INCLUSIVE VOCATIONALEDUCATION –CHALLENGES AND POSSIBILITIES Hanna Ilola
School of Vocational Teacher Education Finnish Educational Structure and Teacher Education Special know-how and counseling, ESF-project How do we define inclusive education Inclusive education and Competences of Teachers Terms of Inclusiveness in a Vocational School Regional Strategy Supporting Inclusive Education
Teacher Education in Finland At academic universities general education At universities of applied sciences vocational and professional education and trainingFunded by the state.
Vocational teacher educationinstitutions in Finland Helsinki Hämeenlinna Jyväskylä Oulu Tampere
School of Vocational TeacherEducation in Tampere 260 student places: an extensive network of partners in Finland and abroad one of five vocational teacher education institutions in Finland we train professional educators , special needs educators and future specialists for universities of applied sciences, vocational schools and vocational adult education centres.
Admission requirements Vocational Teacher Education The applicant must have a relevant university degree (a master’s degree or a bachelor’s degree from a university of applied sciences) or the highest possible degree or diploma in a relevant field of training a minimum of three years of occupational experience in a field corresponding to the subject of teaching (teachers of vocational subjects) Special needs educator The applicant must have vocational teacher education a minimum of one year of teaching experience in a vocational school
Students admitted in 2010 inVocational Teacher Education Humanities and Education 3% 1% 7% Culture 10% 10% Social Sciences, Business and7% Administration 15% Natural Sciences Technology, Communication and Transport Natural Resources and the Environment 8% Social Services, Health and Sports 39% Tourism, Catering and Domestic Services Other Fields of Education Admitted: 300
About our programmes a 60-credit course students take the course while working multiform course progressive inquiry learning in vocational teacher education developing your own work and your school practices in special needs educator -programme
The multiform studies entail independent studies “reading-circles” web learning environment (Moodle) virtual learning class days in Tampere teaching practice supervision of work
Special needs educator 60 cr Premises of vocational special education 10 cr Organizing of support 20 cr Working as a special needs educator in a school 10 cr Working in networks 5 cr Special needs educator as an expert 10 cr Optional studies 5 cr
SNE in Basic EducationEach pupil of compulsory school age has the right to receive remedial instruction and special needs education when necessary. Special needs education (SNE) is also provided in pre-primary and upper secondary education and vocationla training. The objective is to support students and pupils in such a way that they have equal opportunities to complete their schooling according to their abilities alongside with their peers.Pupils with minor learning or adjustment difficulties receive part-time special needs education by a SNE teacher in conjunction with mainstream education.If a child cannot cope in mainstream education due to disability, illness, delayed development, emotional disorder or for other similar reasons, he or she is transferred to special needs education.In 2008, 47 300 children were admitted or transferred to special needs education, which is 8.4 % of all the pupils in basic education. The number of pupils in part-time special needs education was 126 300, which is 22.5 % of all the pupils in basic education.
SNE in Vocational Schools Vocational special needs education and training is designed for students who require special support with their studies due to disability, illness, delayed development or for some other reason. Special needs students are attended to using various pedagogical means and through student welfare services during their studies. The objective is to support their studies and help them qualify for an occupation. Instruction is planned and provided for both young people and adults, respecting each student’s individual needs as much as possible. An individual educational plan is always drawn up for each special needs student. The objectives of qualification-oriented upper secondary VET programmes may also be adjusted as required.
Special know-how andcounseling -project ESF-project Three aims: To start Special Needs Educator –programme in TAOKK To consult vocational schools in their developmental work with inclusive education To create models for regional work
Inclusive education Official target in Finland Policy or practices? Educational arrangements which garantee equal possibilities for studing to each person in same schools Stress on organizational conventions and practices in schools, not in limitations of an individual Supporting schools on their way to inclusive education
Terms of Inclusiveness Ideological change in school-climate Competences of teachers Competences of leaders New way of organizing work New way of leading Multiprofessionalism Teamwork, co-operation in different levels Working in networks
Competences of Teachers Pedagogical competence Recognizing the need of support Ability to analyze vocational working procesess Ability to individualize teaching and councelling Ability to diversify work-based learning environments Co-operational and networking competences Ability to work in teams, groups and networks Ability to work in multi-professional groups Ability to work together with working life to support students learning
Regional Strategy Made together with all vocational schools in the region (8), a process of two years Inclusive targets in all schools: In the region there is a modern and high-level educational supply for young people and adults who need special support The region is innovative developer of new methods All schools develop their organization and practices to be more inclusive Schools combine a network which is responsible for students with special needs In the region there is a multiprofessional network for specialists who support student on learning and employment SNE is part of employment procedures and economic life in the region and the aim is in employment of students