To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Nǐ hǎo
Lesson 6 on Basic Mandarin!
To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Revision

English

Mandarin

Good morning

Zǎo'ān

Good afternoon/evening

Wǎnshàng hǎo

Good night

Wǎn'ān

Wonderful!

T...
Lesson objectives

1

Meeting new friends!

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandari...
What's in store today?

Today we will learn how to
introduce ourselves!

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit...
Introductions

Let’s begin by discussing a few titles
Lets start with 'friends'!

To view this with Audio and practice gam...
Introductions

Friends

Péngyǒu

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Pronunciation tip

In pinyin, the word ‘p’ is pronounced with a
mixture of the tones of ‘p’ and ‘b’
It’s pronunciation is ...
Tonal tip

Péng is pronounced with a mid rising tone,
or the second tone
Yǒu is pronounced with the falling
rising tone, o...
Grammar tip

Note that ‘friends’ and ‘friend’ both
translate to ‘péngyǒu’ only
In Mandarin, most of the time there is no d...
Grammar tip
An example of what we just learnt can be
seen in the following
One friend: Yi ge péngyǒu
Two friends: Liang ge...
Tonal tip

Let’s hear you say ‘friend’ in
Mandarin one more time!
‘Péngyǒu’
Great! Now lets learn how to say
girlfriend, b...
Introductions

Girlfriend/ female friend

Nǚ péngyǒu

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.c...
Pronunciation tip

Nǚ means girl, daughter, female or woman,
and is pronounced with a falling rising
tone, or the third to...
Introductions

Boyfriend/male friend

Nán péngyǒu

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/...
Pronunciation tip

Nán means male or man, and is pronounced
with a mid rising tone, or the second tone
Let’s say Nán péngy...
Introductions

Young friend

Xiǎo péngyǒu

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Pronunciation tip
Xiǎo means 'small' or 'young' and is
pronounced with a falling rising tone,
or the third tone
Remember, ...
Culturally speaking

‘Xiǎo péngyǒu’ is often used to
address children as well

To view this with Audio and practice games,...
Revision

Translation

Mandarin

Friend

Péngyǒu

Female friend / girlfriend

Nǚ péngyǒ

Male friend / boyfriend

Nán péng...
Moving on…

Next, we will learn how to say
Mr., Mrs. and Miss in Mandarin!

To view this with Audio and practice games, vi...
Introductions

Miss = Xiǎo jiě
Young/little = Xiǎo
Elder sister = Jiě
Thus, ‘miss’ literally translates to
‘young lady’ in...
Tonal tip

‘Xiǎo’ and ‘jiě’ are both pronounced using
the falling rising tone or the third tone
Remember that ‘x’ carries ...
Introductions

Miss

Xiǎo jiě

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Introductions

Mister = Xiān sheng
Early/ prior = Xiān
Student = Sheng
Thus, ‘mister’ literally translates to
‘prior stude...
Tonal tip

‘Xiān’ is pronounced using the high
level tone or the first tone
‘Sheng’ is pronounced using the neutral tone
L...
Introductions

Mister/Mr.

Xiān sheng

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Introductions

Mrs. = Fū ren
‘Mrs.’ literally means
‘madam’ and is used while referring
to a married woman

To view this w...
Tonal tip

‘Fū’ is pronounced using the high
level tone or the first tone
‘Ren’ is pronounced using the neutral tone
Let’s...
Introductions

Mrs.

Fū ren

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Revision

Translation

Mandarin

Miss

Xiǎo jiě

Mister/ Mr.

Xiān sheng

Mrs.

Fū ren

To view this with Audio and practi...
Let's see if you remember…

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Pick the right option

How do you say ‘young friend'?

1

2

3

Xiǎo péng
yǒu

Xiān
sheng

Nǚ péng
you

To view this with ...
Pick the right option

How do you say ‘young friend'?

1

2

3

Xiǎo péng
yǒu

Xiān
sheng

Nǚ péng
you

To view this with ...
Pick the right option

How do we say 'Mister' in Mandarin?

1

2

3

Xiān sheng

Wǒ shì

Xiǎo jiě

To view this with Audio...
Pick the right option

How do we say 'Mister' in Mandarin?

1

2

3

Xiān sheng

Wǒ shì

Xiǎo jiě

To view this with Audio...
Moving on…

Let's learn the vocabulary
for self introduction!
There are two ways of saying what your
name is, one formal, ...
Introductions

I/me = Wǒ

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Tonal tip

‘Wǒ’ is pronounced using the falling rising
tone, also known as the third tone
Let’s try and say Wǒ

To view th...
Introductions

Name = Mínɡzi

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Tonal tip

‘Mínɡzi’ is pronounced with a mid rising
tone, also known as the second tone
Let’s try and say Mínɡzi

To view ...
Introductions

↓

(possessive
particle)
↓

Wǒ

de

My

name

is

↓

↓

mínɡzi

shì

To view this with Audio and practice g...
Grammar tip

The particle ‘de’, is a possessive particle,
used in possessive pronouns, example
(mine = wǒ de)
It is also u...
Introductions

My name is ...

Wǒ de mínɡzi shì...

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com...
Moving on...

Now let's take a look at the informal
way of telling your name
In future, we shall stick to the informal
way...
Introductions

I/me

Wǒ

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Introductions

To be called

Jiào

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Tonal tip

‘Jiào’ is pronounced in the falling tone, also
known as the fourth tone
Let’s hear you say Jiào

To view this w...
Introducing yourself

I am called….

Wǒ jiào…

It may also be translated as 'I
am named…'
To view this with Audio and prac...
Introductions

To be surnamed

Xìng

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Tonal tip

Xìng is spoken in the falling tone also
known as the fourth tone
Remember, ‘x’ is spoken with a ‘sh’ sound!
Let...
Introducing yourself

My surname is….

Wǒ xìng......

It may also be translated as 'I
am surnamed…'
To view this with Audi...
Culturally speaking

Name and surname both form an
integral part of Chinese culture, thus
the two words ‘Jiào’ and ‘Xìng’ ...
Grammar tip
As we can see, the 'to-be' verb 'am' is not
translated
in both the cases, as we are saying ‘ I am named…’
or '...
Revision

Translation

Mandarin

I

Wǒ

Name

Mínɡzi

To be surnamed

Xìng

To be called

Jiào

To view this with Audio an...
Let's see if you remember…

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Pick the right option

How do we say 'My name is...'?

1

2

3

Wǒ de
mínɡzi shì...

Wǒ xìng
shì…

Wǒ de
jiào…

To view th...
Pick the right option

How do we say 'My name is...'?

1

2

3

Wǒ de
mínɡzi shì...

Wǒ xìng
shì…

Wǒ de
jiào…

To view th...
Pick the right option

How do we say 'I am named ….'?

1

2

3

Wǒ jiào…

Wǒ shì…

Wǒ xìng…

To view this with Audio and p...
Pick the right option

How do we say 'I am named ….'?

1

2

3

Wǒ jiào…

Wǒ shì…

Wǒ xìng…

To view this with Audio and p...
Revision

Translation

Mandarin

Miss

Xiǎo jiě

Mister/ Mr.

Xiān sheng

Mrs.

Fū ren

Female friend/ girlfriend

Nǚ péng...
Revision
English

Mandarin

I

Wǒ

To be surnamed

Xìng

To be called

Jiào

My family name is Wáng

Wǒ xìng Wáng

My name...
Culture Leaf

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Culture leaf
Yellow, also called the color of the earth,
is considered the most beautiful colour
The Chinese saying, 'Yell...
Culture leaf

Yellow also represents freedom from worldly
cares and is thus esteemed
in Buddhism
Monks’ garments are yello...
What's next?

In the next lesson, we will learn how
to ask someone their family
name and maiden names!

To view this with ...
Credits

Content
Team CultureAlley, Sunny Dang
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_in_Chinese
_culture

Images
http://commo...
See you at the Alley!
To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
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Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 6 | Introducing yourself & meeting new friends

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Learn Mandarin Chinese for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This lessons covers conversations around introducing oneself, meeting new people and friends. It will also cover telling one's name.To study this at your own pace, take quizzes and explore more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 6 | Introducing yourself & meeting new friends

  1. 1. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  2. 2. Nǐ hǎo Lesson 6 on Basic Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  3. 3. Revision English Mandarin Good morning Zǎo'ān Good afternoon/evening Wǎnshàng hǎo Good night Wǎn'ān Wonderful! Tài hǎo le! Good day, everyone! Dàjiā hǎo! It’s nothing really! Nǎ lǐ! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  4. 4. Lesson objectives 1 Meeting new friends! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  5. 5. What's in store today? Today we will learn how to introduce ourselves! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  6. 6. Introductions Let’s begin by discussing a few titles Lets start with 'friends'! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  7. 7. Introductions Friends Péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  8. 8. Pronunciation tip In pinyin, the word ‘p’ is pronounced with a mixture of the tones of ‘p’ and ‘b’ It’s pronunciation is close to that of ‘ph’, as in ‘Péngyǒu’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  9. 9. Tonal tip Péng is pronounced with a mid rising tone, or the second tone Yǒu is pronounced with the falling rising tone, or the third tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  10. 10. Grammar tip Note that ‘friends’ and ‘friend’ both translate to ‘péngyǒu’ only In Mandarin, most of the time there is no different plural form; to indicate plural we usually add number or quantity words To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  11. 11. Grammar tip An example of what we just learnt can be seen in the following One friend: Yi ge péngyǒu Two friends: Liang ge péngyǒu The word ‘péngyǒu’ however, does not change To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  12. 12. Tonal tip Let’s hear you say ‘friend’ in Mandarin one more time! ‘Péngyǒu’ Great! Now lets learn how to say girlfriend, boyfriend , and young friend! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  13. 13. Introductions Girlfriend/ female friend Nǚ péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  14. 14. Pronunciation tip Nǚ means girl, daughter, female or woman, and is pronounced with a falling rising tone, or the third tone Let’s say Nǚ péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  15. 15. Introductions Boyfriend/male friend Nán péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  16. 16. Pronunciation tip Nán means male or man, and is pronounced with a mid rising tone, or the second tone Let’s say Nán péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  17. 17. Introductions Young friend Xiǎo péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  18. 18. Pronunciation tip Xiǎo means 'small' or 'young' and is pronounced with a falling rising tone, or the third tone Remember, that ‘x’ in Mandarin is pronounced with a ‘sh’ sound Let’s try and say Xiǎo péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  19. 19. Culturally speaking ‘Xiǎo péngyǒu’ is often used to address children as well To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  20. 20. Revision Translation Mandarin Friend Péngyǒu Female friend / girlfriend Nǚ péngyǒ Male friend / boyfriend Nán péngyǒu Young friend Xiǎo péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  21. 21. Moving on… Next, we will learn how to say Mr., Mrs. and Miss in Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  22. 22. Introductions Miss = Xiǎo jiě Young/little = Xiǎo Elder sister = Jiě Thus, ‘miss’ literally translates to ‘young lady’ in Mandarin To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  23. 23. Tonal tip ‘Xiǎo’ and ‘jiě’ are both pronounced using the falling rising tone or the third tone Remember that ‘x’ carries a ‘sh’ sound in Mandarin! Let’s hear you say Xiǎo jiě To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  24. 24. Introductions Miss Xiǎo jiě To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  25. 25. Introductions Mister = Xiān sheng Early/ prior = Xiān Student = Sheng Thus, ‘mister’ literally translates to ‘prior student’ in Mandarin To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  26. 26. Tonal tip ‘Xiān’ is pronounced using the high level tone or the first tone ‘Sheng’ is pronounced using the neutral tone Let’s hear you say Xiān sheng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  27. 27. Introductions Mister/Mr. Xiān sheng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  28. 28. Introductions Mrs. = Fū ren ‘Mrs.’ literally means ‘madam’ and is used while referring to a married woman To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  29. 29. Tonal tip ‘Fū’ is pronounced using the high level tone or the first tone ‘Ren’ is pronounced using the neutral tone Let’s hear you say Fū ren To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  30. 30. Introductions Mrs. Fū ren To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  31. 31. Revision Translation Mandarin Miss Xiǎo jiě Mister/ Mr. Xiān sheng Mrs. Fū ren To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  32. 32. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  33. 33. Pick the right option How do you say ‘young friend'? 1 2 3 Xiǎo péng yǒu Xiān sheng Nǚ péng you To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  34. 34. Pick the right option How do you say ‘young friend'? 1 2 3 Xiǎo péng yǒu Xiān sheng Nǚ péng you To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  35. 35. Pick the right option How do we say 'Mister' in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Xiān sheng Wǒ shì Xiǎo jiě To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  36. 36. Pick the right option How do we say 'Mister' in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Xiān sheng Wǒ shì Xiǎo jiě To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  37. 37. Moving on… Let's learn the vocabulary for self introduction! There are two ways of saying what your name is, one formal, the other informal, let's begin with the formal one! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  38. 38. Introductions I/me = Wǒ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  39. 39. Tonal tip ‘Wǒ’ is pronounced using the falling rising tone, also known as the third tone Let’s try and say Wǒ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  40. 40. Introductions Name = Mínɡzi To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  41. 41. Tonal tip ‘Mínɡzi’ is pronounced with a mid rising tone, also known as the second tone Let’s try and say Mínɡzi To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  42. 42. Introductions ↓ (possessive particle) ↓ Wǒ de My name is ↓ ↓ mínɡzi shì To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  43. 43. Grammar tip The particle ‘de’, is a possessive particle, used in possessive pronouns, example (mine = wǒ de) It is also used for emphasis To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  44. 44. Introductions My name is ... Wǒ de mínɡzi shì... To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  45. 45. Moving on... Now let's take a look at the informal way of telling your name In future, we shall stick to the informal way of telling names! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  46. 46. Introductions I/me Wǒ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  47. 47. Introductions To be called Jiào To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  48. 48. Tonal tip ‘Jiào’ is pronounced in the falling tone, also known as the fourth tone Let’s hear you say Jiào To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  49. 49. Introducing yourself I am called…. Wǒ jiào… It may also be translated as 'I am named…' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  50. 50. Introductions To be surnamed Xìng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  51. 51. Tonal tip Xìng is spoken in the falling tone also known as the fourth tone Remember, ‘x’ is spoken with a ‘sh’ sound! Let’s hear you say Xìng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  52. 52. Introducing yourself My surname is…. Wǒ xìng...... It may also be translated as 'I am surnamed…' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  53. 53. Culturally speaking Name and surname both form an integral part of Chinese culture, thus the two words ‘Jiào’ and ‘Xìng’ are important to learn! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  54. 54. Grammar tip As we can see, the 'to-be' verb 'am' is not translated in both the cases, as we are saying ‘ I am named…’ or 'I am surnamed' as opposed to ‘My name is …’ or 'My surname is...' ‘Named' here acts as an adjective describing the 'person’ and is therefore not translated It's the same as saying 'I am tall', and as we learnt, is/am are not translated before an adjective! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  55. 55. Revision Translation Mandarin I Wǒ Name Mínɡzi To be surnamed Xìng To be called Jiào To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  56. 56. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  57. 57. Pick the right option How do we say 'My name is...'? 1 2 3 Wǒ de mínɡzi shì... Wǒ xìng shì… Wǒ de jiào… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  58. 58. Pick the right option How do we say 'My name is...'? 1 2 3 Wǒ de mínɡzi shì... Wǒ xìng shì… Wǒ de jiào… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  59. 59. Pick the right option How do we say 'I am named ….'? 1 2 3 Wǒ jiào… Wǒ shì… Wǒ xìng… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  60. 60. Pick the right option How do we say 'I am named ….'? 1 2 3 Wǒ jiào… Wǒ shì… Wǒ xìng… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  61. 61. Revision Translation Mandarin Miss Xiǎo jiě Mister/ Mr. Xiān sheng Mrs. Fū ren Female friend/ girlfriend Nǚ péngyǒu Male friend/ boyfriend Nán péngyǒu Young friend Xiǎo péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  62. 62. Revision English Mandarin I Wǒ To be surnamed Xìng To be called Jiào My family name is Wáng Wǒ xìng Wáng My name is Wáng Péng (formal) My name is Wáng Péng (informal) Wǒ de mínɡzi shì Wáng Péng Wǒ jiào Wáng Péng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  63. 63. Culture Leaf To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  64. 64. Culture leaf Yellow, also called the color of the earth, is considered the most beautiful colour The Chinese saying, 'Yellow generates Yin and Yang', implies that yellow is the center of everything, Yellow often decorates royal palaces, altars and temples The color was used in the robes and attire of the emperors To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  65. 65. Culture leaf Yellow also represents freedom from worldly cares and is thus esteemed in Buddhism Monks’ garments are yellow, as are elements of Buddhist temples To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  66. 66. What's next? In the next lesson, we will learn how to ask someone their family name and maiden names! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  67. 67. Credits Content Team CultureAlley, Sunny Dang http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_in_Chinese _culture Images http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chinese_Buddhist_ _Robe_Shanghai.jpeg Wloh To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  68. 68. See you at the Alley! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

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