Basic Spanish | Lesson 5 | Introduce yourself and make new friends!

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culturealley.com/spanish : Learn Spanish for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This lesson covers conversations around introducing oneself, asking and telling name, gender, place of origin and profession. It will cover conversations like 'What is your name?', 'My name is __', 'I am from ___', 'I am a student' and many more.To study this at your own pace, take quizzes and explore more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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Basic Spanish | Lesson 5 | Introduce yourself and make new friends!

  1. 1. I am from Chicago Soy de Chicago Lesson 5 | Introduce yourself
  2. 2. ¡Hola! Lesson 5 on Basic Spanish!
  3. 3. I am Yo soy We are Nosotros somos You are Tú eres You are (plural) Vosotros sois You are (formal) Usted es You are (plural, formal) Ustedes son He / She is Él / Ella es They are Ellos / ellas son Revision
  4. 4. 1 Introducing yourself Lesson objectives
  5. 5. English Spanish What? ¿Qué? Which? ¿Cuál? Interrogations used today There are exceptions to these translations, we will learn these as we go along
  6. 6. In Spanish, it is necessary to use the question marks at the start and end of a question This is done to communicate the tone of the statement (question tone) ¿ ? ¿Cuántos años tienes? (How old are you?) Grammar tip
  7. 7. Interrogative words have a written accent (á / é) because they are used, unaccented, in other ways such as: La veo a ella cuando voy a la escuela (I see her when I go to school) ¿Cuándo vas a la escuela? (When do you go to the school?) Grammar tip
  8. 8. What is your name? Introductions
  9. 9. Introductions What is your name? ¿Qué es tu nombre? tu = your
  10. 10. ‘Qué’ and 'Cúal' are both used as translations for 'what' Although, ‘Cuál’ is literally closer to ‘which’; it is used as 'what' to ask for answers which may have several possibilities Eg: ¿Cuál es tu problema? (What is your problem?) Cuál is usually used to indicate a selection, or choice of possibilities while Qué is generally used to elicit a definition Eg: ¿Qué significa 'talanquera'? (What does 'talanquera' mean?) Cuál is usually used before 'es' and other forms of 'ser' when not seeking a definition Grammar tip : Why we don’t use ‘Qué’
  11. 11. Since 'What is your name' may have any possible answer and is not really seeking a definition, we use Cúal Grammar tip : Why we don’t use ‘Qué’
  12. 12. What is your name? ¿Cuál es tu nombre? Introductions tu = your es = is
  13. 13. Tu (without an accent) = your (possessive) Tú (with accent) = you We will cover all possessive pronouns in future lessons Remember!
  14. 14. 1 2 3 Your name Pick the right option Tu nombre Mi nombre Tú nombre
  15. 15. 1 2 3 Your name Solution Tu nombre Mi nombre Tú nombre
  16. 16. ¿Cómo te llamas? is also commonly used to ask people’s names However, it literally translates to 'How do you call yourself?' Grammar Tip
  17. 17. My name is Mark Introductions
  18. 18. Introductions My name is Mark Mi nombre es Mark My = Mi
  19. 19. Introductions My name is Mark Mi nombre es Mark Mi = My Es = Is
  20. 20. 1 2 3 My name is Lisa Try yourself – Pick the right option Mi nombre Lisa Mi nombre es Lisa Tu nombre is Lisa
  21. 21. 1 2 3 My name is Lisa Solution Mi nombre Lisa Mi nombre es Lisa Tu nombre is Lisa
  22. 22. Introductions - Professions I am a Student (Yo) soy estudiante Pronoun can be omitted
  23. 23. Yo soy = I am In Spanish ‘yo’ can be omitted as it's understood that when we use ‘soy’, we are referring to ‘I’ I am = Soy (am) Grammar tip
  24. 24. A student can also be translated as ‘un/ una estudiante’ to make it more complete By using ‘un/una’ you reveal the gender = male/ female student Soy un estudiante = I am a (male) student Soy una estudiante = I am a (female) student Grammar Tip
  25. 25. The 'u' in Un is pronounced as ‘oo’ as in Ubuntu and not like the 'u' in Umbrella Pronunciation tip
  26. 26. Introductions - Professions profesor is spelled with a single ‘s’ English Spanish Tip I'm an Engineer (Yo) soy ingeniero/a ingeniero = male ingeniera = female I am a Doctor (Yo) soy médico/a médico = male médica = female I am a Teacher/ Professor (Yo) soy profesor/ora profesor = male profesora = female
  27. 27. Did you notice the pronunciation of ingeniero? 'g' when followed by 'e/i' takes up the sound of a stressed 'h' Pronunciation tip
  28. 28. Note that the names of professions like ingeniero / profesor etc. are not capitalized? This is because introductory titles are not capitalized in Spanish although their common abbreviations (such as Dr. for doctor) are! Grammar tip
  29. 29. Introductions - Gender English Spanish I am a boy Soy chico I am a girl Soy chica
  30. 30. We don't add un / una before professions such as ingeniero / ingeniera (engineer) or words such as chico / chica as the last letter of the word itself reveals gender However in case of ‘estudiante’ the word itself does not reveal gender hence we added un / una Grammar tip
  31. 31. I am from Chicago Introductions - Location
  32. 32. Introductions - Location I am from Chicago Yo soy de Chicago
  33. 33. Introductions - Location I am from Chicago (Yo) soy de Chicago Pronoun can be omitted
  34. 34. Let's revise! English Spanish Tip I am Mark Yo soy Mark Can also omit pronoun My name is Lisa Mi nombre es Lisa I am a boy Soy chico I am a student Soy una estudiante Female student I am a girl Soy chica I'm from Chicago Yo soy de Chicago Can also omit pronoun
  35. 35. 1 2 3 Male student Try yourself estudiante Un estudiante Una estudiante
  36. 36. 1 2 3 Male student Solution estudiante Un estudiante Una estudiante
  37. 37. 1 2 3 Doctor (female) Try yourself Una médica médica Un médica
  38. 38. 1 2 3 Doctor (female) Solution Una médica médica Un médica
  39. 39. Now that you know how to introduce yourself and talk about what you do…let’s look at some other basic phrases while asking for introductions Let’s move on…
  40. 40. Introductions What is your phone number? ¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono?
  41. 41. Cuál is used to indicate a selection, or choice of possibilities while Qué is generally used to elicit a definition Since questions like 'What is your name' and 'What is your telephone number' are not seeking a definition we use Cuál Which form of 'what' to use?
  42. 42. número de teléfono = number of telephone Grammar tip
  43. 43. Introductions My phone number is _______ Mi número de teléfono es ______ Mi = My De = Of
  44. 44. English Spanish Name Nombre Student estudiante Boy Chico Engineer ingeniero /a Doctor médico /a Teacher profesor /ora Phone number Número de teléfono Revision - Word list
  45. 45. English Spanish What? ¿Qué? Which? ¿Cuál? Revision : Interrogations
  46. 46. Revision English Spanish Tip I am Mark Yo soy Mark Can also omit pronoun What is your name? ¿Cuál es tu nombre? ¿Cómo te llamas? can also be used My name is Lisa Mi nombre es Lisa I'm from Chicago Yo soy de Chicago Can also omit pronoun
  47. 47. Culture leaf
  48. 48. Culture leaf La Tomatina festival is held in the Valencian town of Buñol, in Spain Participants throw tomatoes and get involved in a tomato fight purely for fun. It is held on the last Wednesday of August http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomatina
  49. 49. In the next lesson we will learn some basic verbs to build our vocabulary and some conversations around them! What’s next?
  50. 50. Content Okairy Zuñiga http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomatina Pictures Jorge Garcia Rey Pictures http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki File:Tomatina_2006.jpg; User : Lobo Credits
  51. 51. See you at the Alley!
  52. 52. Lesson 6 | Forms of verbs

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