Basic Spanish | Lesson 17 | Asking and telling time in Spanish!

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Culturealley.com/spanish : Learn Spanish for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This lesson covers asking and telling time in Spanish, phrases like 'What time is it?', 'It's two o clock', 'It's 6 am' and many more.To study this at your own pace, take quizzes and explore more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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Basic Spanish | Lesson 17 | Asking and telling time in Spanish!

  1. 1. What time is it? ¿Qué hora es? Lesson 16 | Learn to express time It’s two o’clock Son las dos
  2. 2. ¡Hola! Lesson 17 on Basic Spanish!
  3. 3. Number Spanish Number Spanish 1 Uno/a 11 Once 2 Dos 12 Doce 3 Tres 13 Trece 4 Cuatro 14 Catorce 5 Cinco 15 Quince 6 Seis 16 Dieciséis 7 Siete 17 Diecisiete 8 Ocho 18 Dieciocho 9 Nueve 19 Diecinueve 10 Diez Revision: Basic numbers – 1-19
  4. 4. Number Spanish Number Spanish 20 Veinte 1 Uno/a 21 Veintiuno/a 2 Dos 22 Veintidós 3 Tres 23 Veintitrés 4 Cuatro 24 Veinticuatro 5 Cinco 25 Veinticinco 6 Seis 26 Veintiséis 7 Siete 27 Veintisiete 8 Ocho 28 Veintiocho 9 Nueve 29 Veintinueve Revision: Basic numbers – 20-29
  5. 5. Revision: Basic numbers - 30-99 Number Spanish 30 Treinta 40 Cuarenta 50 Cincuenta 60 Sesenta 70 Setenta 80 Ochenta 90 Noventa
  6. 6. Number Spanish Number Spanish 1 Uno/a 31 Treinta y uno 2 Dos 42 Cuarenta y dos 3 Tres 53 Cincuenta y tres 4 Cuatro 64 Sesenta y cuatro 5 Cinco 75 Setenta y cinco 6 Seis 86 Ochenta y seis 7 Siete 97 Noventa y siete 8 Ocho 98 Noventa y ocho 9 Nueve 99 Noventa y nueve Revision: Basic numbers - 30-99
  7. 7. 1 Asking and telling time Lesson objectives
  8. 8. Today we will learn how to ask and tell time in Spanish! What’s in store today?
  9. 9. The time of day
  10. 10. Time Hora The time of day
  11. 11. Time is often referred to as ‘Hora’ ‘Hora’ also means ‘hour’ Grammar tip
  12. 12. Now let's learn how to say 'time of the day' The time of the day
  13. 13. Of = De The (masculine) = El Of the = De el = Del (contracted) When 'De/ of' and 'El/ the' (masc.) come together, they are contracted or joined together to form a single word 'Del' Grammar tip
  14. 14. Of = De The (masculine) = El Of the = De el = Del (contracted) Day = Día Hence, Of the day = Del día Grammar tip
  15. 15. Time Hora The time of the day La hora del día Of the = de el = del (contracted) The time of day
  16. 16. Asking time What time is it? ¿Qué hora es? 'It' = pronoun is omitted
  17. 17. ¿Qué hora es? You may question the use of 'ser' (es) vs. 'estar' in this expression... This is an exception to the use of 'ser' Even though asking and telling time refer to a temporary situation, we always use 'ser' Grammar tip
  18. 18. Now that you know how to ask what time it is, let’s learn how to tell what time it is Telling time
  19. 19. The basic way of telling time is to use the singular form of ser (‘to-be’), which is es, for one o'clock and the plural form, son, for other times; followed by feminine form of ‘the’; and then the number which represents the time Form of ser + feminine form the + number Telling time
  20. 20. For telling time we always use the feminine form of the definite article ‘the’ We use singular form ‘la’ with ‘one o’clock’ and plural form ‘las’ with other times Telling time
  21. 21. 1:00 It’s one o’clock Es la una Telling time ‘It’ is not translated Una = one (feminine)
  22. 22. 1 o'clock = Es la una Form of ser (es) + feminine form of the (la) + number (una) Did you get the structure right?
  23. 23. 2:00 It’s two o’clock Son las dos Telling time ‘It’ is not translated
  24. 24. Even though in English we say 'It's one o'clock' or 'It's two o'clock' in Spanish it literally translates to 'Is the one' or 'Are the two' Grammar tip
  25. 25. To tell time: Is/ are (‘es’ or ‘son’) + la/las + number So remember!
  26. 26. Es la = Is the (with singular - i.e. one) Son las = Are the (with plural) So remember!
  27. 27. Number Spanish It's 1 o'clock Es la una It's 2 o'clock Son las dos Let's revise!
  28. 28. To start telling time, you will need to build your vocabulary and learn basic numbers Moving on…
  29. 29. Number Spanish 0 Cero 1 Uno/a 2 Dos 3 Tres 4 Cuatro 5 Cinco 6 Seis 7 Siete 8 Ocho 9 Nueve 10 Diez Basic numbers : 0-10
  30. 30. Uno is shortened to ‘un’ when it immediately precedes a masculine noun Un and Una are used as indefinite articles The indefinite article ‘a’ has the masculine form as ‘un’ and feminine form as ‘una’ Eg: Un perro – A (male) dog Grammar note
  31. 31. 1 2 3 4:00 It’s 4 o’clock Try yourself Es la cuatro Son las cuatro Son la cuatro
  32. 32. 1 2 3 4:00 It’s 4 o’clock Solution Es la cuatro Son las cuatro Son la cuatro
  33. 33. 1 2 3 6:00 It’s 6 o’clock Try yourself Son las cinco Son las seis Son las seite
  34. 34. 1 2 3 6:00 It’s 6 o’clock Solution Son las cinco Son las seis Son las seite
  35. 35. The numbers might seem overwhelming right now, but you will learn as we practice... Let’s now try some examples for telling time along with adding a.m. and p.m.! Alright, let’s practice
  36. 36. a.m. = de la mañana p.m. = de la tarde / de la noche De la literally means ‘of the’ de la mañana = of the morning de la tarde = of the afternoon de la noche = of the night A.M. and P.M.
  37. 37. Morning is usually till lunch time (~2 P.M.) Afternoon is counted from lunch time (~2 P.M.) till about 7 P.M. post which one can start saying ‘de la noche’ Culturally speaking
  38. 38. It's 6:00 a.m. Son las seis de la mañana Telling time Literally : Are the 6 of the morning
  39. 39. It's 7:00 a.m. Son las siete de la mañana Telling time Literally : Are the 7 of the morning
  40. 40. It's 3:00 p.m. Son las tres de la tarde Telling time Literally : Are the 3 of the afternoon
  41. 41. It's 8:00 p.m. Son las ocho de la noche Telling time Literally : Are the 8 of the night
  42. 42. Number Spanish It’s 1 a.m. Es la una de la manaña It’s 2 p.m. Son las dos de la tarde It's 8 p.m. Son las dos de la noche Let's revise!
  43. 43. Now we know how to tell time, but what if we have to say 'it is 2:15' or 'it is 3:45'? We will need to learn more numbers so we can talk about minutes as well If you understand numbers from 0-29, rest can all be derived from them Moving on…
  44. 44. While telling time in English, we often say: 2:15 =15 mins past two – this is called after the hour, as some minutes have passed after two 3:45 = 15 mins to four – this is called before the hour, as there are some minutes to four Before and after the hour
  45. 45. In Spanish, we will follow the same pattern For after the hour : we will use the particle ‘y’ (meaning : and) For before the hour : we will use the particle ‘menos’ (meaning : minus/ less) Before and after the hour
  46. 46. If we use the pattern of after and before the hour, we basically only need to know numbers from 0-29, so let’s look at the remaining numbers Before and after the hour
  47. 47. Number Spanish 11 Once 12 Doce 13 Trece 14 Catorce 15 Quince 16 Dieciséis 17 Diecisiete 18 Dieciocho 19 Diecinueve Basic numbers – 11-19
  48. 48. Number Spanish 20 Viente 21 Veintiuno/a 22 Veintidós 23 Veintitrés 24 Veinticuatro 25 Veinticinco 26 Veintiséis 27 Veintisiete 28 Veintiocho 29 Veintinueve Basic numbers – 20-29
  49. 49. Let’s try 2:15 It literally means ‘two and 15’ Telling time
  50. 50. 2:15 It’s 2:15 Son las dos y quince Telling time 15 = Quince Literally ‘(It) is the two and fifteen’
  51. 51. 15 is also equal to ‘one fourth’ or ‘quarter’ of an hour Quarter = Cuarto Hence, 2:15 is more commonly translated as 2:15 = son las dos y cuarto Meaning ‘(it) is the two and quarter’ Grammar tip
  52. 52. son las dos y cuarto Please note that Quarter = Cuarto (notice the similarity of spellings) while Four = Cuatro Grammar tip
  53. 53. For time after the hour, we use ‘y’ If you want to additionally say a.m. and p.m. you may add de la manaña or de la tarde/noche after telling the time Do you remember?
  54. 54. 2:15 It’s 2:15 a.m. Son las dos y cuarto de la manaña Telling time 15 = Quince Literally ‘(It) is the two and fifteen of the morning’
  55. 55. 1:25 It’s 1:25 Es la una y veinticinco Telling time 25 = Veinticinco Literally : ‘(It) is the one and 25’
  56. 56. 1:30 It’s 1:30 Es la una y media Telling time Literally, 30 = Tienta But we used media as 30 is the middle of the hour
  57. 57. Now let’s try ‘At 1:30’ Moving on…
  58. 58. 1:30 At 1:30 A la una y media Telling time At = A We used media as 30 is the middle of the hour
  59. 59. 1 2 3 3:20 It’s 3:20 Try yourself Son las tres y viente Son las tres viente Es la tres y viente
  60. 60. 1 2 3 3:20 It’s 3:20 Solution Son las tres y viente Son las tres viente Es la tres y viente
  61. 61. 1 2 3 4:30 It’s 4:30 Try yourself Son las tres y media Son las cuatro y media Son las cuatro y cuarto
  62. 62. 1 2 3 4:30 It’s 4:30 Solution Son las tres y media Son las cuatro y media Son las cuatro y cuarto
  63. 63. 1 2 3 At 4:30 Try yourself Son las tres y media Son las cuatro y media A las cuatro y media
  64. 64. 1 2 3 At 4:30 Solution Son las tres y media Son las cuatro y media A las cuatro y media
  65. 65. At = A And = Y (used for after the hour) Eg: 3:20 = 3 and 20 So remember!
  66. 66. To indicate half hour, we use media We use cuarto to indicate quarter hour 30 = Media 15 = Cuarto Do you remember?
  67. 67. Alright, now let’s try time before the hour Eg: 3:45 = 4 minus 15 We use the particle ‘menos’ meaning ‘minus/less’ Moving on…
  68. 68. Even though you say ‘It is 10 until 1’ if you were to say ‘12:50’ while translating to Spanish, it will read as: Es la una menos diez (Is the one minus 10) And not Es la diez menos una Grammar tip
  69. 69. 4:45 It's 4:45 Son las cinco menos cuarto Telling time Literally : (It) is the 5 minus 15
  70. 70. 3:45 It's 3:45 Son las cuatro menos cuarto Telling time Literally : (It) is the 4 minus 15
  71. 71. Son las cuatro menos cuarto Four = Cuatro while Quarter = Cuarto 3:45 = (It) is the 4 minus 15 Do you remember?
  72. 72. 3:50 It's 3:50 Son las cuatro menos diez Telling time Literally : (It) is the 4 minus 10
  73. 73. 3:55 It's 3:55 Son las cuatro menos cinco Telling time Literally : (It) is the 4 minus 5
  74. 74. 1 2 3 It's 1:45 Try yourself Son las cuatro menos una Son las dos menos cuarto Es la una y cuarto
  75. 75. 1 2 3 It's 1:45 Solution It's 1:45 Son las cuatro menos una Son las dos menos cuarto Es la una y cuarto
  76. 76. 1 2 3 It's 1:15 Try yourself Son las cuatro y una Son las una menos cuarto Es la una y cuarto
  77. 77. 1 2 3 It's 1:15 Solution Son las cuatro y una Son las una menos cuarto Es la una y cuarto
  78. 78. 1 2 3 It's 2:10 Try yourself Son las diez y dos Son las dos menos deiz Son las dos y diez
  79. 79. 1 2 3 It's 2:10 Solution Son las diez y dos Son las dos menos deiz Son las dos y diez
  80. 80. 1 2 3 It's 2:50 Try yourself Son las diez menos tres Son las tres y deiz Son las tres menos diez
  81. 81. 1 2 3 It's 2:50 Solution Son las diez menos tres Son las tres y deiz Son las tres menos diez
  82. 82. 1 2 3 What time is it? Try yourself ¿Qué hora es? ¿Qué hora son? ¿Qué horas son?
  83. 83. 1 2 3 What time is it? Solution ¿Qué hora es? ¿Qué hora son? ¿Qué horas son?
  84. 84. 1 2 3 a.m. Try yourself De la manaña De la tarde De la noche
  85. 85. 1 2 3 a.m. Solution De la manaña De la tarde De la noche
  86. 86. 1 2 3 It's 6:05 p.m. Try yourself Son las seis y cinco de tarde Son las seis y cinco de manaña Son las cinco y seis de tarde
  87. 87. 1 2 3 It's 6:05 p.m. Solution Son las seis y cinco de tarde Son las seis y cinco de manaña Son las cinco y seis de tarde
  88. 88. Number Spanish It's 1 o'clock Es la una It’s 1 a.m. Es la una de la manaña It’s 2 p.m. Son las dos de la tarde It’s 9 p.m. Son las nueve de la noche At 1:30 De la una y media It’s 2:15 Son las dos y cuarto It’s 4:45 Son las cinco menos cuarto Revision : Telling time
  89. 89. Culture Leaf
  90. 90. Formal situations In Spain & Spanish speaking areas in South America people are generally quite punctual if they are meeting for a formal event but one can expect slight delays even in meetings Culture leaf : Punctuality!
  91. 91. Informal situations However, for informal gathering or parties arriving ~30 mins late is perfectly accepted In-fact most guests would typically arrive late Culture leaf : Punctuality!
  92. 92. La Hora Nica (Nicaragua Time) is a very interesting thing, if someone tells you a dinner is to begin at 7PM they really mean 'not before then' There’s an expression common in Nicaragua: Hay más tiempo que vida = There’s more time than life So why hurry? :) Culture leaf : Punctuality!
  93. 93. In the next lesson, we will learn about days and dates! What’s next?
  94. 94. Content Team CultureAlley, Okairy Zuñiga, Tomasa Merino Credits
  95. 95. See you at the Alley!
  96. 96. Lesson 18 | Day and Date!

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