• What is child labor?• Causes of child labor.• How many are there?• Child labor in statistics.• Child labor in India.• Regulation and prohibition act.• Conclusion.
What is childlabor? “Child labour” is generally speaking, work for children that harms them or exploits them in someway (physically, mentally, m orally or by blocking access to education). It is the work that exceeds a minimum number of hours depending on the age of a child and on the
61% in Asia, 32% in Africa, and 7% in LatinAmerica, 1% in US, Canada, Europe and otherwealthy nations.In Asia, 22% of the workforce is children. In LatinAmerica, 17% of the workforce is children.246 million child workers aged 5 and 17 wereinvolved in child labor.Out of which 171 million were involved in work thatby its nature is hazardous
According to certainexperts approximately 10million bonded childrenlabourers are working asdome In South Asia.Beyond this there arealmost 55 million bondedchild labourers hired acrossvarious other industries.Less than 5% of childlaborers make products forexport to other countries.
Child labor statistics One in every six children aged 5 to 17 worldwide is exploited by child labor. There are approximately 9 million children involved in the unconditional worst forms of child labor. In Sub-Saharan Africa around one in three children are engaged in child labor, representing 69 million children. In South Asia, another 44 million are engaged in child labor.
Child labor in IndiaINDIA accounts for the secondhighest number where child laborin the world.Africa accounts for the highestnumber of children employed andexploited.According to certain expertsapproximately 10 million bondedchildren laborers are working asdomestic servants in India.Beyond this there are almost 55million bonded child laborershired across various otherindustries.
Regulation and prohibitionact This was declared by the parliament on 23rd December, 1986. It includes Prohibition of employment of children in certain occupations and processes. No child shall be employed or permitted to work in any of the occupations which are hazardous by its nature.
ConclusionThe social malady of childlabor can be brought undercontrol, if each individual takesresponsibility of reporting aboutanyone employing a child belowthe age of 14years.Thus, instead of ignoring onshould find out about reportingchild labor and how suchchildren can actually be saved.Child labor can be controlledif the government functionseffectively with the support ofthe public.