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Participatory approach towards hydrological and meteorological monitoring for improved rainwater management in the Blue Nile Basin of Ethiopian Highlands

Authors: Zemadim, Birhanu [IWMI]; McCartney, Matthew [IWMI]; Langan, Simon [IWMI]; Sharma, Bharat [IWMI]

Poster presented at the Mauritius Academy of Science and Technology (MAST), Ebene, Mauritius, 28-31 March 2012.

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Poster: Participatory approach towards hydrological and meteorological monitoring …

  1. 1. Participatory Approach Towards Hydrological and Meteorological Monitoring for Improved Rainwater Management in the Blue Nile Basin of Ethiopian Highlands Birhanu Zemadim1, Matthew McCartney1, Simon Langan1 and Bharat Sharma2 1International Water Management Institute (IWMI), East Africa and Nile Basin Office, Addis Ababa, EthiopiaW 2 IWMI, New Delhi, India, * E-mail of corresponding author b.zemadim@cgiar.org INTRODUCTIONA Monitoring of hydrological and meteorological variables from catchments is one of the major tasks in the field of hydrology and water resourcesT Observed hydrological and meteorological data are the basis for progress in hydrological science and practice High quality hydrological data are needed to support decision-making about rainwater management and water allocation, especially in relation to the spatial and temporal distribution of stream flows and upstream andE downstream dry season irrigation demandsR METHODS A watershed was chosen as an environmental unit to study and design an Integrated Rainwater Management System (IRMS) Soil moisture probes, automatic and manual water level gauges, a weather station, ordinary rain gauges and shallow ground water monitoring devices were installedC Factors considered: land use and land cover, topography, the drainage pattern, agronomic conditions, local climate patterns (based on indigenous knowledge), and equipment safety and accessibility RESULTSONFE Training local observersR Ground water monitoring CONCLUSION Recorded rainfall and GW data ACKNOWLEDGEMENTE The monitoring stations provide baseline information on hydrological processes Relevant stakeholders and communities were engaged in the Authors would like to thank CPWF for the financial support. We are also thankful to MoWE establishment of the networksN The participatory approach instill trust and goodwill amongst the community and contribute to the flow of knowledge between and NMA staff who greatly contributed to the establishment of equipments and offering standard data archiving protocols. National researchers and the communities and vice-versaC The three research catchments are probably the most sophisticated hydrological experimental monitoring networks universities (Ambo, Wollega and Bahir Dar) also deserve special thanks for their continuous engagement in the workE established in Ethiopia to date

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