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Investigation into reuse of OER for online language teaching


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Hélène Pulker's presentation of her PhD research at the 7th GO-GN Seminar in Delft, April 21-22, 2018.

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Investigation into reuse of OER for online language teaching

  1. 1. Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies Investigation into reuse of OER for online language teaching Hélène Pulker, GO-GN member OE Global Conference, Delft, The Netherlands 24-26 April 2018
  2. 2. Background • Educator and trainer in distance and online learning • Founder of a repository and creator of resources • Early interest in how resources were used and reused • Started research in OER reuse for online language teaching – EdD student at the Open University, UK
  3. 3. Overview • Problem statement • Aim of research • Methodology for data collection and analysis • Initial findings – 5 categories (work in progress) • Further questions to consider
  4. 4. Problem statement • Lack of evidence of how OER reuse and adaptation impact on teaching practices and teachers’ professional learning • Large-scale quantitative research on attitudes, beliefs and perceptions about OER rather than qualitative studies on adaptation
  5. 5. Aim of research • To explore activities that are taking place during reuse of materials created by others with the view to establish whether reuse has an impact on teaching practices in online language teaching – RQ1: what activities do teachers engage with when they search for and adapt the OER they choose to use? – RQ2: what do teachers learn about their own teaching beliefs and practices when they adapt OER? – RQ3: does adaptation of resources lead to change in teaching practices?
  6. 6. Methodology – data collection • A constructivist grounded theory approach to data collection and analysis – inductive inquiry (Charmaz, 2014) - Online questionnaire to all language teachers at the Open University (N=182) – to identify volunteers for interviews and to collect demographic data and information about participants’ reuse habits to inform and guide interviews and theoretical sampling during analysis - 17 semi-structured interviews online
  7. 7. Methodology – data analysis • Transcriptions of all interviews verbatim • Initial coding line by line using gerunds (-ing words) • Focused coding to create categories • Theoretical sampling • Constant comparative method • Triangulation (data to data with linguistic features)
  8. 8. Methodological choices
  9. 9. Methodological choices
  10. 10. Initial coding using gerunds
  11. 11. Focused coding
  12. 12. Constant comparative method Continuum between data collection and data analysis (based on Hennebo, 2009)
  13. 13. Initial findings: Getting inspiration
  14. 14. Initial findings: Reflecting
  15. 15. Initial findings: Re-appropriating
  16. 16. Initial findings: Re-appropriating Example of an adapted resource for a German beginners tutorial Original resource Adapted resource
  17. 17. Initial findings: Retaining
  18. 18. Initial findings: Learning and experimenting
  19. 19. Initial findings: Learning and experimenting Example of adaptation that may demonstrate a change in teaching approach Original resource Adapted resource
  20. 20. Initial findings: Grounded Theory Analysis (work in progress)
  21. 21. OER – transforming education? • Language teachers adapt OER but do not redistribute their adapted resources (similar findings to Beaven, 2013) • Language teachers reflect on their teaching practices while adapting resources and experimenting with students (Weller, et al., 2015) • Language teachers OER advocates and confident with the technology may change their teaching practices and beliefs about online teaching
  22. 22. Further questions… • Does it matter that teachers do not redistribute adapted OER into repositories? • Why do OER advocates want teachers to share and distribute OER? • Should OER be a tool for professional training or professional learning? • Does openness have to be online?
  23. 23. Thank you for your attention Any questions? @HelenePulker
  24. 24. Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies The Open University Walton Hall Milton Keynes MK7 6AA