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Towards data FAIRness

Hella Hollander, DANS-KNAW

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Towards data FAIRness

  1. 1. Europeana Archaeology is funded by the European Commission’s Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) Telecom programme Towards data FAIRness Hella Hollander DANS-KNAW
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES: • Support the creation of FAIR data in the archaeological sector • Define and spread guidelines to good practices in archaeological data management • Adapt standard quality criteria for datasets and data to the archaeological case, and support their implementation among users
  3. 3. Introduction to FAIR principles Minimal set of community agreed guiding principles to make data more easily findable, accessible, appropriately integrated and re-usable, and adequately citable.
  4. 4. Introduction to FAIR principles Findable Easy to find by both humans and computer systems Accessible Stored for long term such that they can be easily accessed and/or downloaded with well-defined license and access conditions Interoperable Ready to be combined with other datasets by humans as well as computer systems; Reusable Ready to be used for future research
  5. 5. FAIR data in a trusted repository • FAIR principles for data quality • CTS criteria for quality of TDR • A perfect couple for quality assessment of research data and trustworthy data repositories • Ideally: a CTS certified archive will contain FAIR data
  6. 6. FORCE11
  7. 7. Everybody loves FAIR! Everybody wants to be FAIR… But what does that mean? How to put the principles into practice?
  9. 9. Work done in Parthenos • Interviews with humanities researchers, including archaeologists within the Parthenos project and external between 2016-2018 • Survey • Literature review
  10. 10. Aim and Users • 20 guidelines structured around the letters of FAIR • Users are both data producers/researchers who need clear and simple guidelines on how to start with Research Data Management (RDM) + Research Institutions and Data Archives • This is thought as a first entry point for good RDM practices • The guidelines are online available via the Parthenos Training Suite • It was thought for humanities researchers but can be used broadly
  11. 11. Invest in people and infrastructure
  12. 12. • Focus is on Metadata Schema and Identifiers. Humanists work with a variety of sources (from archives, museums, or surveys) and each of them requires a specific metadata standard. • The message here is: make use of the right fields to describe the right research object • Identifiers also play an essential role for the humanities: they need to be as unique and persistent as possible FINDABLE
  13. 13. • Focus is on where the researcher’s data are stored (trustworthy), how they can be retrieved (protocols), and stating if and how much they are accessible. • The message here is: your research data can be as standardized as possible, but if they can’t be preserved and accessed, then it is not of much use… ACCESSIBLE
  14. 14. • Focus is on making the researcher’s data able to dialogue with other (researchers’) data • The message here is: use of standards, vocabularies/ ontologies, APIs, support the researchers who want to connect their data with other data – this creates new value in the research process itself, it enriches data making them alive INTEROPERABLE
  15. 15. • Focus is on being able to integrate other researchers’ data into your own research • The message here is: not only data, but also their documentation and reuse licences are important! Humanities data are all about interpretation, but aim to the higher data integrity REUSABLE
  16. 16. Dataverse to support data storage during research EASY Certified Long- term Archive DANS key services
  17. 17. Europeana
  18. 18. Example in Europeana of NO Re-use
  19. 19. DANS: Open Access registered users
  20. 20. Can I use this? Yes, with conditions
  21. 21. THANK YOU! Contact: These training materials were developed in collaboration with the Europeana Archaeology project and with funding by the European Commission under the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) Telecom Programme