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Life after PhD


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Life after PhD
Dr. Junichi Fujino (IGES)
2018 ProSPER.Net Young Researchers' School
6 March 2018

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Life after PhD

  1. 1. My Experience as System Engineer 1 Junichi FUJINO IGES/NIES March 6, 2017, Hayama
  2. 2. 2 • Grown up in Osaka • Sustainability (lifetime of oil) • Thermodynamics • Tokyo University/Electrical Engineering • Energy System/Simulation Analysis
  3. 3. 3 IPCC AR5 SYT Figure SPM.11 | Global greenhouse gas emissions (gigatonne of CO2-equivalent per year, GtCO2-eq/yr) in baseline and mitigation scenarios for different long-term concentration levels (a)
  4. 4. 4 Join NIES/AIM (Asia-Pacific Integrated Model) team in 2000 ■ Asia-Pacific Integrated Model (AIM) is a family of analytical models which are developed by research institutes in Japan. AIM contributes IPCC reports, discussion on climate change mitigation actions in Japan and Asian countries. ■ AIM can be regarded as “researchers network”, because AIM is developed and applied through collaboration with researchers in various countries. Example of AIM’s structure and output Model Researchers Network 21th AIM International Workshop
  5. 5. aimws_15/aimws_15.html
  6. 6. Japan LCS research project Japanese target: 25% cut by 2020 and 80% cut by 2050 Local LCS roadmap development for Shiga, Kyoto and Tsukuba International LCS research network Japan-UK -> LCS-RNet 6
  7. 7. 7 Research project on Japan Low-Carbon Society (LCS) scenarios development FY2004-2008 sponsored by Ministry of the Environment, Japan Join Japan LCS research project as Project Manager
  8. 8. 8 Vision A Vision B Vivid, Technology-driven Slow, Natural-oriented Urban/Personal Decentralized/Community Technology breakthrough Centralized production /recycle Self-sufficient Produce locally, consume locally Comfortable and Convenient Social and Cultural Values 2%/yr GDP per capita growth 1%/yr GDP per capita growth As for LCS visions, we prepared two different but likely future societies Akemi Imagawa
  9. 9. 9 17 10 23 9 3 43 4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 2000 2050A 2050B EnergyConsumption(Mtoe) Change of the number of households Change of service demand per household Change of energy demand per household Improvement of energy efficiency Electricity consumption H2 consumption Solar consumption Biomass consumption Gas consumption Oil consumption Energy consumption in 2000 Residential sector Energy demand reduction potential: 50% Change of the number of households: the number of households decrease both in scenario A and B Change of service demand per household: convenient lifestyle increases service demand per household Change of energy demand per household: high insulated dwellings, Home Energy Management System (HEMS) Improvement of energy efficiency: air conditioner, water heater, cooking stove, lighting and standby power Energy Efficiency Insulation system
  10. 10. 10 LCS is not only to avoid dangerous climate change, but also to… • Avoid energy resource battles by using resources in efficient ways • Develop many innovations to support global sustainable development • Build safe and sound society considering appropriate land-use and city planning • And our happy life! We need good systems to pledge people’s activity for LCS
  11. 11. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 CO2emissions[MtC] 80% in 2050 Contribute to Target Setting for COP15, 2009 Jump Step 25% in 2020 (incl. credit?) Hop Kyoto Protocol during 2008-2012 (Sink 3.8%, credit 1.6 %) Japan Japan Former Prime Minister Hatoyama 鳩山由紀夫 11
  12. 12. 12 -35 -42 -49 -34 -41 -49 58 78 97 -100 -50 0 50 100 ▲15% ▲20% ▲25% Cost(trillionyen) Additional Investment (‘11-’20 cumulative) Energy Reduction Costs (‘11-’20 cumulative) Energy Reduction Costs (‘21-’30 cumulative) Total investment required Gains from energy saving ■AIM/Enduse can also provide cost analysis of mitigation actions. ■Necessary investment for mitigation actions, priority for investments, and benefits of energy saving (reduction in energy cost) can be provided. Abatement Cost Curve Investment & Gains Enduse/CGE Application Based on Report on Mid-/Long-term Roadmap Case in Japan
  13. 13.  Discussion by Central Environment Council Roadmap Subcommittee (FY 2010) Committee of Ministers Task Force Meeting on Global Warming (October 2009 -) Re-estimation based on results of study by National Institute for Environmental Studies AIM Project Team (March 26, 2010) Prediction of measures introduced Japan Economy ModelJapan Economy Model Presented as a springboard for discussion Results of study Low-Carbon Society Scenario Analysis Models Global Warming Mitigation 2050 Project (FY 2004 - 2008) Asian Low-Carbon Society Project (2009 - 2013)  Council on Medium and Long-Term Roadmap for Global Warming Measures (FY 2009) • Central Environment Council Roadmap Subcommittee interviews • National dialogue • Public comment, etc.Opinions regarding estimates Draft proposal by Environment Minister - 25 % as compared to1990 levels Japan Economy Model Japan Economy Model Low-Carbon Society Scenario Analysis Models Japan Economy Model Re-estimation based on results of study by National Institute for Environmental Studies AIM Project Team (October 15, 2010) (December 21, 2010) Japan Economy Model Low-Carbon Society Scenario Analysis Models Japan Economy Model Results of study ケース設定 Full meeting Home and Building Working Group Automobile Working Group Urban Planning Working Group Rural Community Sub Working Group Energy Supply Working Group Consultation of new growth strategy, basic energy plan and other government plans relating to global warming measures - Macro-frame Working Group - Manufacturing Working Group - Home and Building Working Group - Automobile Working Group - Urban Planning Working Group - Land Use and Transportation Sub Working Group - District and Block Sub Working Group - Rural Community Sub Working Group - Energy Supply Working Group13 Relationship of Model Analyses in Medium and Long-Term Roadmap Study Re-estimation (July 29, 2010) 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. 15 15 Join Revival Plan Committee In Iitate Village (2011-2015), where about 6000 villagers were urged to escape from their own land.
  16. 16. Iskandar Malaysia Vision “Strong and Sustainable Metropolis of International Standing” JB CITY CENTRE NUSAJAYA WESTERN GATE DEVELOPMENT EASTERN GATE DEVELOPMENT SENAI-SKUDAI  At the heart of South East Asia and within minutes from Singapore  Strategically located at the cross roads of East-West trade lanes  Midway between the growing economy of China and India LCS scenario research (Low Carbon Society) by SATREPS (JST/JICA) scheme + 16
  17. 17. Low Carbon Society Blueprint for Iskandar Malaysia 2025 Action Names 1 Integrated Green Transportation 2 Green Industry 3 Low Carbon Urban Governance 4 Green Buildings & Construction 5 Green Energy System & Renewable Energy 6 Low Carbon Lifestyle 7 Community Engagement & Consensus Building 8 Walkable, Safe, Livable City Design 9 Smart Growth 10 Green and Blue Infrastructure & Rural Resources 11 Sustainable Waste Management 12 Clean Air Environment 12 action, 281 program17
  18. 18. Premier of Malaysia provided permission in the 13th IRDA Steering Committee to start the Iskandar Low Carbon Society planning (December 11th, 2012) Science to Action (Theory and Practice) Japanese experience on Low Carbon Scenarios & Roadmaps + Malaysian challenge on Implementation of Low Carbon Visions SATREPS 18
  19. 19. Kyoto ELC transfers to MalaysiaKyoto local newspaper May 2013 Mr. Isma, IRDA Mr. Toyota, Kiko Network Fujino 19
  20. 20. Join “Ecolife Challenge” @Suzaku Dai-hachi Primary school in Kyoto Field visit of Low Carbon Education/ESD best practices in Japan (Sep 2012) 20
  21. 21. 11th Nov, 2014, Malaysian New Strait Times 2014: 2nd year 21
  22. 22. 23 22 23 3years All primary schools 223
  23. 23. 19:27pm Dec 11th 2015 in Le Bourget, Paris 3:27am Dec 12th 2015 in Tokyo, Japan 23
  24. 24. Paris Agreement to me 2 degree/1.5 degree -> zero/minus emissions by 2100 Country needs to submit CCAP (climate change action plan) every 5 year and review process Role of Non-State Actors (Business + Local Governments) 24
  25. 25. 25 Policy dialogue in COP22 Researcher: Dr. Lam (ISPONRE) Policymaker: Dr. Ka, Ms. Huong (DONRE) Partners Official side event at COP22 Hai Phong
  26. 26. © ICLEI e.V./2017 COP23, Nov 2017 in Bonn 26
  27. 27. Discussions and Next Step Ismail Ibrahim Chief Executive, IRDA, Malaysia Ha Minh Chau Vice Manager, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Yuko Nishida Manager, Renewable Energy Institute, Japan Junichi Fujino Programme Director, City Taskforce, IGES, Japan Senior Researcher, NIES, Japan Nov 13th (Mon) 17:30-18:45 Prepare and organize NIES/ IGES/UTM/MHIR/E-konzal COP23 Japan Pavilion Side Event “Make Asian Cities as Low Carbon Champions - supporting city-to city collaboration among Japanese and Asian cities” 27
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  29. 29. Design for Actions with Philosophy 29