11 team members@ 4.5 lakhs pa Research Fellows: 40 @ Rs.10,000 pm Product Design & Fabrication Expense Research & Training Expense INR 65 lakhs INR 15 lakhs INR 20 lakhs INR 1 crore Government and Private funding agencies plays an important role in fund management. For the enterprise, potential organizations are: • Department of Science & Technology • National Foundation of India • ONGC Government Organizations • TATA • Infosys • Indian Tobacco Company Industries (CSR activities) • Ford Foundation • Bill & Mellinda Gates Foundation • Ashoka Fellowship International Organizations
  10. 10. 10 Impact Assessment Impact Intellectual Capital Sustainability Industries Economy Society Transforming Innovation • Focus on locally produced materials • Pro-environment technologies • Low cost alternatives to industries • Reach to rural market • Investment opportunities • Promotion of manufacturing business • Employment to unemployed • Best knowledge transfer • Economic well being of beneficiaries • Improving quality of life • Utilizing demographic dividend • Promoting SMEs • Contribution towards GDP • Platform for passionate innovators • Dissemination of products by local SMEs and NGOs • Pan-India network of innovators for mutual benefits • Innovation results in building intellectual resources • Patents/ Copyrights/ Trademarks • Research papers • Royalty given to researchers
  11. 11. 11 Challenges and Mitigation Factors Precautionary Measures Tie-ups with :  Media bodies to reach out to the real India i.e. villages  Best NGOs to bring ground reality & expertise  Industries to help in commercializing product Bringing expertise from:  Researchers by including professors from best institutes  Trainers to best train the fellows throwing language barrier away  Incubation in IITs/ social enterprise incubation centers
  12. 12. References 12 ” 1. Promoting Innovation in Developing countries: A Conceptual Framework- Jean-Eric Aubert, World Bank Institute 2. Bibliometric study of India's Scientific Publication Outputs during 2001-10- Evidence for changing trends, Department of Science & Technology 3. Innovation in India, National Knowledge Commission-2007 4. India's Rural Financial Ecosystem: Does it support pro-poor Innovation?- Lina Sonne, UNU Merit 5. Harvard business review “Use Jugaad to Innovate Faster, Cheaper, Better 6. Engineers for change newsletter, May, 2012 7. Nesta report on research and innovation, July 2012 8. Beyond jugaad: Amazing inventions from India, IBN Live