Chapter 35 Time


Published on

Published in: Sports, Education
1 Comment
1 Like
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 35 Time

  1. 1. … The UNTITLED… GROUP
  2. 2. ...Present...
  3. 3. … Time … Lëssön
  4. 4. Objectives <ul><li>To learn about the attitudes of different cultures towards the concept of time . </li></ul><ul><li>To introduce the elements of a clock and explain their functions . </li></ul>
  5. 5. Objectives <ul><li>To teach telling time to the hour and the half hour. </li></ul><ul><li>To learn the elements about day, month, year, and season. </li></ul><ul><li>To learn the idioms about time. </li></ul>
  6. 6. … Warm Up ...
  7. 8. Vocabulary <ul><li>O ’ _ _ _ _ _ </li></ul><ul><li>qu _ r _ _ r </li></ul><ul><li>_a_ _ </li></ul><ul><li>m _ _u_ _s </li></ul><ul><li>A_ te _e_ i _iem </li></ul><ul><li>P_ _t _e_ i _iem </li></ul><ul><li>O ’ clock </li></ul><ul><li>quarter </li></ul><ul><li>half </li></ul><ul><li>minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Ante meridiem </li></ul><ul><li>Post meridiem </li></ul>
  8. 9. Typical expressions about time <ul><li>Question; </li></ul><ul><li>What time is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Answer; </li></ul><ul><li>- It’s five o’clock. </li></ul><ul><li>- It’s five o’clock sharp. </li></ul>
  9. 10. 2 styles of telling time <ul><li>1. American English style </li></ul><ul><li>2. British English style </li></ul>
  10. 11. American style <ul><li>It’s (1-12) o’clock. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s (1-12) hours and (1-59) minutes . </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>12:00 = It’s twelve o’clock. </li></ul><ul><li>10:50 = It’s ten fifty. </li></ul>
  11. 12. British style <ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>15 minutes before/after the hour = quarter </li></ul><ul><li>30 minutes after the hour = half </li></ul>
  12. 13. British style <ul><li>To use “past” and “to” </li></ul><ul><li>31-59 minutes+to </li></ul><ul><li>+ hour to arrive </li></ul><ul><li>1-29 minutes+past </li></ul><ul><li>+ hour to past </li></ul>
  13. 14. Examples <ul><li>06:15 = It’s a quarter past six. </li></ul><ul><li>11:45 = It’s a quarter to twelve. </li></ul><ul><li>10:30 = It’s a half past ten. </li></ul><ul><li>10:30 = It’s a half to eleven. </li></ul>
  14. 15. To use “a.m.” And “p.m.” <ul><li>a.m. = “Ante meridiem” </li></ul><ul><li>= (Latin) ,before noon </li></ul><ul><li>p.m. = “Post meridiem” </li></ul><ul><li>= (Latin) ,after noon </li></ul>
  15. 16. Examples <ul><li>I’ll see you at 8:30 a.m. = I’ll see you at 8:30 in the morning. </li></ul><ul><li>The meeting will start </li></ul><ul><li>at 3:30 p.m. = The meeting will start at three thirty in the afternoon. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Can you tell me the possible ways to tell this time? <ul><li>07:28 a.m. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s seven twenty-eight. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s twenty-eight past seven. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s 07:28 in the morning. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s 07:28 a.m. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Can you tell me the possible ways to tell this time? <ul><li>11:30 p.m. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s eleven thirty. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s half past eleven. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s half to twelve. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s 11:30 in the evening. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s 11:30 p.m. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Can you tell me the possible ways to tell this time? <ul><li>09:45 a.m. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s nine forty-five. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a quarter to ten. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s forty-five to ten. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s 09:45 in the morning. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s 09:45 a.m. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Conversations <ul><li>A: Excuse me, what time is it? </li></ul><ul><li>B: It’s half past two. </li></ul><ul><li>A: What time do you have?/What time have you got?/What time does your watch say? </li></ul><ul><li>B: It’s a quarter to one. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Conversations <ul><li>A: Is your watch right?/Have you the right time?/Do you have the exact time?/Do you have the correct time? </li></ul><ul><li>B: It may be a few minutes slow. </li></ul>
  21. 22. Questions about Time <ul><li>What time do you get up in the morning? </li></ul><ul><li>When do you do your homework? </li></ul><ul><li>What time does your class begin? </li></ul><ul><li>What time do you take </li></ul><ul><li>a bath in the evening? </li></ul>
  22. 23. Questions about Time <ul><li>What time do you like to go to bed at night? </li></ul><ul><li>What time do you think high school students should go to bed? </li></ul>
  23. 24. Other expressions used for telling time <ul><li>It’s about eight o’clock. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s around eight o’clock. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s nearly eight o’clock. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s almost eight o’clock. </li></ul>If you cannot tell the exact time
  24. 25. <ul><li>My watch is five minutes fast . = My watch is five minutes ahead. / My watch is ahead five minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>My watch is five minutes slow. = My watch is five minutes back/behind. </li></ul>When the time is not as you expected
  25. 26. conversations <ul><li>Kelly : Hey, you have so many clocks in your bedroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Jamie : Yeah, I want to make sure I can wake up in the morning. </li></ul><ul><li>Kelly : But is there something wrong with your clocks?  </li></ul><ul><li>None of them has the same time. </li></ul><ul><li>Jamie : I do it on purpose.  I set this clock ahead ten minutes, and this one back ten minutes, but I always set that one to the right time. </li></ul><ul><li>Kelly : So the alarms ring every ten minutes? </li></ul><ul><li>Jamie : Yeah. </li></ul><ul><li>Kelly : Are your crazy or what? </li></ul><ul><li>Jamie : No, I am a heavy sleeper.  I need thunder to wake me up. </li></ul>
  26. 27. Seven days Song By Craig David Listen and complete the song.
  27. 28. Questions about date, day, month, and season. <ul><li>What day is today? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the date ? </li></ul><ul><li>What day of the week is it? </li></ul><ul><li>What day of the month is it? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the best season in England? </li></ul>
  28. 29. To tell the year <ul><li>1995 = nineteen ninety-five </li></ul><ul><li>1906 = nineteen-o-six or nineteen six </li></ul><ul><li>1000 = one thousand </li></ul><ul><li>1800 = eighteen hundred </li></ul><ul><li>2000 = two thousand </li></ul>
  29. 30. A.D. / B.C. And B.E. <ul><li>A.D. (Anno Domini) </li></ul><ul><li>= in the year of our Lord </li></ul><ul><li>1995 A.D. = nineteen nine-five A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>B.C. (Before Christ) </li></ul><ul><li>520 B.C. = five twenty B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>B.E. (Buddhist Era) </li></ul><ul><li>B.E. 2537 = B.E. twenty-five thirty-seven </li></ul>
  30. 31. Words and phrases to tell the future <ul><li>shortly = เร็วๆนี้ , ไม่นานนี้ </li></ul><ul><li>someday = สักวันหนึ่ง </li></ul><ul><li>in a few days = ในอีก 2-3 วันนี้ </li></ul><ul><li>after a while = สักพักหนึ่ง </li></ul><ul><li>the day after tomorrow = วันมะรืน </li></ul><ul><li>some other day = วันหลัง </li></ul>
  31. 32. Words and phrases to tell the past <ul><li>a few days ago = สองสามวันมาแล้ว </li></ul><ul><li>not long ago = เมื่อไม่นานมานี้ </li></ul><ul><li>some time ago = ชั่วระยะหนึ่งมาแล้ว </li></ul><ul><li>recently = เร็วๆมานี้ </li></ul><ul><li>the other day = วันก่อนนี้ </li></ul><ul><li>lately = เมื่อเร็วๆนี้ </li></ul>
  32. 33. Words and phrases to tell the present. <ul><li>at the moment = ในขณะนี้ </li></ul><ul><li>right now = เดี๋ยวนี้ </li></ul><ul><li>at present = ปัจจุบันนี้ , ในขณะนี้ </li></ul><ul><li>this time = เวลานี้ </li></ul><ul><li>Other words </li></ul><ul><li>Decade = ทศวรรษ หรือ 10 ปี </li></ul><ul><li>Century = ร้อยปี หรือ ศตวรรษ </li></ul><ul><li>Era = ยุคสมัย หรือ ศักราช </li></ul>
  33. 34. English Grammar <ul><li>Adverbs of Time </li></ul><ul><li>Some adverbs tell us when something happened, is hapenning or will happen. </li></ul><ul><li>These include: yesterday, now, later, soon, tomorrow… </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>Yesterday all my troubles seemed so far away. </li></ul><ul><li>In this sentence yesterday shows us when. </li></ul>
  34. 35. Other adverbs of time include <ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Saturday, Sunday,… </li></ul><ul><li>Today </li></ul><ul><li>Yesterday </li></ul><ul><li>Next </li></ul><ul><li>Finally </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>I am going to the shops on Monday . </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve been to the shops today . </li></ul><ul><li>I went yesterday . </li></ul><ul><li>I am going next week. </li></ul><ul><li>I finally went. </li></ul>
  35. 36. Other adverbs of time include <ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually </li></ul><ul><li>Already </li></ul><ul><li>Soon </li></ul><ul><li>Just </li></ul><ul><li>Still </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>I eventually went to the shops. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve already been to the shops. </li></ul><ul><li>I’m going to the shops soon . </li></ul><ul><li>I’m just going to the shops. </li></ul><ul><li>I’m still at the shops. </li></ul>
  36. 37. Prepositions of T ime in a minute; in two weeks duration in the morning; in the afternoon; in the evening part of the day in summer; in the summer of 69 seasons in 1985; in 1999 year in July; in September in months in Examples Use Preposition
  37. 38. Prepositions of T ime on Good Friday; on Easter Sunday; on my birthday special holidays on the 25th of December date on Sunday; on Friday days of the week on at the same time fixed phrases at Christmas; at Easter celebrations at 6 o'clock ; at midnight time of day at night part of the day at Examples Use Preposition
  38. 39. ..Idioms about time.. <ul><li>in time  =  eventually.     </li></ul><ul><li>He arrives at the train station in time before the train will leave at 9 o'clock. </li></ul><ul><li>on time =  not late or early; punctual      </li></ul><ul><li>Please send your homework on time.   </li></ul>
  39. 40. How many times during the day do you use the word time? <ul><li>It's time to pack up. </li></ul><ul><li>You're wasting time . </li></ul><ul><li>It's time for music. </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure to hand in your work </li></ul><ul><li>on time. </li></ul><ul><li>We 're out of time for today. </li></ul><ul><li>If I have to tell you one more time. </li></ul>
  40. 41. Then there are all those famous quotes about time… <ul><li>Better late than never. </li></ul><ul><li>(Lu Hsun) </li></ul><ul><li>Time and tide wait for no man. </li></ul><ul><li>(William Bradford) </li></ul><ul><li>Here today, gone tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>(John Calvin) </li></ul>
  41. 42. Word Search Game
  42. 43. Vocabulary <ul><li>again = อีกครั้ง </li></ul><ul><li>ages = ระยะเวลานานมาก </li></ul><ul><li>anytime = ทุกๆเวลา </li></ul><ul><li>clock = นาฬิกา </li></ul><ul><li>duration = ระยะเวลา </li></ul><ul><li>during = ช่วงเวลา </li></ul><ul><li>elapse = ล่วง , ผ่าน </li></ul><ul><li>epoch = ยุค </li></ul>
  43. 44. Vocabulary <ul><li>era = ศักราช , ยุค , สมัย </li></ul><ul><li>hours = ชั่วโมง </li></ul><ul><li>instant = ขณะ , ทันที </li></ul><ul><li>moment = ชั่วขณะหนึ่ง </li></ul><ul><li>never = ไม่เคย </li></ul><ul><li>passing = ผ่าน </li></ul><ul><li>period = ระยะ ( เวลา ), สมัย </li></ul><ul><li>progress = ดำเนิน </li></ul>
  44. 45. Vocabulary <ul><li>schedule = ตารางเวลา </li></ul><ul><li>term = เทอม , ครั้ง , สมัย </li></ul><ul><li>then = เวลานั้น , ตอนนั้น </li></ul><ul><li>ticking = เสียงนาฬิกาเดิน </li></ul><ul><li>until = จนกระทั่ง </li></ul><ul><li>when = เมื่อ , เวลาที่ </li></ul><ul><li>while = ระยะเวลา , ในขณะที่ </li></ul><ul><li>yet = จนถึงเวลานั้น </li></ul>
  45. 46. … Seasons… <ul><li>There are 4 seasons in </li></ul><ul><li>European countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Spring = 21 March – 20 June </li></ul><ul><li>Summer = 21 June – 20 September </li></ul><ul><li>Autumn = 21 September – 20 December </li></ul><ul><li>Winter = 21 December – 20 March </li></ul>
  46. 47. Do you know… what the season in each picture is?
  47. 48. Are you ready? <ul><li>… Let’s go… </li></ul>
  48. 49. Spring
  49. 50. Summer
  50. 51. Autumn
  51. 52. Winter
  52. 53. Greenwich, England ...the prime meridian...
  53. 54. Greenwich, England ...the prime meridian...
  54. 55. Greenwich, England ...the prime meridian...
  55. 56. Greenwich, England <ul><li>Greenwich Time (GMT): Greenwich England Longitude 0° 0' 0&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Meridian of the World Latitude </li></ul><ul><li>51° 28' 38“ </li></ul><ul><li>North of the Equator </li></ul><ul><li>Founded Greenwich, England 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>It is a pleasure to welcome you to Greenwich, England , </li></ul><ul><li>where East meets West at the Greenwich Meridian Line </li></ul><ul><li>(0° longitude) at the Royal Observatory Greenwich.  </li></ul><ul><li>The home of  Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) from which all World time zones are based. </li></ul>
  56. 57. Quiz
  57. 59. <ul><li>It’s ten ten. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s ten past ten. </li></ul><ul><li>10:10 a.m. </li></ul><ul><li>10:02 p.m. </li></ul>1. Which is not the correct expression for this time?
  58. 60. 2. How can you write “ half past eight in the morning”? <ul><li>8:30 p.m. </li></ul><ul><li>8:30 a.m. </li></ul><ul><li>8:15 p.m. </li></ul><ul><li>8:15 a.m. </li></ul>
  59. 61. 3. How can you write “A quarter past eight in the afternoon”? <ul><li>8:15 p.m. </li></ul><ul><li>8:15 a.m. </li></ul><ul><li>8:45 p.m. </li></ul><ul><li>8:45 a.m. </li></ul>
  60. 62. 4. “0:00” uses ……? <ul><li>a.m. </li></ul><ul><li>p.m. </li></ul><ul><li>a and b are correct. </li></ul><ul><li>no correct answer. </li></ul>
  61. 63. 5. How long do you study ENG – 102 a day? <ul><li>It’s about 3 hours and 30 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s about 30 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s 3.28 inch. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s 2 hours per a day. </li></ul>
  62. 64. 6. My birthday is …… November. <ul><li>in </li></ul><ul><li>on </li></ul><ul><li>at </li></ul><ul><li>of </li></ul>
  63. 65. 7. How can you speak this year (2007) ? <ul><li>Two double-O-seven. </li></ul><ul><li>Two thousand seven. </li></ul><ul><li>Twenty-O-seven. </li></ul><ul><li>Twenty seven. </li></ul>
  64. 66. 8. A Summer season in European countries is between …. to …. <ul><li>26 March – 18 May </li></ul><ul><li>1 April – 1 June </li></ul><ul><li>21 June – 20 September </li></ul><ul><li>29 November – 31 December </li></ul>
  65. 67. 9. The season with cold weather, cloudy sky and usually with snow is …….. <ul><li>spring </li></ul><ul><li>winter </li></ul><ul><li>autumn </li></ul><ul><li>summer </li></ul>
  66. 68. 10. The season with warm weather and fallen leaves and when farmers usually harvest products. <ul><li>autumn </li></ul><ul><li>spring </li></ul><ul><li>winter </li></ul><ul><li>summer </li></ul>
  67. 69. … Mottos… <ul><li>Life is very short and </li></ul><ul><li>time </li></ul><ul><li>is swift. </li></ul><ul><li>Lost time is never </li></ul><ul><li>found again. </li></ul>