Integrated Management
Ranajit Bandyopadhyay, IITA-Nigeria
Fen Beed, IITA-Tanzania
Peter Cotty, USDA-ARS
Kola Masha, Doreo ...
Elements of Integrated Management
• Awareness – entire range of value chain actors
• Advocacy – continental (PACA), region...
Agriculture Based Prevention of Aflatoxin-
related Food Security and Health Effects
• Pre-harvest
– Resistant cultivars, i...
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Resistant, High-Yielding Hybrids
334 396 400 488
800 809 816 956
5474 5671
6438
6...
5
Awareness and training
• Aflatoxin is a hidden problem
• Chemical analysis required
• Awareness is low
• Long incubation for expression of health...
Dr Akin Adesina
Policy Statement:
Honourable Minister of Agriculture, Nigeria
“All parties involved, led by IITA and
the g...
Strategic Plan to Drive Sustainability
Leverage Strong Regulatory Enforcement to Sustain Premium Market for Aflasafe maize...
Pilot Implementation
• Value chain-centric: Farmers’
interest as the foundation of the
action
• Action-oriented: Using pra...
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Markets for Aflasafe
Doreo Partner analysis
Poultry industry
Export-oriented aggr...
Poultry Feeding Study
$3,200 net
profit from
10,000 birds
in 8 weeks
www.iita.orgMycored Europe, 28 May, 2013A member of C...
Innovation Platform
• Platform meetings with
leadership and members of
Poultry Association of
Nigeria, feed manufacturers,...
Willingness to Pay
www.iita.orgMycored Europe, 28 May, 2013A member of CGIAR consortium
100%
99%
83%
60%
25%
19%
34%
31%
1...
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Aflasafe Plan & Plant
Capacity: 5 tons/hour
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Product Types
National
Products
Products ready for registration
Products under te...
Babban Gona Pilot
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
• Smallholder farmers’ cooperative with professional
management...
G-20 AgResults Aflasafe
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
• Pull mechanism – Aflasafe is one of the first three pil...
Likelihood of success
• Has the potential of reducing aflatoxin levels
by up to 95% or more
• Biocontrol by itself can red...
Partners• Who is, needs to be, involved to make this research get to
scale
Return on Investment
• Nigeria and Senegal major groundnut exporters in
1960s. Compliance has economic incentives
• Senega...
Punch Line
• Impact of aflatoxins have several development dimensions:
– post-harvest losses, nutrition, health, crops,
li...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Ranajit Bandyopadhyay, Fen Beed, Peter Cotty, Kola Masha "Integrated Management"

482 views

Published on

Science Forum 2013 (www.scienceforum13.org)
Breakout Session 4: Food Safety

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
482
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
16
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ranajit Bandyopadhyay, Fen Beed, Peter Cotty, Kola Masha "Integrated Management"

  1. 1. Integrated Management Ranajit Bandyopadhyay, IITA-Nigeria Fen Beed, IITA-Tanzania Peter Cotty, USDA-ARS Kola Masha, Doreo Partners Breakout Session 4 on Food Security Science Forum 2013 Nutrition and health outcomes: targets for agricultural research, 23‒25 September 2013, Bonn, Germany
  2. 2. Elements of Integrated Management • Awareness – entire range of value chain actors • Advocacy – continental (PACA), regional, national, investors • Technology • Training – farmers, transporters, traders, regulators, consumers • Policies – standards, harmonization, trade • Institutions – regulators, markets, testing, private sector • Trade / Markets – food/feed processors, poultry/fish industry • Public good – home consumption; urban and rural markets; WFP, HGSF
  3. 3. Agriculture Based Prevention of Aflatoxin- related Food Security and Health Effects • Pre-harvest – Resistant cultivars, if available – Biological control, e.g., aflasafe – Irrigation and water conservation practices • Post-harvest – Sorting – Insect control – Improved drying and storage – Food/feed processing methods – Alternative uses including blending
  4. 4. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Resistant, High-Yielding Hybrids 334 396 400 488 800 809 816 956 5474 5671 6438 6087 5685 7115 6040 5891 5743 5662 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 Hybrids Aflatoxin (ppb) Grain yield (kg/ha) Aflatoxin(ppb) Grainyield(kg/ha) Stability of field performance?Kernel Screening Assay
  5. 5. 5 Awareness and training
  6. 6. • Aflatoxin is a hidden problem • Chemical analysis required • Awareness is low • Long incubation for expression of health impacts • Regulations either non-existent or poorly enforced • Market does not usually discriminate • Demonstration of product value – health & income • Lack of biopesticide manufacturers • Too many components in integrated management – some are not special for aflatoxin management Risks / Challenges
  7. 7. Dr Akin Adesina Policy Statement: Honourable Minister of Agriculture, Nigeria “All parties involved, led by IITA and the government, have critical roles to ensure that Aflasafe treated food crops are successfully introduced into the market in the next 5 years”
  8. 8. Strategic Plan to Drive Sustainability Leverage Strong Regulatory Enforcement to Sustain Premium Market for Aflasafe maize 8 1 Year 2 3 4 5 PACA and Pull Mechanism Generate Supply of Cost Effective Low Aflatoxin Maize Enforce Regulatory Policy Enable Market Forces to Drive Sustainability Promote Health Awareness to Value Chain Actors Policy: Build Regulators Capacity Policy: Develop regulatory framework Policy: Phased in regulatory enforcement mechanism Market Forces Health Awareness: Farmer Focus Health Awareness: Industry Focus Health Awareness: End Consumer 1 2 3 4
  9. 9. Pilot Implementation • Value chain-centric: Farmers’ interest as the foundation of the action • Action-oriented: Using practical methods to actively solve problems, not just talking about ideas, plans, or theories • Innovation platform: problem solving through actors working regularly together to address issues and common challenges.
  10. 10. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Markets for Aflasafe Doreo Partner analysis Poultry industry Export-oriented aggregators Food processors Large commercial farmers Smallholder farmers Market based • Poultry feed • Premium food market AgResults (Incentive- cum-market based) Growth Enhancement Scheme? marketdemandfor Aflasafe • 60% maize consumed by farmers • 40% sold in the market
  11. 11. Poultry Feeding Study $3,200 net profit from 10,000 birds in 8 weeks www.iita.orgMycored Europe, 28 May, 2013A member of CGIAR consortium Aflasafe maize feed Toxic maize feed
  12. 12. Innovation Platform • Platform meetings with leadership and members of Poultry Association of Nigeria, feed manufacturers, maize aggregators, aflasafe farmers, vet professionals and regulators • Poultry farmers to buy all aflasafe maize at a negotiated premium • Agriculture ministry to fund NAFDAC to set up aflatoxin testing facilities in each state www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
  13. 13. Willingness to Pay www.iita.orgMycored Europe, 28 May, 2013A member of CGIAR consortium 100% 99% 83% 60% 25% 19% 34% 31% 18% 12% 5% 4% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% $0 $3 - $6 $6 -$9 $9 - $12 $12 - $15 $15 - $19 $20 Farmers who have used Aflasafe (n=246) Farmers who have not used Aflasafe (n=119) Target Farm Gate Price Range • All prior-users willing to pay; almost 50% non-users willing to pay • Prior-users willing to pay more than non-users Source: G. Okpachu & T. Abdoulaye Farm gate price: $15.6/ha
  14. 14. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Aflasafe Plan & Plant Capacity: 5 tons/hour
  15. 15. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Product Types National Products Products ready for registration Products under testing Strain development in progress Aflasafe-NigeriaTM Aflasafe-SenegalTM Aflasafe-KenyaTM etc… Aflasafe-WestTM Aflasafe-EastTM Aflasafe-SouthTM Regional Products Senegal Mali Burkina Ghana Nigeria Kenya Tanzania Mozambique Zambia
  16. 16. Babban Gona Pilot www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium • Smallholder farmers’ cooperative with professional management • Credit, inputs and technical services • Yield enhancing practices • Aflatoxin awareness • Aflasafe use • Aflatoxin testing – 100% met standard • Incentive for meeting aflatoxin standard • Warehousing • Output marketing – linking to market • Return profit after sale • Farmers keep part of the harvest for family use
  17. 17. G-20 AgResults Aflasafe www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium • Pull mechanism – Aflasafe is one of the first three pilots • Provides incentives after demonstrating adoption • Private sector driven, but focused on smallholder groups • Implementers provide credit, inputs and technical services to increase yield • Aflasafe purchased at cost to improve quality • Maize tested for aflasafe strains; if present in large frequency, the implementers incentivized with $18.75/ton maize • Implementers negotiate maize sale at premium • Project provides aflatoxin awareness, training of implementers, and identifies potential market linkages • Target: 200,000 ha in 4 years
  18. 18. Likelihood of success • Has the potential of reducing aflatoxin levels by up to 95% or more • Biocontrol by itself can reduce toxin levels by more than 80% • Other technical approaches can perform supportive functions BUT • Success will be determined how well policy and institutional frameworks are implemented
  19. 19. Partners• Who is, needs to be, involved to make this research get to scale
  20. 20. Return on Investment • Nigeria and Senegal major groundnut exporters in 1960s. Compliance has economic incentives • Senegal:. • Increased export volume and price differential would annually add $281 million value to groundnut export. • For confectionary groundnut, adherence to Good Management Practices would increase export value by US$ 45 million annually. • Best quality exported; poorer quality consumed domestically. • Biocontrol: ROI – 5 to 25 times for cancer reduction. 167,000 DALYs could be saved. • More work needed World Bank; Mbaye (2004) Peanut Maize Coffee Cocoa Groundnut Pyramids in Nigeria during 1960s Pyramids in Egypt?
  21. 21. Punch Line • Impact of aflatoxins have several development dimensions: – post-harvest losses, nutrition, health, crops, livestock, fish, trade, markets, policies, institutions and politics • Reduction of aflatoxin will improve human health, increase farm income, improve profitability of animal industries, increase regional and international trade, and reputation of African products in global markets

×