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William Shakespeare's play, Samuel Johnson wrote the
preface in which he displays classic critical form. He
wrote that Shakespeare's greatness lies in his style of
representation of the general human nature. His
characters are neither type of certain qualities nor are
they some particular persons of distinctive
Samual johnson explain Shakhspears excellencies has
likewise fault and faults sufficient to obscured and
overwhelm any other merit .
Three defect discussed Johnson :
1) Evil in the book or men
2) Time and place
3) plot are loose
About nature and Excellency.
First practice the modern practice were always about
glorifying and old degrading the modern. Johnson
says that critic of 18 century take everything that’s old
for granted where they doubt everything that is
Johnson says how deiced that whether piece of
literature good or not ?
Johnson says thousands of the book written about
Shakespeare plays, however if they only lasted for a
little while they failed.
Modern works are only for pleasure they are dialectic.
peoples taste could change because of time, fashion or
because people themselves have change.
Samuel Johnson was the first to acknowledge
Shakespeare part big not minor.
Johnson is subjective in the part of essay.
The aim of the poetry to teach and delighted.
Shakespeare poetry however sometimes delighted
without teaching. For example when Portia dressed up
as men attend trails and saved Antonio which wasn’t
morally accepted for a women to do so at that time.
Shakespeare wrote about Egypt , Italy and Denmark
etc . However we did find real different between the
character. Shakespeare good , but it is considered a
It was comic in his sense the character speak same
In his tragedies the more he tries to give us the weak in
the plot become for example in the hamlet the more
get into play you find the story isn't as strong as it was
In the narration of the all genres he used many words
to express simple idea.
To be conti……..
Shakespeare tragic heroes always a face gross end. For
example, when hamlet died with him.
The technical fault he neglected three unities.
Like , place ,time .action
Although his disregard to the time place , time and
A comedy often define as dramatic composition with
It is also define as the play aiming at the production of
the laughter, nothing but laughter.
Aristotle define comedy as : “ A imitation of the men
worse than average worse ever not regards as any and
any sort of the fault, but only regards one particular
kinds the ridiculous which is the species of though.
The ridiculous may be define not the productive of
pain or norm to other”
Comedy of Shakespeare
Shakespearean comedy in the words of Johnson and
The comedy is not satiric, it doesn’t conservative it is
creative, the way of it is that of imagination rather
then that the pure reason. The comedy is romantic not
only the sense that it doesn't observed the classical
rules of the dramatic composition.
“As you like it”
“twelfth night” it happy comedy. It is the mixture of
romance and comedy also includes reality.
“loves labor lost” it the comedy of dialogue.
Tragedies of the Shakespearean
Tragedy is the exploring of the man’s relation to the
force of evil in the worlds. It seeks for the answer to
cosmic problems. Much ad religion seeks them. It is a
production of the man’s desire to believe it a purposive
and ordered universe. Shakespeare tragic development
is treated accordingly as growth in moral vision. The
central moral theme shapes the various elements of
Central moral Elements of the
Deviation from the art of writing
According to Johnson that critical justice ,without
making any other demand in his favor , than that
which must be indulged to all human excellance; that
his virtue related with his failings:
Samuel johnson opinion regarding the three unities :
Johnson is the first English writer to express these
This is the most original idea that johnson came up
Johnson agreed with the unities of the action and
abject to the unities of time and place.
Johnson said that unities of time and place or not
important in history play. It is the example about a
battle it is the move to move to the hospital. By
definition history is about time, there fore it is the
impossible to have a one day history play.
Shakespeare in his tragedies and comedies followed
the unities of action.
Shakespeare disregard two unity time and place.