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IELTS Writing Task 1 Overview


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The IELTS Writing Task 1 challenges students to describe a line graph, bar chart, pie chart, table, map, or flow diagram. The line graph is the most common, so it features most prominently in this PPT. Check out for more IELTS writing guides and tips.

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IELTS Writing Task 1 Overview

  1. 1. An overviewIELTS WRITING TASK 1
  2. 2. This part of the IELTS exam is intended to test how well you can:  Organize your ideas  Respond appropriately to a task  Use a range of grammar and vocabulary with accuracy PURPOSE
  3. 3. You need to look at one of the following:  Table  Graph  Chart  Map  Process diagram And describe what you see. You must select and report the main features, making comparisons where necessary. WHAT YOU NEED TO DO
  4. 4. 150 This is the minimum number of words you should write, but don’t go too far over. 20 This is the recommended number of minutes you should spend on task 1.
  5. 5. What you might need to describe. EXAMPLES
  6. 6. Here is a sample task 1 question: EXAMPLE You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. The line graph below shows changes in the amount and type of fast food consumed by Australian teenagers from 1975 to 2000. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words.
  7. 7. Here is a sample line graph that accompanies the question: EXAMPLE
  8. 8.  The question will appear above.  The graph will appear below. EXAMPLE
  10. 10. Title Legend X and Y axis Lines Units Pay attention to the key features.
  11. 11. Pie charts: OTHER EXAMPLES
  12. 12. Bar charts: OTHER EXAMPLES
  13. 13. Maps: OTHER EXAMPLES
  14. 14. Process diagrams: OTHER EXAMPLES
  15. 15. Mixed: OTHER EXAMPLES
  16. 16. How to answer the question fully WHAT TO DO
  17. 17. You will always be required to describe what you see. You should:  Report the main features  Look for trends  Make comparisons Don’t:  Describe everything  Add anything extra TASK ACHIEVEMENT
  18. 18. The structure for task one is simple:  Introduction  Paraphrase the question  Describe the general trend  Paragraph 1  Describe some of the important data  Paragraph 2  Describe the rest of the important data STRUCTURE There are many ways to group the data. Pay attention to trends and categories.
  19. 19. What is important? Let’s look at an example: WHAT TO DESCRIBE Highs Lows Sharp Rises Falls
  20. 20. When you have identified the key features and trends, you need to choose which to include and prepare a structure. HOW TO DESCRIBE
  21. 21. To structure this, you could describe one line for each paragraph as there are only two lines. HOW TO DESCRIBE Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2
  22. 22. You should use appropriate language: HOW TO DESCRIBE Remember: adjective + noun (a sharp rise) (a steady fall) verb + adverb (rise sharply) (fall steadily)
  23. 23.  Line graphs are the most common, but pie charts, tables, and bar charts are also frequently included.  Maps and process diagrams are less common, but sometimes appear. Be prepared.  The language required for all of these is slightly different.  Always use formal language and avoid personal pronouns (I, you, we, she, etc). NOTES
  24. 24. Good luck with your IELTS Writing Task 1. Check out my IELTS website, which uses TED Talk videos to help you improve your IELTS score. THE END