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Group 1:
Geriel Quides
Ryan Daganato
Satur Paras
Yan Pol Vallarta
Fina Maria Cura
Leonard Manuel
Joshua Juan
Jeremiah Castillo
Mitchell Grace Agtuca
Jaylie Ann Bulanadi
Johnlloyd Luis
Antonio Pigafetta
The First Voyager
Around The World
Antonio Pigafetta is a
famous traveller born in Vicenza
around 1490 and died in the
same city in 1534, who is also
known by the name of Antonio
Lombrado or Francisco Antonio
Pigafetta. The account of
Pigafetta is the single most
important source about the
voyage of circumnavigation,
despite its tendency to include
fabulous details.
3
Ferdinand Magellan (1480-
1521), the commander of the
first ships to attempt to sail
around the world. Magellan is a
Portuguese navigator and was
born in Portugal in 1480. In
1517, he went to Spain to see
the teenaged Spanish king, the
future Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V. He sought and
gained support for the first
voyage around the world.
4
In 1519, by then Spanish, Magellan set
out from Spain in command of a fleet of five
ships. His aim was to sail around the
southern tip of South America, even though it
was then not known if there was such route.
From there he aimed to make his first ever
journey across the Pacific Ocean to the
tremendously lucrative Spice Islands, before
completing his journey around the world by
returning to Spain.
5
The Age of Exploration
During 16th century, Spain and Portugal
explored the world’s seas and opened
worldwide oceanic trade routes. Large parts of
the New World became Spanish and
Portuguese colonies, and white the Portuguese
became the masters of Asia’ and Africa’s Indian
Ocean trade, the Spanish opened trade across
the Pacific Ocean, linking the Americas with
Asia.
6
Their Motivation
1. The Spice Islands is one of their motivation to
have different spices like nutmeg, mace,
cloves silk and other goods from China and
India things not found in Europe alternative
trade route to silk road; go by sea.
7
Silk Road- is an ancient network of trade routes,
formally established during the Han Dynasty of
China. The European explorer Marco Polo
traveled on these routes and describes them in
depth in his famous work.
Their Motivation
2. 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas that wanted to
divide Portugal and Spain.
8
Treaty of Tordesillas- Spain and Portugal
divided the New World by drawing a line in
the Atlantic Ocean, about 370 leagues west
of the Cape Verde Islands, then controlled by
Portugal. All land east of that line were
claimed by Portugal. All lands west of that
line were claimed by Spain.
9
Their Motivation
3. Spain: westward sea route to the Spices with
the proposal of a Portuguese navigator
Ferdinand Magellan.
10
Spice Island- also known as the Moluccas
are a small group of islands to the north-
east of Indonesia. They were known for
being the largest producers of mace,
nutmeg, cloves and pepper in the world.
11
Nutmeg Tree Clove Tree
Nutmeg Mace Cloves
The Five Ships That They Used
in the Navigation
12
Name of the Ship Captain
1. Trinidad (110 ton, 55 crew)
Ferdinand Magellan
(Portuguese), Captain General
of Trinidad
2. San Antonio (120 ton, 60
crew)
Juan de Cartageňa (Spanish),
Captain of San Antonio
3. Concepcion (90 ton, 45
crew)
Gaspar de Quesada
(Spanish), Captain of
Conception
4. Victoria (85 ton, 42 crew)
Luiz Mendoza (Spanish)
Captain of Victoria
5. Santiago (75 ton, 32 crew)
João Serrão (Portuguese),
Captain of Santiago
Other Persons Invlved
in the Navigation
13
✣ Juan Sebastian Elcano (Spanish),
Master
✣ Francisco Albo (Italian), Pilot
✣ Antonio Pigafetta (Italian), Scholar
✣ Crews: Portugal, Spain, Italy, Germany,
Belgium, Greece, England, France
Their Journey
Departure from Seville, they
had enough food for two
years provision; mostly wine
and hardtack (biscuit/ bread
thing) with some salted meat.
• Decent weather (mostly)
• They discovered the Canary
Islands and Cape Verde Islands.
• After 2 months, they reach Brazil.
14
Aug.-Sept. 1519,
Departing Spain
Oct.-Nov. 1519,
Atlantic Crossing
Dec. 1519-
Jan.1520, Rio de
Janeiro, South
• They arrived in December,
and repaired ships
• They encountered with
native and traded trinkets
for gold.
Their Journey
• Brutal winter storms slow
progress keen for any inlet
that might allow passage
around the world.
• Santiago was wrecked on
coast.
• Causes: Spanish paranoia of
Magellan; jealousy
• Mutineers: Juan de Cartagena,
Gaspar de Quesada, Luiz Mendoza
(executed, marooned).15
Feb.-Aug. 1520,
Winter in San Julian
April 1520,
Easter Mutiny
Magellan’s Addressing
Mutineers
16
Their Journey
• The Etymology of the world is unclear, but
Patagonia came to mean “Land of the Big
Feet”
• Magellan and his crew encountered with the
natives and it’s gone out that the natives are
very accommodating and friendly to them.
17
July 1520,
Patagonian Giant
Their Journey
“My comrades, at last we have triumphed! Our perils have
been great, our trials and hardships sore and many. But the
reward of all has come. The passage that conducts from the
Atlantic to the further ocean, that affords the nearest way
from Spain to the precious isles of the Moluccas, is found! It
is just before us; we shall pass through it, if God pleases to
still protect us, and shall sail into the ocean beyond”.
18
October 1520, Strait
of Magellan
19
Their Journey
• Sailors weary to travel, and they
are still unsure of whether to
continue on or return to Spain
(only 3 months provisions
remain).
• San Antonio returns to Spain.
• Weeks, months pass with no island
found famine and thirst overcome
many as provisions run low.
• They called the ocean as the “Sea
of Calmness” or Pacific.20
October 1520,
To Continue...?
Early 1521,
The Pacific
Their Journey
• 150 crew are remaining when
they arrives in Cebu
• They trade for gold with natives
as Fleet navigates Philippines
searching for Mocullas – Cebu.
• Magellan becomes involved in local
native affairs, believes he need to
spread Christianity.
• Battle involving rival/rebelling native
Lapu-Lapu of Mactan Islands.
• Magellan died in the Battle of Mactan.21
March 1521, the
Philippines, Cebu
April 1521,
Battle of Mactan
On Magellan, in Life
and Death
22
Their Journey
After Magellan dies, remaining Spaniards
flee – Vast confusion among survivors –
Serrano and Barboss voted new leaders;
killed shortly thereafter by poison,
enemies – Mendez, Espinosa, Elcano are
the new leaders of the navigation.
• Nearly a year of search, wandering
they found Moluccas Island.
• Concepcion is worm infested, burned
down due to lack of manpower.
23
May 1521,
Aftermath and
Escape
Nov. 1521,
Moluccas
Their Journey
• Laden with valuable spices, Trinidad and
Victoria leave for Spain.
• Trinidad damaged; stays behind for repair
Captured by Portuguese and later wrecked in
April 1521.
• Stay out of affairs; and concentrate on making it
back to Spain Avoid the Portuguese!
• May 22: Victoria passes the Cape of
Good Hope and enters Atlantic Ocean
Stormy Weather makes sailing north
difficult.
• July 9: Reaches Santiago, Cape Verde.
24
Nov. 1521,
Departing for Home
Dec.-May 1522,
Journey Home
Their Journey
Almost 3 years to the day after
starting, 19 survivors and 1 ship
return to Spain after
circumnavigating the world.
25
September 6, 1522,
Return to Seville
Endof TheirVoyage
AroundThe World
26
✣ All 19 survivors pray at
church for the miracle of
surviving
✣ News of the arrival of the
Victoria and her
successful voyage around
the world, spread rapidly,
and caused great
commotion.
✣ Reception with Emperor
Charles V of each survivor
given handsome pension.
Elcano’s
Recognition
Elcano given a coat-of-
arms, which displayed
on its shield some gold
nutmegs and cloves,
and an image of the
globe, with motto upon
it, “You were the first
to circumnavigate
me.”
27
Immediate
Reactions
28
End.

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Antonio Pigafetta

  • 1. Group 1: Geriel Quides Ryan Daganato Satur Paras Yan Pol Vallarta Fina Maria Cura Leonard Manuel Joshua Juan Jeremiah Castillo Mitchell Grace Agtuca Jaylie Ann Bulanadi Johnlloyd Luis
  • 2. Antonio Pigafetta The First Voyager Around The World
  • 3. Antonio Pigafetta is a famous traveller born in Vicenza around 1490 and died in the same city in 1534, who is also known by the name of Antonio Lombrado or Francisco Antonio Pigafetta. The account of Pigafetta is the single most important source about the voyage of circumnavigation, despite its tendency to include fabulous details. 3
  • 4. Ferdinand Magellan (1480- 1521), the commander of the first ships to attempt to sail around the world. Magellan is a Portuguese navigator and was born in Portugal in 1480. In 1517, he went to Spain to see the teenaged Spanish king, the future Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. He sought and gained support for the first voyage around the world. 4
  • 5. In 1519, by then Spanish, Magellan set out from Spain in command of a fleet of five ships. His aim was to sail around the southern tip of South America, even though it was then not known if there was such route. From there he aimed to make his first ever journey across the Pacific Ocean to the tremendously lucrative Spice Islands, before completing his journey around the world by returning to Spain. 5
  • 6. The Age of Exploration During 16th century, Spain and Portugal explored the world’s seas and opened worldwide oceanic trade routes. Large parts of the New World became Spanish and Portuguese colonies, and white the Portuguese became the masters of Asia’ and Africa’s Indian Ocean trade, the Spanish opened trade across the Pacific Ocean, linking the Americas with Asia. 6
  • 7. Their Motivation 1. The Spice Islands is one of their motivation to have different spices like nutmeg, mace, cloves silk and other goods from China and India things not found in Europe alternative trade route to silk road; go by sea. 7 Silk Road- is an ancient network of trade routes, formally established during the Han Dynasty of China. The European explorer Marco Polo traveled on these routes and describes them in depth in his famous work.
  • 8. Their Motivation 2. 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas that wanted to divide Portugal and Spain. 8 Treaty of Tordesillas- Spain and Portugal divided the New World by drawing a line in the Atlantic Ocean, about 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands, then controlled by Portugal. All land east of that line were claimed by Portugal. All lands west of that line were claimed by Spain.
  • 9. 9
  • 10. Their Motivation 3. Spain: westward sea route to the Spices with the proposal of a Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan. 10 Spice Island- also known as the Moluccas are a small group of islands to the north- east of Indonesia. They were known for being the largest producers of mace, nutmeg, cloves and pepper in the world.
  • 11. 11 Nutmeg Tree Clove Tree Nutmeg Mace Cloves
  • 12. The Five Ships That They Used in the Navigation 12 Name of the Ship Captain 1. Trinidad (110 ton, 55 crew) Ferdinand Magellan (Portuguese), Captain General of Trinidad 2. San Antonio (120 ton, 60 crew) Juan de Cartageňa (Spanish), Captain of San Antonio 3. Concepcion (90 ton, 45 crew) Gaspar de Quesada (Spanish), Captain of Conception 4. Victoria (85 ton, 42 crew) Luiz Mendoza (Spanish) Captain of Victoria 5. Santiago (75 ton, 32 crew) João Serrão (Portuguese), Captain of Santiago
  • 13. Other Persons Invlved in the Navigation 13 ✣ Juan Sebastian Elcano (Spanish), Master ✣ Francisco Albo (Italian), Pilot ✣ Antonio Pigafetta (Italian), Scholar ✣ Crews: Portugal, Spain, Italy, Germany, Belgium, Greece, England, France
  • 14. Their Journey Departure from Seville, they had enough food for two years provision; mostly wine and hardtack (biscuit/ bread thing) with some salted meat. • Decent weather (mostly) • They discovered the Canary Islands and Cape Verde Islands. • After 2 months, they reach Brazil. 14 Aug.-Sept. 1519, Departing Spain Oct.-Nov. 1519, Atlantic Crossing Dec. 1519- Jan.1520, Rio de Janeiro, South • They arrived in December, and repaired ships • They encountered with native and traded trinkets for gold.
  • 15. Their Journey • Brutal winter storms slow progress keen for any inlet that might allow passage around the world. • Santiago was wrecked on coast. • Causes: Spanish paranoia of Magellan; jealousy • Mutineers: Juan de Cartagena, Gaspar de Quesada, Luiz Mendoza (executed, marooned).15 Feb.-Aug. 1520, Winter in San Julian April 1520, Easter Mutiny
  • 17. Their Journey • The Etymology of the world is unclear, but Patagonia came to mean “Land of the Big Feet” • Magellan and his crew encountered with the natives and it’s gone out that the natives are very accommodating and friendly to them. 17 July 1520, Patagonian Giant
  • 18. Their Journey “My comrades, at last we have triumphed! Our perils have been great, our trials and hardships sore and many. But the reward of all has come. The passage that conducts from the Atlantic to the further ocean, that affords the nearest way from Spain to the precious isles of the Moluccas, is found! It is just before us; we shall pass through it, if God pleases to still protect us, and shall sail into the ocean beyond”. 18 October 1520, Strait of Magellan
  • 19. 19
  • 20. Their Journey • Sailors weary to travel, and they are still unsure of whether to continue on or return to Spain (only 3 months provisions remain). • San Antonio returns to Spain. • Weeks, months pass with no island found famine and thirst overcome many as provisions run low. • They called the ocean as the “Sea of Calmness” or Pacific.20 October 1520, To Continue...? Early 1521, The Pacific
  • 21. Their Journey • 150 crew are remaining when they arrives in Cebu • They trade for gold with natives as Fleet navigates Philippines searching for Mocullas – Cebu. • Magellan becomes involved in local native affairs, believes he need to spread Christianity. • Battle involving rival/rebelling native Lapu-Lapu of Mactan Islands. • Magellan died in the Battle of Mactan.21 March 1521, the Philippines, Cebu April 1521, Battle of Mactan
  • 22. On Magellan, in Life and Death 22
  • 23. Their Journey After Magellan dies, remaining Spaniards flee – Vast confusion among survivors – Serrano and Barboss voted new leaders; killed shortly thereafter by poison, enemies – Mendez, Espinosa, Elcano are the new leaders of the navigation. • Nearly a year of search, wandering they found Moluccas Island. • Concepcion is worm infested, burned down due to lack of manpower. 23 May 1521, Aftermath and Escape Nov. 1521, Moluccas
  • 24. Their Journey • Laden with valuable spices, Trinidad and Victoria leave for Spain. • Trinidad damaged; stays behind for repair Captured by Portuguese and later wrecked in April 1521. • Stay out of affairs; and concentrate on making it back to Spain Avoid the Portuguese! • May 22: Victoria passes the Cape of Good Hope and enters Atlantic Ocean Stormy Weather makes sailing north difficult. • July 9: Reaches Santiago, Cape Verde. 24 Nov. 1521, Departing for Home Dec.-May 1522, Journey Home
  • 25. Their Journey Almost 3 years to the day after starting, 19 survivors and 1 ship return to Spain after circumnavigating the world. 25 September 6, 1522, Return to Seville Endof TheirVoyage AroundThe World
  • 26. 26
  • 27. ✣ All 19 survivors pray at church for the miracle of surviving ✣ News of the arrival of the Victoria and her successful voyage around the world, spread rapidly, and caused great commotion. ✣ Reception with Emperor Charles V of each survivor given handsome pension. Elcano’s Recognition Elcano given a coat-of- arms, which displayed on its shield some gold nutmegs and cloves, and an image of the globe, with motto upon it, “You were the first to circumnavigate me.” 27 Immediate Reactions