Child labour

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Child labour

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE MOST BENEFICENT, THE MOST MERCIFUL
  2. 2. OUTLINEDEFINITIONINTRODUCTIONCHILD LABOUR IN PAKISTANCHILD LABOUR CYCLECHILD LABOUR DISTRIBUTIONCHILD LABOUR INDEXCAUSES OF CHILD LABOURCHILD ABUSEPREVENTIVE MEASURESEFFECTS OF CHILD LABOURCONCLUSION
  3. 3. CHILD LABOUR (A SOCIALLY ACCEPTED CRIME)Child labour refers to employment of children at regular and sustained level.This practice is considered as illegal in many countries. In these practiceschildren below the age of 15 are force to work by other people.
  4. 4. What is child labour ? Child labour is... • Child labour is work for children that harms them or exploits them in some way (i.e. physically, morally, mentally or by blocking access to education . Child labour is not... • Light work done after school. • Internship opportunities • Helping out the family farm or business
  5. 5. INTRODUCTIONChild labour has become a major issue throughout theworld but in the third world countries, like Pakistan, ithas grown to the maximum level.This international problem is becoming intense withevery passing day because a large number of childrenare forced to do work which is completely against thelaw.According to United Nations International ChildrenEmergency Funds (UNICEF) there are approximately 158million children of age 5 to 15 working as child laborworldwide.
  6. 6.  Child labour is a socioeconomic problem of Pakistan from the beginning and presenting negative effects till now. Today child labor in Pakistan is the most prominent issue of all the social issues.
  7. 7. Pakistan is amongst the top ten countries having theissue of child labourChildren below 5-15 in Pakistan are above 40 million..There are more than 11 million children in Pakistan who are working labourjobs in every corner of the country.Fifty percent of these economically active children are in age group of 5 to 9years.According to research 2.7 millionchildren are working in theagriculture sector.73% of them are boys and the restare girls
  8. 8. CYCLE OF CHILD LABOR
  9. 9. Child Labour Distribution inPakistan
  10. 10. CHILD LABOUR INDEXScale Countries RatingExtreme Risk Bangladesh Extreme Nigeria ExtremeHigh Risk India ExtremeMedium Risk Somalia ExtremeLow Risk Extreme Pakistan
  11. 11. CAUSES OF CHILDLABOUR
  12. 12.  poverty is the basic reason and driving force that compels these children towork like labours and earn a little money at the end of the day. The bad financialcondition up-thrust to the problem of child labour. Mostly poor families have more number of children, so it becomes verydifficult for them to survive on the income of only one family member so theymake their small children their source of income .
  13. 13. Unemployment Of Elders.• Another important reason is unemployment which forces the parents to send their children to work places• Due to unemployment its become compulsion of parents to make their children to work in factories, shops, even selling items on streets. • There are many cases of child labor where a child has to work against the repayment of a loan which was taken by his father.
  14. 14. Excess Population• In villages there is trend of early marriages and have large number ofchildren. To fulfill the basic needs they compel their children to do work.• So they have no other choice but to work and earn a little amount tosupport their families• They consider children as their source of income and they make them towork like pulling carts, repairing machines, work in factories, selling goods etc.
  15. 15. Tradition Of Making Children Learn The Family Skills Children are force to follow the foot prints of their parents. They are trained from their childhood in the profession that the family has been following since ages. So they are unable to get primary education . Children are forbidden from doing any other work. Because of this the children of labourers, craftsmen etc. start working with their parents at a very young age.
  16. 16. Parental IlliteracyMany developing countries likePakistan, India, Bangladesh etc. facinga huge problem of illiteracy. Lowerclass people are mostly illiterate, so it isdifficult for uneducated parents tounderstand the importance ofeducation for their children. Literacy rate of Pakistan is : Male: 68.6% Female: 40.3% Pakistan has allocated only 2.3 % of the budget for education, which is 0.3% than in 1999
  17. 17. Failure Of Laws Another main reason for thepromotion of child labour is due tothe failure of government inpracticing the laws to stop childlabour due to which child labour isincreasing day by day .
  18. 18. CHILD ABUSEPhysical AbuseChildren are physically abuse about 69% of children are physicallyabused and 52% of them are boysSexual abuseAccording to ILO report 53.22% children specially girls are sexuallyabused.Emotional abuseChildren are emotional abused. According to research in 83% of casesparents were the abusers
  19. 19. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Free Education Awareness Programs Mid Day Meal System In Schools Laws Should Be Implemented Strictly Punishment Should Be Given To People Who Exploit Children S T O P
  20. 20. EFFECTS OF CHILD LABOURThere are many bad effects of child labor on our society some ofthem are as follow:Child labour forces some children to steal things from others in orderto satisfy their daily living.Many small girls are even engaged with prostitution only because ofchild labour.Child Labor deprives a child from the basic right of education.
  21. 21. CONCLUSIONChild labours are working not the choice of their own. They are thevictims of their circumstances and we are taking benefit of theircompulsions.These children are working as a labor in school going age for thesurvival of their families and to full fill the basic necessities.Government should provide the basic rights to these children and shouldalso help them in getting education in this way our country can get rid ofsocial evil.
  22. 22. THANK YOU

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