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Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 6 | Introducing yourself & meeting new friends

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Learn Mandarin Chinese for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This lessons covers conversations around introducing oneself, meeting new people and friends. It will also cover telling one's name.To study this at your own pace, take quizzes and explore more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 6 | Introducing yourself & meeting new friends

  1. 1. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  2. 2. Nǐ hǎo Lesson 6 on Basic Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  3. 3. Revision English Mandarin Good morning Zǎo'ān Good afternoon/evening Wǎnshàng hǎo Good night Wǎn'ān Wonderful! Tài hǎo le! Good day, everyone! Dàjiā hǎo! It’s nothing really! Nǎ lǐ! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  4. 4. Lesson objectives 1 Meeting new friends! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  5. 5. What's in store today? Today we will learn how to introduce ourselves! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  6. 6. Introductions Let’s begin by discussing a few titles Lets start with 'friends'! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  7. 7. Introductions Friends Péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  8. 8. Pronunciation tip In pinyin, the word ‘p’ is pronounced with a mixture of the tones of ‘p’ and ‘b’ It’s pronunciation is close to that of ‘ph’, as in ‘Péngyǒu’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  9. 9. Tonal tip Péng is pronounced with a mid rising tone, or the second tone Yǒu is pronounced with the falling rising tone, or the third tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  10. 10. Grammar tip Note that ‘friends’ and ‘friend’ both translate to ‘péngyǒu’ only In Mandarin, most of the time there is no different plural form; to indicate plural we usually add number or quantity words To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  11. 11. Grammar tip An example of what we just learnt can be seen in the following One friend: Yi ge péngyǒu Two friends: Liang ge péngyǒu The word ‘péngyǒu’ however, does not change To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  12. 12. Tonal tip Let’s hear you say ‘friend’ in Mandarin one more time! ‘Péngyǒu’ Great! Now lets learn how to say girlfriend, boyfriend , and young friend! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  13. 13. Introductions Girlfriend/ female friend Nǚ péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  14. 14. Pronunciation tip Nǚ means girl, daughter, female or woman, and is pronounced with a falling rising tone, or the third tone Let’s say Nǚ péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  15. 15. Introductions Boyfriend/male friend Nán péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  16. 16. Pronunciation tip Nán means male or man, and is pronounced with a mid rising tone, or the second tone Let’s say Nán péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  17. 17. Introductions Young friend Xiǎo péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  18. 18. Pronunciation tip Xiǎo means 'small' or 'young' and is pronounced with a falling rising tone, or the third tone Remember, that ‘x’ in Mandarin is pronounced with a ‘sh’ sound Let’s try and say Xiǎo péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  19. 19. Culturally speaking ‘Xiǎo péngyǒu’ is often used to address children as well To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  20. 20. Revision Translation Mandarin Friend Péngyǒu Female friend / girlfriend Nǚ péngyǒ Male friend / boyfriend Nán péngyǒu Young friend Xiǎo péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  21. 21. Moving on… Next, we will learn how to say Mr., Mrs. and Miss in Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  22. 22. Introductions Miss = Xiǎo jiě Young/little = Xiǎo Elder sister = Jiě Thus, ‘miss’ literally translates to ‘young lady’ in Mandarin To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  23. 23. Tonal tip ‘Xiǎo’ and ‘jiě’ are both pronounced using the falling rising tone or the third tone Remember that ‘x’ carries a ‘sh’ sound in Mandarin! Let’s hear you say Xiǎo jiě To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  24. 24. Introductions Miss Xiǎo jiě To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  25. 25. Introductions Mister = Xiān sheng Early/ prior = Xiān Student = Sheng Thus, ‘mister’ literally translates to ‘prior student’ in Mandarin To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  26. 26. Tonal tip ‘Xiān’ is pronounced using the high level tone or the first tone ‘Sheng’ is pronounced using the neutral tone Let’s hear you say Xiān sheng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  27. 27. Introductions Mister/Mr. Xiān sheng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  28. 28. Introductions Mrs. = Fū ren ‘Mrs.’ literally means ‘madam’ and is used while referring to a married woman To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  29. 29. Tonal tip ‘Fū’ is pronounced using the high level tone or the first tone ‘Ren’ is pronounced using the neutral tone Let’s hear you say Fū ren To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  30. 30. Introductions Mrs. Fū ren To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  31. 31. Revision Translation Mandarin Miss Xiǎo jiě Mister/ Mr. Xiān sheng Mrs. Fū ren To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  32. 32. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  33. 33. Pick the right option How do you say ‘young friend'? 1 2 3 Xiǎo péng yǒu Xiān sheng Nǚ péng you To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  34. 34. Pick the right option How do you say ‘young friend'? 1 2 3 Xiǎo péng yǒu Xiān sheng Nǚ péng you To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  35. 35. Pick the right option How do we say 'Mister' in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Xiān sheng Wǒ shì Xiǎo jiě To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  36. 36. Pick the right option How do we say 'Mister' in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Xiān sheng Wǒ shì Xiǎo jiě To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  37. 37. Moving on… Let's learn the vocabulary for self introduction! There are two ways of saying what your name is, one formal, the other informal, let's begin with the formal one! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  38. 38. Introductions I/me = Wǒ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  39. 39. Tonal tip ‘Wǒ’ is pronounced using the falling rising tone, also known as the third tone Let’s try and say Wǒ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  40. 40. Introductions Name = Mínɡzi To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  41. 41. Tonal tip ‘Mínɡzi’ is pronounced with a mid rising tone, also known as the second tone Let’s try and say Mínɡzi To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  42. 42. Introductions ↓ (possessive particle) ↓ Wǒ de My name is ↓ ↓ mínɡzi shì To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  43. 43. Grammar tip The particle ‘de’, is a possessive particle, used in possessive pronouns, example (mine = wǒ de) It is also used for emphasis To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  44. 44. Introductions My name is ... Wǒ de mínɡzi shì... To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  45. 45. Moving on... Now let's take a look at the informal way of telling your name In future, we shall stick to the informal way of telling names! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  46. 46. Introductions I/me Wǒ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  47. 47. Introductions To be called Jiào To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  48. 48. Tonal tip ‘Jiào’ is pronounced in the falling tone, also known as the fourth tone Let’s hear you say Jiào To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  49. 49. Introducing yourself I am called…. Wǒ jiào… It may also be translated as 'I am named…' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  50. 50. Introductions To be surnamed Xìng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  51. 51. Tonal tip Xìng is spoken in the falling tone also known as the fourth tone Remember, ‘x’ is spoken with a ‘sh’ sound! Let’s hear you say Xìng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  52. 52. Introducing yourself My surname is…. Wǒ xìng...... It may also be translated as 'I am surnamed…' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  53. 53. Culturally speaking Name and surname both form an integral part of Chinese culture, thus the two words ‘Jiào’ and ‘Xìng’ are important to learn! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  54. 54. Grammar tip As we can see, the 'to-be' verb 'am' is not translated in both the cases, as we are saying ‘ I am named…’ or 'I am surnamed' as opposed to ‘My name is …’ or 'My surname is...' ‘Named' here acts as an adjective describing the 'person’ and is therefore not translated It's the same as saying 'I am tall', and as we learnt, is/am are not translated before an adjective! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  55. 55. Revision Translation Mandarin I Wǒ Name Mínɡzi To be surnamed Xìng To be called Jiào To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  56. 56. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  57. 57. Pick the right option How do we say 'My name is...'? 1 2 3 Wǒ de mínɡzi shì... Wǒ xìng shì… Wǒ de jiào… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  58. 58. Pick the right option How do we say 'My name is...'? 1 2 3 Wǒ de mínɡzi shì... Wǒ xìng shì… Wǒ de jiào… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  59. 59. Pick the right option How do we say 'I am named ….'? 1 2 3 Wǒ jiào… Wǒ shì… Wǒ xìng… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  60. 60. Pick the right option How do we say 'I am named ….'? 1 2 3 Wǒ jiào… Wǒ shì… Wǒ xìng… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  61. 61. Revision Translation Mandarin Miss Xiǎo jiě Mister/ Mr. Xiān sheng Mrs. Fū ren Female friend/ girlfriend Nǚ péngyǒu Male friend/ boyfriend Nán péngyǒu Young friend Xiǎo péngyǒu To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  62. 62. Revision English Mandarin I Wǒ To be surnamed Xìng To be called Jiào My family name is Wáng Wǒ xìng Wáng My name is Wáng Péng (formal) My name is Wáng Péng (informal) Wǒ de mínɡzi shì Wáng Péng Wǒ jiào Wáng Péng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  63. 63. Culture Leaf To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  64. 64. Culture leaf Yellow, also called the color of the earth, is considered the most beautiful colour The Chinese saying, 'Yellow generates Yin and Yang', implies that yellow is the center of everything, Yellow often decorates royal palaces, altars and temples The color was used in the robes and attire of the emperors To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  65. 65. Culture leaf Yellow also represents freedom from worldly cares and is thus esteemed in Buddhism Monks’ garments are yellow, as are elements of Buddhist temples To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  66. 66. What's next? In the next lesson, we will learn how to ask someone their family name and maiden names! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  67. 67. Credits Content Team CultureAlley, Sunny Dang http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_in_Chinese _culture Images http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chinese_Buddhist_ _Robe_Shanghai.jpeg Wloh To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  68. 68. See you at the Alley! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

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