Child Labour

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Child Labour:
Causes and Remedies discussed.

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Child Labour

  1. 1.
  2. 2. PRESENTORS<br />Ahmad Ijaz 2010-CH-65<br />Donia Zainab 2010-CH-21<br />Samia Mehdi 2010-CH-13<br />Sidra Ishtiaq 2010-CH-19<br />
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION<br />
  4. 4. HUMAN BEINGS<br /><ul><li>the most superior creation of Allah Almighty.
  5. 5. has the ability to think and meditate.
  6. 6. made remarkable progress in every walk of life.</li></li></ul><li>PHASES OF MAN’S LIFE<br /><ul><li>Child (birth – 17 yrs)
  7. 7. Adults (18 – 25 yrs)
  8. 8. Youth (25 – 50 yrs)
  9. 9. Old (50 - death)</li></li></ul><li> CHILDREN<br /><ul><li> The flowers of heaven.
  10. 10. Most beautiful and purest creation.
  11. 11. Innocent both inwardly and </li></ul>outwardly.<br /><ul><li> Beauty of this world. </li></li></ul><li>CONT’D<br />When children put on different kinds of clothes and begin to go to schools for the sake of knowledge. We feel a specific joy through their innocence.<br />BUT…..<br />
  12. 12. CONT’D<br />There are children who cannot: <br /><ul><li>Wear good clothes.
  13. 13. Eat good food.
  14. 14. Go to school to acquire knowledge.</li></ul>INSTEAD….<br />They have to kill all their dreams and work hard to earn living.<br />
  15. 15. CHILD LABOUR<br />
  16. 16. CONTENTS<br /><ul><li>What child labor is…???
  17. 17. Islamic perspectives
  18. 18. Sectors employing child labor
  19. 19. Causes
  20. 20. Worst forms of child labor
  21. 21. Comparison
  22. 22. Problems
  23. 23. Remedies
  24. 24. Statistics
  25. 25. Laws
  26. 26. Progress rate of a country
  27. 27. Point to ponder
  28. 28. Conclusion</li></li></ul><li>DEFINITIONS<br />UNICEF DEFINITION<br /><ul><li>UNICEF defines “child” as anyone below the age of 18.
  29. 29. “Child Labor” as some type of work performed by children below age 18. </li></li></ul><li>CONT’D<br />CONVENTIONAL DEFINITION:<br /><ul><li>children working before they reached the lawful minimum age for employment in their country.
  30. 30. nowadays 14 to 15 years world wide.
  31. 31. 16 years in UK.</li></li></ul><li>CONT’D<br />LATEST DEFINITION:<br /> refers to all young people engaged in harmful employment, whether they are school-age or older.<br />
  32. 32. ISLAMIC PRESPECTIVE<br /><ul><li>All human beings are equal.
  33. 33. importance of the children rights.
  34. 34. Our beloved Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W) and children.</li></ul>Children should be taught to write and read.<br />BUT……………<br />
  35. 35. SECTORS EMPLOYING CHILD LABOUR<br /><ul><li>Carpet Industry
  36. 36. Football Industry
  37. 37. Begging
  38. 38. Household Labor
  39. 39. Silk Industry
  40. 40. Agriculture Sector</li></li></ul><li>CAUSES<br /><ul><li>Poverty
  41. 41. Lack Of Resources
  42. 42. Unemployment
  43. 43. Illiteracy
  44. 44. Urbanization
  45. 45. Over Population
  46. 46. Drug Addiction
  47. 47. Orphans</li></li></ul><li>WORST FORMS OF CHILD LABOUR<br />
  48. 48. CONT’DHarmful types of work involving anyoneUnder 18, includes:<br />● Forms of slavery, servitude and forced labor<br />● Commercial sexual exploitation <br />● illicit activities;<br />● Hazardous work that damages the lives, health or morals of those involved.<br />
  49. 49. PREFERRING CHILD LABOUR ……!!!<br /><ul><li>CHEAP
  50. 50. OBEDIENT
  51. 51. EASY TO THREATEN
  52. 52. NIMBLE FINGERS</li></li></ul><li>COMPARISON<br />
  53. 53. SLEEPING WAY<br />
  54. 54.
  55. 55. EATING HABITS<br />
  56. 56.
  57. 57. WAYS OF ENJOYMENT<br />
  58. 58.
  59. 59. WORKING<br />
  60. 60.
  61. 61. PLAYING<br />
  62. 62.
  63. 63. EDUCATION<br />
  64. 64.
  65. 65. We need to see both sides of the picture…We just can’t close our EYES, IGNORE and THINK, things would get better one day... <br />
  66. 66. PROBLEMS FACED BY CHILD LABORERS<br /><ul><li>Physical Injuries
  67. 67. Psychological Problems
  68. 68. Less Wages Paid
  69. 69. Torturing
  70. 70. Malnutrition
  71. 71. Growth Deficiency
  72. 72. Pesticide Poisoning
  73. 73. Illicit Activities</li></li></ul><li>REMEDIES<br /><ul><li>Compulsion of free education
  74. 74. Improving and enforcing laws
  75. 75. Controlled population
  76. 76. Balance in production and consumption
  77. 77. Raise of family income
  78. 78. Antinarcotics agencies
  79. 79. Government efforts</li></li></ul><li>STATISTICS<br /><ul><li>Today, more than 350 million children, aged from 5 to 17, are at work.
  80. 80. 73 million working children are less than 10 years old.
  81. 81. Out of approximately 211 million working children under the age of 15 yrs, more than half (over 120 million) are involved in the “worst forms”.</li></li></ul><li>STATISTICS IN PAKISTAN<br /><ul><li>50% percent of the economically active children are in age group of 5 to 9 years.
  82. 82. Out of these 3.8 million economically active workers, 2.7 million were claimed to be children.
  83. 83. in the agriculture sector. 73% of them were said to be boys.
  84. 84. During the last year, the Federal Bureau of Statistics released the results of its survey. The findings were that 3.8 million children of age group 5-14 years is working in Pakistan out of total 40 million children in this age group.
  85. 85. While buffaloes may cost up to 15,000 rupees, children are sold at prices between 500 and 2,000 rupees. </li></li></ul><li>LAWS FOR CHILD LABOURERS<br />
  86. 86. THE CHILD LABOUR Prohibition and Regulation ACT, 1986<br /><ul><li>OBJECT
  87. 87. WEEKLY HOLIDAY
  88. 88. HOURS AND PERIOD OF WORK
  89. 89. APPROPRIATE TIME FOR WORK
  90. 90. OVERTIME</li></li></ul><li>CHILDREN DAY<br />Celebrated on 20th November<br />since 1959.<br />REASON:<br />to provide the rights of children to them without any exploitation of children rights.<br /> <br />
  91. 91. LABOUR DAY<br />Celebrated on 1st of May every year since 1882.<br />PURPOSE:<br /><ul><li>Protection of the rights of the laborers.
  92. 92. celebrate the economic and social achievements of workers
  93. 93. Most important of all, to restrict the working hours of the laborers up to 8 hours.</li></li></ul><li>POINT TO PONDER<br />
  94. 94. PROGRESS RATE OF A COUNTRTY<br />
  95. 95.
  96. 96. When WE Were Children?<br />
  97. 97. Self Witness<br />
  98. 98. CONCLUSION<br />Child laborers are the economy runners of our country.<br />The importance of children and their value cannot be denied.<br />They should be given their due rights.<br />Education and work should go side by side with proper balance.<br />

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