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Lecon06

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Lecon06

  1. 1. ZLU1242<br />Leçon 6<br />
  2. 2. Recap<br />Can you count from 0 to 10 in French?<br />How does an adjective work in a French sentence?<br />What type of adjectives are placed in front of a noun?<br />
  3. 3. Crunch on these!<br />11 – onze<br />12 – douze<br />13 – treize<br />14 – quatorze<br />15 – quinze<br />16 – seize<br />17 – dix-sept<br />18 – dix-huit<br />19 – dix-neuf<br />
  4. 4. How to remember the numbers from 21 - 69<br />All you need to know is what 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 are:<br />20 – vingt<br />30 – trente<br />40 – quarante<br />50 – cinquante<br />60 – soixante<br />21, 31, 41, 51 and 61 is each number and add ‘et un’, example<br />Vingt et un, trente et un, quarante et un etc.<br />
  5. 5. … continué<br />What about other numbers?<br />Just like English:<br />22 (twenty two) = vingt-deux<br />23 (twenty three) = vingt-trois<br />32 (thirty two) = trente-deux<br />33 (thirty three) = trente-trois<br />So, 69 (sixty nine) = soixante-neuf<br />Note the – (hyphen) when spelling the numbers in French<br />
  6. 6. Donc, quelssontcesnuméros?<br />39<br />45<br />36<br />67<br />52<br />54<br />23<br />28<br />Trente-neuf<br />Quarante-cinq<br />Trente-six<br />Soixante-sept<br />Cinquante-deux<br />Cinquante-quatre<br />Vingt-trois<br />Vingt-huit<br />
  7. 7. Telling Time<br />Quelleheureest-il?<br />What time is it?<br />Il est … heures. (Il estxxh)<br />It is … o’clock<br />Il estuneheure. (Il est 1h)<br />It is one o’clock.<br />Il estdeuxheures. (Il est 2h)<br />It is two o’clock.<br />
  8. 8. Morning or night?<br />Morning<br />Du matin<br />Afternoon<br />De l’après-midi<br />Evening<br />Du soir<br />
  9. 9. How does it work?<br />Use ‘du matin’ from 01.00 hrs until 11.59 hrs<br />Use ‘de l’après-midi’ from 13.01 hrs to 16.59 hrs<br />From 17.00 hrs to 23.59 hrs, use ‘du soir’<br />
  10. 10. So it leaves…<br />00.00 – 00.59 hrs : minuit (midnight)<br />12.00 – 12.59 hrs : midi (midday)<br />Therefore:<br />12.00 am = minuit<br />12.00 pm = midi<br />
  11. 11. 15, 30, 45 …<br />In English at 15 minutes interval, one might say ‘a quarter after …’<br />At 30 minutes interval, one might say ‘half past …’<br />At 45 minutes interval, one might say ‘a quarter to …’<br />In French, 15 minutes: x h et quart<br />In French, 30 minutes: x h et demie<br />In French, 45 minutes: (x+1) h moins le quart<br />
  12. 12. Between 46th minute and the hour<br />You need to do some maths on your part<br />It goes backward<br />If it is 7.53 am, you would say<br />Il est8 h moinssept (In English: 7 minutes to 8)<br />If it is 11.47 pm, you would say<br />Il estminuitmoinstreize (13 mins to midnight)<br />Of course, you can always say, respectively<br />Il est 7 h cinquante-trois du matin<br />Il est 11 h quarante-sept du soir …<br />
  13. 13. Et donc, quelleheureest-il?<br />9.39pm<br />10.40am<br />12.09pm<br />1.38am<br />7.30pm<br />9.15am<br />5.49pm<br />5.49am<br />11.49pm<br />
  14. 14. Some questions on time<br />You have already learnt how to ask for the time<br />Quelleheureest-il?<br />If you need to ask ‘what time …”<br />A quelle heure …<br />Tuétudies à quelleheure?<br />J’étudie à 9h du soir.<br />Il danseà quelleheure?<br />Il danse à 10h et demie.<br />Elle chanteà quelleheure?<br />Elle chante à midi.<br />
  15. 15. The irregular verb “aller”<br />Aller (to go)<br />An important verb<br />When conjugated + an infinitive  near future<br />je vais nous allons<br />tu vas vousallez<br />il, elle, on vails, ellesvont<br />I go, I am going we go, we are going<br />you go, you are going you go, you are going<br />he, she, one goes they are going<br />
  16. 16. … continué<br />Je vaisétudier I am going to study<br />Tu vas danser  You are going to dance<br />Il va chanter  He is going to sing<br />Nous allonsregarder la télévision  We are going to watch television<br />Vousallezécouter la radio  You are going to listen to the radio<br />Ilsvonttéléphoner à uneamie  They are going to call a female friend<br />
  17. 17. Assignment to be done at home and handed in on Thursday.<br />Find the meaning and the conjugation for all these verbs:<br />Acheter<br />Boire<br />Manger<br />Lire<br />Dire<br />Vendre<br />Écrire<br />Dormir<br />Entendre<br />Apprendre<br />
  18. 18. Let’s revisit ‘avoir’<br />What does it mean?<br />Do you remember the conjugation?<br />J’ai Nous avons<br />Tu as Vousavez<br />Il a Ilsont<br />
  19. 19. Expressions with ‘avoir’<br />Some French expressions use ‘avoir’ as part of them, but it has the connotation of ‘to be’ in English<br />avoirpeur (to be scared)<br />avoir xx ans (to be xx years old)<br />avoirsommeil (to be sleepy)<br />avoirsoif (to be thirsty)<br />avoirfaim (to be hungry)<br />avoir tort (to be wrong)<br />avoir raison (to be right)<br />avoirbesoin de (to need)<br />avoirenvie de (to want, to feel like [do s’thing])<br />avoir mal (to hurt [à la tête, à la gorge, aux yeux])<br />avoirchaud (to be hot)<br />avoirfroid (to be cold)<br />
  20. 20. Examples<br />avoirpeur J’ai peur des fantômes<br />avoirxx ans Il a 46 ans<br />avoirsommeil Nous avonssommeil<br />avoirsoif J’aisoif<br />avoirfaim Elle a faim<br />avoir tort  Ilsont tort<br />avoir raison  Vousavez raison<br />avoirbesoinde  J’aibesoin de marcher<br />avoirenvie de  Nous avonsenvied’étudier<br />avoir mal  J’ai mal à la tête<br />
  21. 21. Let’s try if you can make this into French<br />My name is François. I am French. I am a bad student. I am 18 years old. I have a family (unefamille). I have 2 brothers (frères) and 3 sisters (sœurs). I have a white car, I don’t have a white pen. I don’t like to study. I like to play games (jouer les jeux). But I am going to have an examination, so (donc) I need to study. I have a headache now (maintenant). Good bye!<br />
  22. 22. La traduction<br />Je m’appelle François. Je suis français. Je suis un mauvais étudiant. J’ai 18 ans. J’ai une famille. J’ai 2 frères et 3 sœurs. J’ai une auto blanche, je n’ai pas de stylo blanc. Je n’aime pas étudier. J’aime jouer les jeux. Mais je vais avoir un examen, donc j’ai besoin d’étudier. J’ai mal à la tête maintenant. Au revoir!<br />
  23. 23. La fin<br />Grenoble, France<br />

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