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Wetlands Conservation: River Sosiani Rehabilitation Project

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Case Study presentation: Wetlands Conservation: River Sosiani Rehabilitation Project
Ms. Sally Kibos, RCE North Rift
11th Global RCE Conference
7-9 December, 2018
Cebu, the Philippines

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Wetlands Conservation: River Sosiani Rehabilitation Project

  1. 1. NORTH RIFT RCE , KENYA WETLANDS CONSERVATION: RIVER SOSIANI REHABILITATION PROJECT (SDG 15) IN UASIN GISHU COUNTY KENYA PRESENTED BY SALLY KIBOS COUNTY DIRECTOR OF ENVIRONMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY DURING THE 11TH RCE CONFERENCE CEBU, PHILIPPINES 7TH TO 8TH DECEMBER, 2018
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION River Sosiani is a sub-catchment of the larger River Nzoia basin which drains into Lake Victoria, the largest freshwater lake in Africa. River Sosiani has two tributaries; Rivers Elegerine and Endoroto that originate from Kaptagat forest. The catchment consists of weathered uasin gishu Phonolites which are basic rocks
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION CONT… The land use patterns at the catchment of river Sosiani are: forest and agricultural lands at the upper and mainly urban in the middle, Then the agricultural land before the confluence to form River Nzoia. See below the catchment display
  4. 4. HISTORICAL FEATURES OF THE ELDORET TOWN River Sosiani constitute a main feature in the landscape in the catchment. This attracted people to settle next to the river and over time this has transformed the natural environment into a town. 1st water supply on sosiani river was developed in 1928. Urbanization comes at a cost to rivers; for instance they have been degraded to enable development, carry waste, supply drinking water and facilitates industry.
  5. 5. CREATION OF NEMA
  6. 6. RIVER SOSIANI CATCHMENT
  7. 7. • Water Quality degradation : the increased run- off from impervious surfaces such as roads, roofs, gardens and contamination from industry discharges degrades water quality • Loss of ability to support life : the interference with the river course, riparian zones and habitats EFFECTS OF URBANIZATION
  8. 8. • Removal of riparian vegetation: reduces organic input Habitat complexity Increases riparian temperature Reduces river bank stability • Change in water quantity: Increased flow from surface run-off Reduced infiltration Increased frequency of floods EFFECTS OF URBANIZATION CONT…….
  9. 9. REHABILITATION ACTIVITIES The activities included the following:  Public participation/environment awareness billboards  Cleaning rivers through solid waste removal and management of effluent discharges  Removal of structures from the river and riparian zones, demarcation of riparian zone  Planting trees along the river  Regular inspections and law enforcement  Solid waste management  Relocation/rehabilitation of a dump site
  10. 10. • Pollution monitoring and control through: Mapping of point and non-point sources Identifying major anthropogenic activities Water sampling and analysis at various stations Identifying challenges in river rehabilitation Spot fencing of tree seedlings in areas prone to destruction REHABILITATION ACTIVITIES CONT.……..
  11. 11. The NEMA utilized the laws below towards rehabilitation of the Sosiani river: • Constitution of Kenya 2010 • EMCA CAP 387 Laws of Kenya • Waste Management Regulations, 2006 • Water Quality Regulations, 2006 • Wetlands, Riverbanks, Lakeshores and Sea shore Management regulations, 2009 • Water Act LAW ENFORCEMENT
  12. 12. • Over 3,000 youth benefited from employment • Riparian zone was demarcated to 30 meters along 20 kilometers • Mapped point and non-point sources of pollution • Pollution levels from solid and liquid waste reduced substantially • An old dump site was rehabilitated and planted with trees • Over 300,000 seedlings were planted with over 90% survival rate OUTCOMES OF THE REHABILITATION PROJECT
  13. 13. so are the laws a solution to our environmental problems? ………………………………………………………………………….. • We need to partner, we need to work together to safeguard our environment • We need to promote a change of mind of our citizens to start conserving the environment • We need to adopt technologies that protect and promote environmental conservation
  14. 14. CONCLUSION We SHOULD fall in LOVE again with our environment like our forefathers were.. We MUST think about our CHILDREN and what gift we shall pass to them We must then protect the environment for sustainable development through… ...partnership in educating, training, capacity building communities to embrace environmental conservation WHILE ACCEPTING ALTERNATIVE LIVELIHOODS
  15. 15. • Stakeholders networking • Stakeholders public education and awareness meetings • Creating alternative livelihoods • County Government of Uasin Gishu is in the process of developing a nature park along 4 kilometers of the rehabilitated site of the river • Private developers Downstream near Koromosho water fall are putting up tourist facilities • Private land owners fronting the river are appreciating the new look WAY FORWARD
  16. 16. PICTORIAL... …the GOOD and the BAD!
  17. 17. Sections of Sosiani River Rehabilitated
  18. 18. Nandi Park after rehabilitation
  19. 19. The Constitution of Kenya and the Environmental Management and Coordination Act CAP 387, not only grants every person in Kenya the right to a clean and healthy environment, but also the duty to safeguard and enhance the environment.
  20. 20. To Section 7 of the EMCA CAP 387 provided for the establishment of NEMA “to exercise general supervision and coordination over all matters relating to the environment and to be the principal instrument of government in the implementation of all policies relating to the environment” as provided
  21. 21. Kongoi Asante THANK YOU.
  22. 22. Suggestions/ Comments/ Questions REMEMBER: Our Environment, Our Life, Our Responsibility Mazingira yetu, uhai wetu, wajibu wetu.

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