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What do
examiners
care about
most in
IELTS
Writing?
The examiners care about most the IELTS Writing is
Sentence structure.
A variety of sentence structure is the most
important factor in order to get a 7 or
higher for your grammar score in IELTS
Writing task 1.
In this presentation you will learn many
sentence structures useful for the IELTS
Writing task 1.
Two basic
sentence
structures.
1) Subject + verb + adverb
2) There is/was + adjective + noun
These constructions are based on the idea to change noun and adjective phrases
into verb and adverb to create a range of expressions, for example ‘a slight
increase’ to ‘increase slightly’.
It is important that you demonstrate a good control of grammar by using words
like increase, rise , fall sometimes as noun, and sometimes as verb.
How you can do that using the above two constructions, you will see in the next
few slides.
Two basic
sentence
structures.
(examples)
1) Subject + verb + adverb + time(optional)
The population increased
dramatically in 2005.
2) There was/is + adjective + noun + time
(optional)
There was/is a dramatic
increase in population in
2005.
Two basic
sentence
structures.
(examples)
1) Subject + verb + adverb
House prices rose slightly
between 1990 and 1995.
2) There was/is + adjective + noun
There was a slight rise in
house prices between 1990
and 1995.
Two basic
sentence
structures.
(examples)
1) Subject + verb + adverb
The average cost of living in
Japan fell by 7%.
2) There was/is + adjective + noun
There is a 7% fall in the
average cost of living in Japan.
Two basic
sentence
structures.
(examples)
1) Subject + verb + adverb
The number of road accidents in
London increased significantly in
2015.
2) There was/is + adjective + noun
There was a significant increase in
the number of road accidents in
London in 2015.
 Introductory clause + V(ing form) + numbers and time
Introductory clause + V(ing form) + numbers and time:
Introductory clause usually that includes some general analysis:
E.g.: ‘The house prices shown a rise in all three years….
E.g.: The house prices shown a rise in all five
years, increasing from 17.6% to 38% from 1995 to
2000c
(1) Another useful sentence structure is:
Introductory clause + V(ing form) + numbers and
time + where as, for additional comparison:
E.g.: Attendance of female students in UK universities
rose between 2006 and 2015, increasing by 20,000 over
the 9-year period, where as the number of male
students increased by 157,000 over the given period.
 Introductory clause + V(ing form) + numbers and time
 As / Whereas/ While X verb, Y verb (at the same time).
As / Whereas/ While X verb, Y verb (at the same time):
E.g.: While the cost of owning a home in Japan increased
dramatically from 60,000 US$ to 120,000 US$ in 2010, the
prices in Korea dropped to 64,000 US$ from 96,000 US$ at
the same time.
(2) Another useful sentence structure is:
Clause + followed by + Noun Phrase.
Clause, followed by + Noun Phrase:
E.g.: There was a substantial growth in the number
of factories in Japan from 16000 to 130,000 units in
2010, followed by a sharp decrease to 55,000 units
in 2015.
(3) Another useful sentence structure is:
 In comparison to/with X, which verb, Y verb.
In comparison to/with X, which verb, Y verb:
E.g.: In comparison with the cost of owning a home
in Japan, which witnessed a dramatic increase to
120,000US$ in 2010, the prices in Korea dropped to
12,000 at this time.
(4) Another useful sentence structure is:
Introductory clause + accounted for+ numbers and time:
The waste production in the developing counties accounted for
23% of the worldwide waste production during 2000-2010.
In 90s, agriculture accounted for 69% of the world's water
consumption.
 Introductory clause + accounted for+ numbers and time.
(5) Another useful sentence structure is:
Using ‘saw/witnessed/experienced' in writing task 1
In Britain, CD sales increased dramatically in the 1980s.
Look at the following sentence:
Britain experienced/witnessed a dramatic increase in CD sales in the 1980s.
The 1980s saw a dramatic increase in CD sales in Britain.
British shops saw/witnessed/experienced CD sales increase dramatically in the 1980s.
 Using ‘saw/witnessed/experienced' in writing task 1
(6) Another useful sentence structure is:
Using 'in terms of’
The chart(s) compare(s) + countries + in terms of + finish the sentence"
1.See these examples:
2.The pie charts show household spending patterns in the UK and New Zealand between 1980
and 2008.
3.The table shows the amounts of money spent by tourists in five different countries over a
period of two years.
Look at the following sentence with ‘in terms of’:
1. The pie charts compare the UK and New Zealand in terms of household spending patterns
between 1980 and 2008.
2. The table compares five different countries in terms of the amounts of money spent by
tourists over a period of two years.
 Using 'in terms of'
(7) Another useful sentence structure is:
Before and After:
Before reaching its peak of about 27% in 2040, the proportion of
the Japanese population aged 65 and over was 5% in 1940.
After climbing from 9% in 1940 to 15% in 1982, the percentage of
the US population who is older than 65 is expected to reach 23%
in 2040.
Before and After.
(8) Another useful sentence structure is:
A sentence that lists some related figures.
One easy way to describe the information on a graph or chart is by
writing a sentence that lists some related figures.
In school A, 30% of students chose to study languages, 40%
selected an art or music course, and 50% chose a science option.
In the year 2010, over 5 million people bought product A, around
7 million bought product B, and nearly 10 million consumers
purchased product C.
(9) Another useful sentence structure is:
Use 'respectively' at the end of a sentence
that compares two or three numbers:
Australia and Canada are the most environmentally
friendly of the fifteen countries, recycling around 60%
and 50% of their waste respectively.
Use of “respectively”
(10) Another useful sentence structure is:
See this example:
Projected growth in England's population is put at 5.9%, while
the predicted figures for Northern Ireland and Scotland are 4.2%
and 3.2%.
The populations of England, Northern Ireland and
Scotland are expected to grow by 5.9%, 4.2% and 3.2%
respectively.
Use of “respectively”
Dummy
subject ‘It’
As it can be seen from the graph…or
As it is shown in the graph…
instead of :
As can be seen from the graph. or
As is shown/illustrated by the table.
In task 1 always write following phases with
dummy subject ‘It’:
This is the end of this presentation.
for watching
Send us your feedback and suggestions on
info@ieltsbackup.com
For a complete IELTS training course
and practice.
Visit: www.ieltsbackup.com
Hi,
I have developed a systematic approach for all question types frequently
appearing in IELTS. Students who tired them in their IELTS exams have
received amazing results.
(Zafar Yar Khan)
Author and Publisher
If you need help in achieving your goals in IELTS,
write to me at info@ieltsbackup.com or visit
www.ieltsbackup.com
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IELTS Writing Task 1 - Useful sentence structures

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3. What do examiners care about most in IELTS Writing? The examiners care about most the IELTS Writing is Sentence structure. A variety of sentence structure is the most important factor in order to get a 7 or higher for your grammar score in IELTS Writing task 1. In this presentation you will learn many sentence structures useful for the IELTS Writing task 1.
  • 4. Two basic sentence structures. 1) Subject + verb + adverb 2) There is/was + adjective + noun These constructions are based on the idea to change noun and adjective phrases into verb and adverb to create a range of expressions, for example ‘a slight increase’ to ‘increase slightly’. It is important that you demonstrate a good control of grammar by using words like increase, rise , fall sometimes as noun, and sometimes as verb. How you can do that using the above two constructions, you will see in the next few slides.
  • 5. Two basic sentence structures. (examples) 1) Subject + verb + adverb + time(optional) The population increased dramatically in 2005. 2) There was/is + adjective + noun + time (optional) There was/is a dramatic increase in population in 2005.
  • 6. Two basic sentence structures. (examples) 1) Subject + verb + adverb House prices rose slightly between 1990 and 1995. 2) There was/is + adjective + noun There was a slight rise in house prices between 1990 and 1995.
  • 7. Two basic sentence structures. (examples) 1) Subject + verb + adverb The average cost of living in Japan fell by 7%. 2) There was/is + adjective + noun There is a 7% fall in the average cost of living in Japan.
  • 8. Two basic sentence structures. (examples) 1) Subject + verb + adverb The number of road accidents in London increased significantly in 2015. 2) There was/is + adjective + noun There was a significant increase in the number of road accidents in London in 2015.
  • 9.  Introductory clause + V(ing form) + numbers and time Introductory clause + V(ing form) + numbers and time: Introductory clause usually that includes some general analysis: E.g.: ‘The house prices shown a rise in all three years…. E.g.: The house prices shown a rise in all five years, increasing from 17.6% to 38% from 1995 to 2000c (1) Another useful sentence structure is:
  • 10. Introductory clause + V(ing form) + numbers and time + where as, for additional comparison: E.g.: Attendance of female students in UK universities rose between 2006 and 2015, increasing by 20,000 over the 9-year period, where as the number of male students increased by 157,000 over the given period.  Introductory clause + V(ing form) + numbers and time
  • 11.  As / Whereas/ While X verb, Y verb (at the same time). As / Whereas/ While X verb, Y verb (at the same time): E.g.: While the cost of owning a home in Japan increased dramatically from 60,000 US$ to 120,000 US$ in 2010, the prices in Korea dropped to 64,000 US$ from 96,000 US$ at the same time. (2) Another useful sentence structure is:
  • 12. Clause + followed by + Noun Phrase. Clause, followed by + Noun Phrase: E.g.: There was a substantial growth in the number of factories in Japan from 16000 to 130,000 units in 2010, followed by a sharp decrease to 55,000 units in 2015. (3) Another useful sentence structure is:
  • 13.  In comparison to/with X, which verb, Y verb. In comparison to/with X, which verb, Y verb: E.g.: In comparison with the cost of owning a home in Japan, which witnessed a dramatic increase to 120,000US$ in 2010, the prices in Korea dropped to 12,000 at this time. (4) Another useful sentence structure is:
  • 14. Introductory clause + accounted for+ numbers and time: The waste production in the developing counties accounted for 23% of the worldwide waste production during 2000-2010. In 90s, agriculture accounted for 69% of the world's water consumption.  Introductory clause + accounted for+ numbers and time. (5) Another useful sentence structure is:
  • 15. Using ‘saw/witnessed/experienced' in writing task 1 In Britain, CD sales increased dramatically in the 1980s. Look at the following sentence: Britain experienced/witnessed a dramatic increase in CD sales in the 1980s. The 1980s saw a dramatic increase in CD sales in Britain. British shops saw/witnessed/experienced CD sales increase dramatically in the 1980s.  Using ‘saw/witnessed/experienced' in writing task 1 (6) Another useful sentence structure is:
  • 16. Using 'in terms of’ The chart(s) compare(s) + countries + in terms of + finish the sentence" 1.See these examples: 2.The pie charts show household spending patterns in the UK and New Zealand between 1980 and 2008. 3.The table shows the amounts of money spent by tourists in five different countries over a period of two years. Look at the following sentence with ‘in terms of’: 1. The pie charts compare the UK and New Zealand in terms of household spending patterns between 1980 and 2008. 2. The table compares five different countries in terms of the amounts of money spent by tourists over a period of two years.  Using 'in terms of' (7) Another useful sentence structure is:
  • 17. Before and After: Before reaching its peak of about 27% in 2040, the proportion of the Japanese population aged 65 and over was 5% in 1940. After climbing from 9% in 1940 to 15% in 1982, the percentage of the US population who is older than 65 is expected to reach 23% in 2040. Before and After. (8) Another useful sentence structure is:
  • 18. A sentence that lists some related figures. One easy way to describe the information on a graph or chart is by writing a sentence that lists some related figures. In school A, 30% of students chose to study languages, 40% selected an art or music course, and 50% chose a science option. In the year 2010, over 5 million people bought product A, around 7 million bought product B, and nearly 10 million consumers purchased product C. (9) Another useful sentence structure is:
  • 19. Use 'respectively' at the end of a sentence that compares two or three numbers: Australia and Canada are the most environmentally friendly of the fifteen countries, recycling around 60% and 50% of their waste respectively. Use of “respectively” (10) Another useful sentence structure is:
  • 20. See this example: Projected growth in England's population is put at 5.9%, while the predicted figures for Northern Ireland and Scotland are 4.2% and 3.2%. The populations of England, Northern Ireland and Scotland are expected to grow by 5.9%, 4.2% and 3.2% respectively. Use of “respectively”
  • 21. Dummy subject ‘It’ As it can be seen from the graph…or As it is shown in the graph… instead of : As can be seen from the graph. or As is shown/illustrated by the table. In task 1 always write following phases with dummy subject ‘It’:
  • 22. This is the end of this presentation. for watching Send us your feedback and suggestions on info@ieltsbackup.com For a complete IELTS training course and practice. Visit: www.ieltsbackup.com
  • 23. Hi, I have developed a systematic approach for all question types frequently appearing in IELTS. Students who tired them in their IELTS exams have received amazing results. (Zafar Yar Khan) Author and Publisher If you need help in achieving your goals in IELTS, write to me at info@ieltsbackup.com or visit www.ieltsbackup.com and click on “IELTS Tuition”. I will contact you as soon as I can.