IHA Congress 2011 - Session 8c - Rasim Khazkiakmetov
The major hydropower developments and trends in Russia <br />June 2011<br />
Russian “green energy” potential –global instrument for mitigating <br />the consequences of climate change<br />Russian commercial hydro-potential - about 10% of the global potential<br />Global commercial hydro-potential - 8 576 tWh/year<br />European part – about 50% of hydro developed<br />Siberia – about 20% of hydro developed<br />Far East – about 3% of hydro developed<br />Russia<br />Geographical localisation of Russia’s RES potential:<br />Hydro-power - total 852 tWh/yr<br />Wind –total 0.1 tWh/yr<br />Geothermal –total 1 tWh/yr<br />Tidal –total 250 tWh/yr<br />2<br />
Russia’s Power Sector Overview<br /><ul><li>The Russian power sector is unbundled and now consists of:
large power producers (corporations, most shares are traded);
high-voltage transmission company (state-owned);
Electricity price in Russia is sum of Wholesale Electricity Market price and transmittion&distribution tariffs regulated by Federal Regulatory Commission. Currently, WEM price is about 5 US ¢, end-consumer price is 8-10 US ¢ per kWh
Electricity consumption in Russia is currently less than peak demand in 1990s which is due to decline of heavy industry production and row materials exports after Soviet Union collapse and series of Global economic crisis from late 90th until 2008th financial disaster
The Russian power system has installed capacity of 214,8 GW with annual production of electricity 1004,7 GWh and consumption 988,8 GWh in 2010.</li></ul>Largest hydroelectricity producers (2009), GWh<br />Electricity generation (2010), GWh<br />Installed capacity ( Hydro, 2010), MW<br />Electricity generation structure, 2008-2010, %<br />3<br />
Key Achievements and Events in 2010<br />Restoration of 2560 MW at the Sayano-Shushenskaya HPP<br />Government decreed to transfer 40% stake in Irkutskenergo, 5 dams in Siberia and other hydro assets to RusHydro<br />Project financing for completion of JV project with RUSAL (HPP + Aluminum smelter construction) secured from state-owned VEB<br />Acquisition of a 100% stake in Moscow Hydroproject institute as part of expanding engineering and R&D capability<br />Acquisition of a blocking stake in Krasnoyarsk HPP completed<br />Acquisition of 7 hydropower plants (561 MW) of Sevan-Hrazdan cascade in Armenia <br />Acquisition of a blocking stake in JSC BureyaGESstroy, hydroelectric facilities general contractor in the Far East<br />The construction of Zagorskaya pumped storage plant No. 2 has been 50% complete<br />All hydro-units of Kashkhatau HPP put into commercial operation<br />5<br />
Key goals for hydropower developments and inter-state cooperation in 2011-2012<br />to increase RusHudro’s presence abroad up to 5000 MW<br />to develop inter Governmental technical regulation package (in the framework of Custom Union of former Soviet Countries)<br />to investigate opportunities for hydropower exports expansion in Europe and China<br />to investigate opportunities for hydropower developments in Central Asian countries (Tadgikistan, Kyrgizistan)<br />to investigate opportunities to develop oceanic hydropower potential (Mezen tidal PP, Russian seacoast of the Arctic Ocean)<br />6<br />
Production results mainly driven by:<br />Production Update: 1Q 2011 Results<br /><ul><li>Continuing restoration of Sayano-Shushenskaya HPP (4 restored units in operation in 1Q 2011 vs. 1 as of the end of February and 1 as of the end of March in 1Q 2010).
1Q 2011 production results were largely affected by unprecedented draught of 2010
Restoration of Sayano-Shushenskaya HPP:Plan for 2011<br />The plan for delivery of large-sized equipment to the plant includes:<br /><ul><li>shipment through Northern Sea Route;
shipment up the Enisei river through Krasnoyarskaya HPP to the Mainskaya HPP
transportation to the construction site via a newly built road
The new phase in HPP restoration launched in 2011
During the next year 3 new hydro-turbines will be delivered to plant
First new hydro-unit will be connected to the grid</li></ul>8<br />
Acquisition of Sevan-Hrazdan HPPs<br />Sevan HPP<br />Hrazdan HPP<br />Lake Sevan<br />Arzni HPP<br />Kanaker HPP<br />Argel HPP<br />Yerevan<br />Yerevan HPP-1<br />Yerevan HPP-3<br />Kanaker HPP<br />In March 2011, RusHydro acquired Sevan-Hrazdan cascade from Inter RAO.<br />9<br />
Sevan-Hrazdan Hydropower Plants Overview<br /><ul><li>The most powerful cascade of HPPs in Armenia. Potential maximum output – ca. 2 TWh p.a.
Currently, accounts for 9-10% of total electricity generation in Armenia.
The increase in production will depend on the rise of water level of lake Sevan, ensuing increase of irrigation discharges from the lake, planned maintenance CAPEX. In recent years, the lake has been rising 40-45 cm annually.</li></ul>Sevan-Hrazdan HPPs generation & output, 2006-2010<br />10<br />
Armenia’s Power Sector Overview<br /><ul><li>The Armenian power sector is unbundled and now consists of:
individual power producers, most of which are privately owned;
single distribution company (100% owned by Inter RAO UES);
high-voltage transmission company (state-owned);
Electricity prices in Armenia are regulated by Public Service Regulatory Commission. Currently, end-consumer price for households is ca. 8 US ¢ per kWh at daytime and 5.3 US ¢ at night time; industrialconsumerspay from 4.3 to 5.3 US ¢ at daytime .
Electricity consumption in Armenia is currently less than ½ of peak demand in 1980s which is due to decline of industry, tariff increases, reduced losses and expansion of the gas network. In 2003-2008, Armenian economy has recovered, power consumption increased 3.3% p.a. 2009 saw a decline in demand on the back of lower industrial consumption, while 2010 again signals of recovery.
The Armenian power system has ca. 1.3GW of power exchange capability with the neighboring Georgia, Iran and Turkey as well as with Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.</li></ul>Electricity generation (2009)<br />Electricity consumption (2009), MW<br />Installed capacity (2010), MW<br />Electricity generation, 2008-2010, TWh<br />11<br />