Region 9

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Region 9

  1. 1. Region 9: Zamboanga Peninsula
  2. 2. Location/Composition
  3. 3. The Region 9 or Zamboanga Peninsula, as it is known now, was formerly Western Mindanao is in the southernmost portion of the country. It is bounded by: Sulu Sea on the north; Illana Bay and Moro Gulf on the south; Misamis Occidental, Lanao del Norte and Panguil Bay on the east; and the Celebes Sea on the west.
  4. 4. It now has three provinces and five cities — the provinces of Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga Sibugay, and Zamboanga del Sur as well as the cities of Dapitan, Dipolog, Pagadian, Zamboanga, and Isabela.
  5. 5. Physiography
  6. 6. •The Zamboanga Peninsula is surrounded by bodies of water; the region relied on fishing as one of its major industries. •Bays: Sindangan, Sibuco, Sibuguey, Dumanquilas, Maligay, Taguite & Pagadian •Rivers: Kumalarang, Sibuguey, Dinas & Labangas.
  7. 7. ZAMBOANGA RANGE – forms the backbone of the Zamboanga Peninsula stretching from Mt. Dabiak in Zamboanga del Norte and arching to Zamboanga City in the Southwest. NO ACTIVE VOLCANOES
  8. 8. •Zamboanga del Norte – hilly & mountainous with plains along the coastlines. •Zamboanga del Sur – flat coastal plain with interior mountains.
  9. 9. Maps
  10. 10. Climate Dry Season from November to April. Wet Season from May to October.
  11. 11. Provinces Zamboanga del Norte Zamboanga del Sur Zamboanga Sibugay
  12. 12. Cities Zamboanga Dapitan Dipolog Pagadian Isabela
  13. 13. Zamboanga City In 2006, Zamboanga City was re- labeled from "City of Flowers" to "Asia's Latin City". The new label is the brainchild of Mayor. Celso L. Lobregat believing that this was a more relevant and significant label given the fact that the people of Zamboanga speak Chavacano,
  14. 14. a local dialect composed of Eighty percent (80%) Spanish words and the remaining Twenty percent (20%) a mixture of other local dialects such as Visayan, Ilonggo, Subanon, Yakan and Tausug.
  15. 15. Dapitan City The City of Dapitan is also known as the "Shrine City in the Philippines" because the place where Jose Rizal, the National Hero, was exiled. It is also known for the old St. James Parish and the beautiful beach resort of Dakak. The city continues to exude an atmosphere of primeval charm amidst a growing presence of modern-day sophistication.
  16. 16. Dipolog City The City of Dipolog is also known as the "Gateway to Western Mindanao" and "Orchid City" of the Philippines and the "Bottled Sardines Capital of the Philippines." Peace-loving and genial Dipolognons proudly celebrate their rich culture and colorful history. It is a city whose rich natural wonders beckon everyone to its natural shores.
  17. 17. Pagadian City The City of Pagadian is also known as the "Little Hongkong of the South― because of its topographical feature that is reminiscent of Hongkong, China. It also has an affluent Chinese community that officially celebrates the Chinese Lunar New Year. The city of Pagadian is the regional center of Zamboanga Peninsula.
  18. 18. Isabela City - is a component city and capital of the province of Basilan. Isabela City continues be under the jurisdiction of Basilan for the administration of provincially-devolved services and functions. But for the administration of regional services, the city is part of the Zamboanga Peninsula Region despite the rest of Basilan being under the authority of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.
  19. 19. Population & Demography
  20. 20. •In the latest census count of 2007, the total population of Region 9 reached 3.230 million, up from 2.831 million recorded in census year 2000. •Yearly average increase of 57,000 people •Region IX accounts for 15% of Mindanao’s population and about 3.6% of the national population of 88.6 million. •1.83% average annual growth rate
  21. 21. •Population will reach 3.487 million in 2010 and 4.205 million by 2020. •Zamboanga City has the largest and fastest growing population. (3.54% annually) •More people reside in rural areas. •There are slightly more males than females. •People with ages 15-64 years old comprised a larger percentage of the population.
  22. 22. Ethnic Composition
  23. 23. About a third of the region’s population is composed of ethnic people. These groups, usually erroneously classified under the general heading of Muslims, are actually distinct from each other in culture. They are generally divided into the Tausugs, Yakans, Badjaos, Samals, and the Subanons of Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, and Zamboanga Sibugay.
  24. 24. Subanens
  25. 25. The Subanens are considered the aborigines of Zamboanga, settling in the city before the Spaniards occupied it. The term Subanen, derived from Suba (river), means People of the River. The Subanens form a single distinctive cultural and linguistic group and are mostly farmers who grow upland rice, root, and tree crops.
  26. 26. Badjaos
  27. 27. Often referred to as the Philippine “sea gypsies”, the Badjaos, until recently, spent their lives on their small boats which frequent the waters around the numerous islands of the Sulu Archipelago. Today, about two-thirds of the Tawi- Tawi Badjaos still use boats as permanent living quarters. Some of their villages are in fact flotillas.
  28. 28. The Badjaos are of two groups: the southern Badjaos of Sulu and Tawi-Tawi, who call themselves a single “bangsa” or ethnic group; and the northern Badjaos (the Basilan and Zamboanga groups). Though water people, they go on land and are buried on land. They make frequent trips to their cemeteries to seek favors from spirits of their deceased ancestors and relatives.
  29. 29. Samas
  30. 30. The Samas are a grouping of tribes that generally inhabit the shorelines of northern and southern Sulu, Tawi-Tawi, Basilan, as well as the Zamboanga Peninsula and nearby islands. They are peace-loving people whose means of livelihood is fishing. Their staple food is the cassava or puto as it is locally called. They also eat fruits and vegetables, showing a partiality to mangoes.
  31. 31. Their principal musical instrument is the gabbang or nose flute. Seven Sama groups inhabit Zamboanga City: the Sama Banguingui, Sama Laminusa, Sama Ubian, Sama Siasi, Sama Daungung, Sama Kaunlunga, and Sama Bitali.
  32. 32. Tausugs
  33. 33. The Tausugs, considered the most politically dominant group in the Sulu Archipelago, inhabit the island of Jolo and are dispersed into several communities in the smaller islands of Tawi-Tawi, Basilan, and Southern Palawan. They have a rich culture, an amalgam of different cultures and foreign influence that dates back to as early as the 13th century,
  34. 34. when Sulu was trading with China, India, the East Indies, Arabia, and Japan. They formed the Sultanate of Sulu in the 15th century. Jolo, which has been the seat of power, is predominantly Tausug. Fishing is one occupation many Tausugs are engaged in. They also plant upland rice inter-cropped with cassava, coconut, abaca, and coffee.
  35. 35. Yakans
  36. 36. Yakan enclaves are however, also found in Isabela City and nearby Zamboanga City. They are peace-loving people, originally pagans until the spread of Islam in the island. Yakan men and women are distinguished by skin-tight trousers and bulky waist sashes which serve as protection from bladed weapons or as hummocks in the hills at night.
  37. 37. These days, Yakans are engaged in both dry and wet agriculture. They grow upland rice, corn, coconut, and root crops. Hunting continues but is mainly for amusement. They boast of their intricately designed hand-woven cloth which no other tribe in the country can imitate.
  38. 38. The loom that they use, being the type normally used in Indonesia, has one end fastened to the wall and the other, ending in a cord, is worn around the waist of the weaver.
  39. 39. Religion
  40. 40. According to statistics compiled by the Philippine government, the most dominant religion in the city is Christianity with 73% of the population adhering to the faith. The majority of Christians are Roman Catholics with minorities of Protestants, Iglesia Ni Cristo and Jesus Miracle Crusade. The remaining 27% percent belongs to other non-Christian faiths such as Islam and Buddhism.
  41. 41. Catholics - The city contains the first Catholic diocese in Mindanao, today's Archdiocese of Zamboanga which was created in 1910 and elevated to an archbishopric in 1958. Protestants - With the inception of the American era, Other religions were introduced. Seventh Day Adventists, Church of Latter day Saints, Iglesia Ni Cristo and United Church of Christ in the Philippines are included.
  42. 42. Muslims - The Muslims have been an integral part of Zamboanga City since the beginning. Before any other religions were practiced in Zamboanga City, the Muslim religion already had a firm hold of the area.
  43. 43. It is estimated that approximately 22% of the people in Zamboanga City are Muslims. Some barangays of Zamboanga City are populated by 100% Muslim. These barangays with Muslim majority population, do not celebrate "Fiestas". Instead, they celebrate Hari Raya.
  44. 44. Languages and Dialects
  45. 45. •Chavacano: Spanish-based Creole language (derived from the Spanish word "chabacano", meaning "poor taste," "vulgar," "common," "of low quality”) •Cebuano (Bisaya) •Zamboangueño •Magindanaon •Sama •Subanon (Tuboy-Salog; Kanluranin/Siocon; Lapuyan)
  46. 46. Cultural Festivals
  47. 47. •Hudyaka Festival – celebrate founding of Zamboanga del Norte
  48. 48. •Sibug-Sibug Festival – celebrate founding of Zamboanga Sibugay
  49. 49. •Buklog Festival - thanksgiving festival of the Subanen
  50. 50. •Kinabayo Festival – held in Dapitan City and Zamboanga del Norte; colorful pageant re-enacting the Spanish-Moorish wars.
  51. 51. •The Hermosa Festival or the Zamboanga La Hermosa Festival or popularly known as Fiesta Pilar (held in Zamboanga City)
  52. 52. *Held in honor of the miraculous image of Our Lady of the Pillar, the patroness of Zamboanga City which is held every October 12
  53. 53. •Megayon Festival - highlights the cultural diversity of the three groups of people that populate Zamboanga del Sur *Unique cultural dances, traditional costumes
  54. 54. Art: weaving, basketry, metalwork Music: kulintang ensemble (gandingan, dabakan, etc.)
  55. 55. Agriculture and Fisheries
  56. 56. •Total agricultural land area comprised almost half of the entire land area (45.2%). •Due to the increase in the no. of farms and area planted over 1991 estimates, the average farm size increased from 2.87 ha. (per farm) to 3.11 ha. in 2002. •Area harvested likewise increased by 5.8%.
  57. 57. •ZAMBOANGA DEL NORTE has the highest number of farms. The total farms for the province accounted for 41.2 % of the total farms in the region. •PALAY is the major temporary crop in the region. Total palay production increased by 2.62%. •COCONUT is the dominant permanent crop.
  58. 58. •All provinces have the same top three crops namely, COCONUT, RUBBER & BANANA both in 2002 and 1991. •Zamboanga City showed a large increase in fishery production, which offset the declines in other provinces. •Region 9 makes up 10% of aquaculture production in the country. (2nd among regions)
  59. 59. •SARDINES CAPITAL of the Philippines • i.e. With companies such as Mega Fishing Corporation based in the region •Supplies 70% of the Philippine domestic requirements for DRIED FISH
  60. 60. •Total of 104 big dried fish processors in the region •Dipolog City in Zamboanga del Norte is renowned for pioneering the production of in-glass or bottled sardines in the country. •Region 9 ranks third in terms of seaweeds production contributing roughly 12% of the total national output.
  61. 61. Natural Tourist Attractions
  62. 62. The region is blessed with numerous tourist attractions. Besides many enchanting islands and islets, there are cultural and historical shrines as well as exotic scenic spots and pristine beaches. Among these are Santa Cruz Island, Vista del Mar, Zamboanga Golf and Country Club, and Dakak Beach Resort.
  63. 63. . Vintas (slim boats) with colorful sails and a number of beautiful mosques are just a few of its ethnic attractions. Fort Pilar in Zamboanga City, a walled fortification built by the Spaniards and the Shrine of Dr. Jose P. Rizal, the Philippine national hero, in Dapitan City, are a must-see for historical buffs.
  64. 64. Sta. Cruz Island Known for its pinkish sand beach which gets its unique hue from coral bits washed up from the sea bottom. The island is ideal for swimming, skin/scuba diving, beachcombing, and sunbathing.
  65. 65. Vista del Mar The beach itself is lacking in its content and visual appeal, but nevertheless remains popular with city residents and continues to attract throngs of people into its warm shallow waters.
  66. 66. Zamboanga Golf and Country Club The lack of sand bunker hazards is noticeable, as is the abundance of trees. The front nine of this course is relatively flatter and straighter than the back nine, which is more of a challenge. Enjoy the view of the Basilan Strait as you play in this 18-hole golfing paradise.
  67. 67. Dakak Beach Resort The closest place to paradise one could ever experience, with its beauty and serenity. Dakak started operating on 1988, was conveniently positioned in the southern part of the Philippines and surrounded by mountains in its west. Situated at Taguilon, Dapitan City, Zamboanga del Norte, Dakak tactfully eludes the typhoon belt, making it anideal all-season destination for travelers
  68. 68. Fort Pilar in Zamboanga City Fort Pilar houses the National Museum. It has wide collections of cultural memorabilia and paintings which could be a good reference for the history of the people of Zamboanga.
  69. 69. Vintas The vinta (locally known as lepa- lepa or sakayan) is a traditional boat found in the Philippine island of Mindanao. These boats are made by Bajau and Moros living in the Sulu Archipelago, Zamboanga peninsula, and southern Mindanao. It has a sail with assorted vertical colors that represents the colorful culture and history of the Muslim community. These boats are used for inter- island transport of people and goods.
  70. 70. Shrine of Dr. Jose P. Rizal Rizal’s Bedroom. Rizal House Sala of House Dormitory and School Kitchen
  71. 71. THE END! 

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