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Renewables Country Profile - Russia

An overview of the renewable energy situation in Russia : current projects and projects to come.

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RENEWABLES OVERVIEW
RUSSIA
Russia is the 5th producer of renewables in the world
and the 4th electricity producer, with a production of
1063,8 TWh.
The country benefits from huge hydrocarbon
reserves that it uses to produce most of its electricity
(65,7%). Similarly, nuclear is an important part of the
electric mix since it represents almost 17% of it.
The renewables, thanks to the huge hydrocarbons
resources, count for 15% of the mix. Indeed, the
hydraulic power represents 99,6% of the renewable
mix of Russia.
When the production of hydroelectricity did not grow
in 10 years, the production of renewable electricity
rose in 2012, with the adoption of new governmental
policies in favor of green energy. Thus, the wind
power has experienced a significant increase of
66,7% between 2011 and 2012, compared to 8,9%
for the geothermal energy and 7,7% for biomass.
Russia makes very little use of solar energy, despite
a huge potential in particular in North Caucasus,
close to the Black Sea and Caspian Sea and in South
Siberia.
INSTALLED PROJECTS ?
The wind power represented 30 GW in 2012,
particularly due to the potential of pacific and arctic
coasts and of the great plains, in the center of the
country. There are currently 8 wind farms working
in Russia. They were developed at the end of the
90s and are located in Siberia, Far East Federal
District, in the steppes around the Volga and in
North Caucasus.
Furthermore, offshore wind farms were built in the
bay (particularly in Kislaya Mezen and Tougour).
The first biogas plant was installed in 2012 is the
region of Belgorod and is managed by the local
society Altenergo, producing 19,6 GWh of
electricity. The society announced it wanted to build
100 extra plants, with a total capacity of 230 MW
and more than 2 billion dollars of investment.
As for the reserves, biomass is a key source of
renewables in Russia. It is a growing market : in
2012, the production of wooden pellets rose by 50%
(1,5Mt) and the production of briquettes rose by
20% (03Mt).
However, this production is largely exported
towards Europe since Russia has almost no biomass
plant. Thus, in 2012, only 42 GW were installed in
CAPITALE : Moscow
POPULATION : 143,8 million inhabitants
PIB 2013 : 1861 billion dollars
ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION : 7517 KWh/inhabitant
ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION : 1050,4 TWh
hydro
fossil
nuclear
RES others
OVERVIEW OF THE ENERGETIC MIX
FINERGREEN| FINANCIAL ADVISOR FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECTS November 2015
the Belsoit region.
To diversify its energy mix and increase its share of
renewables, Russia launched, for the first time in
2013 and then in 2014, a call for « renewables »
projects.
Thus, in 2013, this government call for proposals
financed 710 MW of solar projects and 1 100 MW of
wind projects, to be constructed between 2014 and
2017. the year after, the solar sector won most of
the tender (496 MW against only 51 MW for wind
power and 20 MW for hydraulic power).
FUTURE PROJETS?
In 2010, the government launched the « Energy
saving and energy efficiency improvement by
2020 » program that defines the goals and
mechanisms to improve the energy efficiency and
develop the sources of renewable energy.
The program provides a 4,83 billion euro investment
in green energies until 2020.
In parallel, the Russian Energy Forecasting Agency
foresees a growing share of renewables : 63 GWh of
capacity installed and 238 GW produced in 2030.
The Federal Ministry of Energy, as for it, forecasts
massive construction for the different sources of
renewables : between 2015 and 2020, 6 000 MW of
wind power will be installed, 1 900 MW of solar, 1
906 MW of hydraulic, 560 MW of biomass and 320
MW of biogas.
SOLAR
The first Russian energy supplier RAO Vostok
announced its will to invest 240 million euros to
finance 176 projects of renewable energy for the
next 5 years. It will notably lead to the installation of
hybrid PV plants, for a total capacity of 43,1 MW. In
2015, a solar plant of 2,5 to 4 MW will be installed in
the region of Batagai, in the Arctic Circle.
When in Russia, 10 to 15 million people are not
FINERGREEN| FINANCIAL ADVISOR FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECTS November 2015
connected to the electric grid, in particular in remote
places in Siberia and the Far North of the country, the
Republic of Altai announced the development of an
hybrid PV plant, co-financed by the Russian
Federation and Hevel. The plant, currently under
construction, will be composed by solar panels and a
diesel generator and will enable to supply 30 to 40%
of the electricity of the neighboring villages.
Two PV plant, for a total capacity of 30 MW, are also
under construction in the region of Orenburg, and the
construction of two others, of 15 MW should begin
by the end of the year.
WIND
The construction of a wind farm started in 2014 in
Arkhangelsk, on the shore of the White Sea and
should see its production begin in 2016. the
investment of 354 million euros should offer a total
installed power of 150 to 200 MW, thanks to the
installation of 50 turbines. As the winds blow all year
long, at a medium speed of 7 feet per second in this
region of Russia, this wind farm should produce
enough electricity to supply more than 100 000
households of the region.
www.finergreen.fr
RENEWABLES OVERVIEW
RUSSIA

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Renewables Country Profile - Russia

  • 1. RENEWABLES OVERVIEW RUSSIA Russia is the 5th producer of renewables in the world and the 4th electricity producer, with a production of 1063,8 TWh. The country benefits from huge hydrocarbon reserves that it uses to produce most of its electricity (65,7%). Similarly, nuclear is an important part of the electric mix since it represents almost 17% of it. The renewables, thanks to the huge hydrocarbons resources, count for 15% of the mix. Indeed, the hydraulic power represents 99,6% of the renewable mix of Russia. When the production of hydroelectricity did not grow in 10 years, the production of renewable electricity rose in 2012, with the adoption of new governmental policies in favor of green energy. Thus, the wind power has experienced a significant increase of 66,7% between 2011 and 2012, compared to 8,9% for the geothermal energy and 7,7% for biomass. Russia makes very little use of solar energy, despite a huge potential in particular in North Caucasus, close to the Black Sea and Caspian Sea and in South Siberia. INSTALLED PROJECTS ? The wind power represented 30 GW in 2012, particularly due to the potential of pacific and arctic coasts and of the great plains, in the center of the country. There are currently 8 wind farms working in Russia. They were developed at the end of the 90s and are located in Siberia, Far East Federal District, in the steppes around the Volga and in North Caucasus. Furthermore, offshore wind farms were built in the bay (particularly in Kislaya Mezen and Tougour). The first biogas plant was installed in 2012 is the region of Belgorod and is managed by the local society Altenergo, producing 19,6 GWh of electricity. The society announced it wanted to build 100 extra plants, with a total capacity of 230 MW and more than 2 billion dollars of investment. As for the reserves, biomass is a key source of renewables in Russia. It is a growing market : in 2012, the production of wooden pellets rose by 50% (1,5Mt) and the production of briquettes rose by 20% (03Mt). However, this production is largely exported towards Europe since Russia has almost no biomass plant. Thus, in 2012, only 42 GW were installed in CAPITALE : Moscow POPULATION : 143,8 million inhabitants PIB 2013 : 1861 billion dollars ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION : 7517 KWh/inhabitant ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION : 1050,4 TWh hydro fossil nuclear RES others OVERVIEW OF THE ENERGETIC MIX FINERGREEN| FINANCIAL ADVISOR FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECTS November 2015
  • 2. the Belsoit region. To diversify its energy mix and increase its share of renewables, Russia launched, for the first time in 2013 and then in 2014, a call for « renewables » projects. Thus, in 2013, this government call for proposals financed 710 MW of solar projects and 1 100 MW of wind projects, to be constructed between 2014 and 2017. the year after, the solar sector won most of the tender (496 MW against only 51 MW for wind power and 20 MW for hydraulic power). FUTURE PROJETS? In 2010, the government launched the « Energy saving and energy efficiency improvement by 2020 » program that defines the goals and mechanisms to improve the energy efficiency and develop the sources of renewable energy. The program provides a 4,83 billion euro investment in green energies until 2020. In parallel, the Russian Energy Forecasting Agency foresees a growing share of renewables : 63 GWh of capacity installed and 238 GW produced in 2030. The Federal Ministry of Energy, as for it, forecasts massive construction for the different sources of renewables : between 2015 and 2020, 6 000 MW of wind power will be installed, 1 900 MW of solar, 1 906 MW of hydraulic, 560 MW of biomass and 320 MW of biogas. SOLAR The first Russian energy supplier RAO Vostok announced its will to invest 240 million euros to finance 176 projects of renewable energy for the next 5 years. It will notably lead to the installation of hybrid PV plants, for a total capacity of 43,1 MW. In 2015, a solar plant of 2,5 to 4 MW will be installed in the region of Batagai, in the Arctic Circle. When in Russia, 10 to 15 million people are not FINERGREEN| FINANCIAL ADVISOR FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECTS November 2015 connected to the electric grid, in particular in remote places in Siberia and the Far North of the country, the Republic of Altai announced the development of an hybrid PV plant, co-financed by the Russian Federation and Hevel. The plant, currently under construction, will be composed by solar panels and a diesel generator and will enable to supply 30 to 40% of the electricity of the neighboring villages. Two PV plant, for a total capacity of 30 MW, are also under construction in the region of Orenburg, and the construction of two others, of 15 MW should begin by the end of the year. WIND The construction of a wind farm started in 2014 in Arkhangelsk, on the shore of the White Sea and should see its production begin in 2016. the investment of 354 million euros should offer a total installed power of 150 to 200 MW, thanks to the installation of 50 turbines. As the winds blow all year long, at a medium speed of 7 feet per second in this region of Russia, this wind farm should produce enough electricity to supply more than 100 000 households of the region. www.finergreen.fr RENEWABLES OVERVIEW RUSSIA