Basic Spanish | Lesson 11 | Talking about family

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Culturealley.com/spanish : Learn Spanish for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This lesson will cover family relations, some delightful conversations around introducing your family, brothers and sisters and talking about them. It will also cover possessive adjectives. To study at your own pace, take quizzes and more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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Basic Spanish | Lesson 11 | Talking about family

  1. 1. Father Papá/Padre Lesson 11 | Talking about family Mother Mamá/Madre
  2. 2. ¡Hola! Lesson 11 on Basic Spanish!
  3. 3. Revision English Spanish What?, Which? (+noun) ¿Qué? Which? ¿Cuál? How? ¿Cómo? Who? ¿Quién? – singular; ¿Quiénes? - plural Where? To where? ¿Dónde? ¿A dónde?
  4. 4. I am Yo soy We are Nosotros somos You are (informal) Tú eres You are (plural, informal) Vosotros sois You are (formal) Usted es You are (plural, formal) Ustedes son He / She is Él / Ella es They are Ellos / Ellas son Revision - Forms of 'Ser'
  5. 5. Revision – Forms of verbs Personal pronoun ‘ar’ ending To walk = Caminar ‘er’ ending To eat = Comer ‘ir’ ending To live = Vivir Yo camino como vivo Nosotros caminamos comemos vivimos Tú caminas comes vives Vosotros camináis coméis vivís Usted camina come vive Ustedes caminan comen viven Él/Ella camina come vive Ellos/Ellas caminan comen viven
  6. 6. Revision : Forms of ‘To do’ = Hacer English Spanish I do Yo hago We do Nosotros hacemos You (informal) do Tú haces You (informal, pl) do Vosotros hacéis He/ She/ You (f0rmal) do Él/Ella/ Usted hace They / You (formal, pl) do Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes hacen Not haco
  7. 7. 1 Talking about family & friends Lesson objectives
  8. 8. Today we will learn some basics to help us talk about family and friends! What’s in store today?
  9. 9. Lisa : Hi Mark, Who is she? Mark : Hello! She is my sister, Martha Lisa : Who is he? Mark : He is our father Lisa : And she? Mark : She is our aunt Mark’s aunt : Who is she, Mark? Mark : She is my friend Lisa Today’s conversation
  10. 10. Let’s learn some common relations Time for some new vocabulary!
  11. 11. Family relations English Spanish Father Papá / Padre Mother Mamá / Madre Parents Padres Brother (s) Hermano (s) Sister (s) Hermana (s) Siblings (mixed) Hermanos Son Hijo Daughter Hija
  12. 12. 'H' is always silent in Spanish as we noticed with 'hermana' and 'hermano' Do you remember?
  13. 13. Family relations English Spanish Grandfather Abuelo Grandmother Abuela Grandparents Abuelos Uncle Tío Aunt Tía Cousin (male) Primo Cousin (female) Prima
  14. 14. Friend Amigo/a Other relations
  15. 15. 1 2 3 Mother Try yourself Madre Padre Hermana
  16. 16. 1 2 3 Mother Solution Madre Padre Hermana
  17. 17. 1 2 3 Sister Try yourself Hermano Hermana Hermanas
  18. 18. 1 2 3 Sister Solution Hermano Hermana Hermanas
  19. 19. 1 2 3 Sisters Try yourself Hermano Hermana Hermanas
  20. 20. 1 2 3 Sisters Solution Hermano Hermana Hermanas
  21. 21. 1 2 3 Grandparents Try yourself Abuelos Abuelo Abuela
  22. 22. 1 2 3 Grandparents Solution Abuelos Abuelo Abuela
  23. 23. Let’s look at possessive adjectives (like my, your etc.) which will help us in talking about family and friends Some basics before we start…
  24. 24. Mi hermana My sister Tu hermano Your brother Possessive adjectives show ownership
  25. 25. There are five possessive adjectives English Spanish My Mi (s) Your (informal) Tu (s) His/ Her/ Your (formal)/Their Su (s) Our Nuestro (-a, -os, -as) Your (informal, pl) Vuestro (-a, -os, -as)
  26. 26. Mi, su and tu have just two forms : singular & plural The forms do not vary depending on the gender Forms of : Mi, tu & su English Singular Plural My Mi Mis Your Tu Tus His/ Her/ Your (formal)/ Their Su Sus
  27. 27. The singular and plural forms are determined by the thing being possessed and not the possessor Eg: 'My sister' would use singular form of 'my' = 'mi'; while 'My sisters' would use plural form of 'my' = 'mis' Forms of : Mi, tu & su
  28. 28. Examples English Spanish My (boy) friend Mi amigo My (girl) friend Mi amiga My (boy) friends Mis amigos My (girl) friends Mis amigas
  29. 29. Examples English Spanish Your brother Tu hermano Your brothers Tus hermanos Your sisters Tus hermanas
  30. 30. Examples English Spanish Their sisters Sus hermanas Their brothers Sus hermanos His father Su padre Their sister Su hermana Their father Su padre
  31. 31. 'Their sister' is not ‘Sus hermana’ but ‘Su hermana’ as the possessive adjectives agree (or change) based on the thing being possessed and not the possessor Grammar tip
  32. 32. Su, like tu, can mean ‘your’ The difference between your (tu) and your (su) lies in the degree of formality the speaker wishes to convey Su vs Tu
  33. 33. Eg: My house is your house Mi casa es tu casa (speaking to someone you would address as 'tú') Mi casa es su casa(speaking to someone you would address as 'usted') Su vs Tu
  34. 34. 1 2 3 My (with singular) Try yourself Mis Mi Tu
  35. 35. 1 2 3 My (with singular) Solution Mis Mi Tu
  36. 36. 1 2 3 My sisters Try yourself Mi hermanas Mis hermanas Mi hermana
  37. 37. 1 2 3 My sisters Solution Mi hermanas Mis hermanas Mi hermana
  38. 38. 1 2 3 Their brother Try yourself Su hermano Sus hermano Sus hermanos
  39. 39. 1 2 3 Their brother Solution Su hermano Sus hermano Sus hermanos
  40. 40. 1 2 3 His brothers Try yourself Su hermano Sus hermano Sus hermanos
  41. 41. 1 2 3 His brothers Solution Su hermano Sus hermano Sus hermanos
  42. 42. 1 2 3 My (girl) friends Try yourself Mi amiga Mi amigo Mis amigas
  43. 43. 1 2 3 My (girl) friends Solution Mi amiga Mi amigo Mis amigas
  44. 44. English Spanish Our brother Nuestro hermano Our brothers Nuestros hermanos Our sister Nuestra hermana Our sisters Nuestras hermanas Nuestro (our) has four forms
  45. 45. English Spanish Your brother Vuestro hermano Your brothers Vuestros hermanos Your sister Vuestra hermana Your sisters Vuestras hermanas Vuestro (your, informal plural) has four forms
  46. 46. 1 2 3 Our (male) cousins Try yourself Nuestros primos Nuestros primo Nuestro primos
  47. 47. 1 2 3 Our (male) cousins Solution Nuestros primos Nuestros primo Nuestro primos
  48. 48. 1 2 3 Your (informal, plural) sister Try yourself Vuestro hermano Vuestras hermana Vuestra hermana
  49. 49. 1 2 3 Your (informal, plural) sister Solution Vuestro hermano Vuestras hermana Vuestra hermana
  50. 50. 1 2 3 Your (informal, plural) sisters Try yourself Vuestra hermanas Vuestras hermanas Vuestra hermana
  51. 51. 1 2 3 Your (informal, plural) sisters Solution Vuestra hermanas Vuestras hermanas Vuestra hermana
  52. 52. Lisa : Hi Mark, Who is she? Mark : Hello! She is my sister, Martha Lisa : Who is he? Mark : He is our father Lisa : And she? Mark : She is our aunt Mark’s aunt : Who is she Mark? Mark : She is my friend Lisa Time for some conversations!
  53. 53. Speaker English Spanish Lisa Hi! Mark, Who is she? ¡Hola! Mark, ¿Quién es ella? Mark Hi! She is my sister, Martha ¡Hola! Ella es mi hermana, Martha Lisa Who is he? ¿Quién es él? Mark He is our father Él es nuestro padre Conversation (part 1)
  54. 54. Speaker English Spanish Lisa And she? ¿Y ella? Mark She is our aunt Ella es nuestra tía Mark’s aunt Who is she, Mark? ¿Quién es ella, Mark? Mark She is my friend, Lisa Ella es mi amiga, Lisa Conversation (part 2)
  55. 55. Revision : Possessive adjectives English Spanish My Mi (s) Your (informal) Tu (s) His/ Her/ Your (formal)/Their Su (s) Our Nuestro (-a, -os, -as) Your (informal, pl) Vuestro (-a, -os, -as)
  56. 56. Revision : Family relations English Spanish Father Papá / Padre Mother Mamá / Madre Parents Padres Brother (s) Hermano (s) Sister (s) Hermana (s) Siblings (mixed) Hermanos Son Hijo Daughter Hija
  57. 57. Revision : Family relations English Spanish Grandfather Abuelo Grandmother Abuela Grandparents Abuelos Uncle Tío Aunt Tía Cousin (male) Primo Cousin (female) Prima
  58. 58. Culture Leaf
  59. 59. Culture leaf : Bullfighting Bullfighting is certainly one of the most popular yet perhaps the most controversial Spanish customs Bullfighting (19th century) Depicted by painter Édouard Manet
  60. 60. It is a traditional spectacle of Spain, Portugal, southern France and some American countries (Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Peru) One or more bulls are baited, and then killed in a bullring for sport and entertainment Culture leaf : Bullfighting
  61. 61. Supporters of bullfighting argue that it is a culturally important tradition and a fully developed art form, while animal rights advocates hold that it is a blood sport resulting in the suffering of the bulls Culture leaf : Bullfighting
  62. 62. In the next lesson, we will learn some advanced conversations around talking about family and friends! What’s next?
  63. 63. Content Team CultureAlley, Okairy Zuñiga, Tomasa Merino http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bullfighting Voice over Jorge Garcia Rey Images http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Edouard_Manet_063.jp g Credits
  64. 64. See you at the Alley!
  65. 65. Lesson 12 | Talking about family and friends part II !

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