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32st ADLUG ANNUAL MEETING 2013
ARTIUM and the Fundación Sancho El Sabio – Vitoria-Gasteiz
16th – 18th October 2013

RDA, B...
The global environment
Where we are moving…

Resource Description and Access
Functional Requirements for Authority Data
Bi...
FRBR’s Entity-Relationship Model

• Entities
• Relationships
• Attributes

relationship

One Entity

Another Entity

• Nat...
Work

Person

FRBR’s Entity-Relationship Model

created

Shakespeare

was created by

Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All right...
FRBR: inherent Group 1 Relationships

Work

Group 1

is realized through

Expression
is embodied in

Manifestation
recursi...
FRBR: Relationships between Groups 1 & 2
Work
Expression
Manifestation
Item
is owned by
is produced by
is realized by

is ...
ICP: Statement of International

Cataloguing Principles

ICP general principles
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Convenience of user...
RDA: Resource Description and Access

Based on IFLA’s international models and principles

• Functional Requirements for B...
RDA: goals*
RDA is:
• A new standard for resource description and access

• Designed for the digital world:
• Optimized fo...
RDA: goals*
• Provide effective bibliographic control for all types of media
• Encourage use beyond the library community
...
RDA: Summary of differences*
• Based on principles
• ICP

• Based on conceptual models
• FRBR/FRAD

• Content, not encodin...
RDA: Summary of differences*
• Includes authority data
• based on attributes and relationships in FRAD.
• Authorized/varia...
RDA in Marc21
RDA: “use whatever schema you prefer, such as
Marc21, Dublin Core etc.”

I can catalogue in RDA using Marc21...
RDA record in Marc21 format

040 $e rda
264 as publisher

content, media, carrier
Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights re...
Full update of Marc21 Bibliographic
and Authority: numbers
• Marc21 Bibliographic Format updates: 252

tags/subfields

• M...
Marc must die? From record to
data

http://www.loc.gov/marc/transition/pdf/marcld-report-11-21-2012.pdf

Bibliographic Fra...
Bibliographic Framework
Bibliographic Framework as a Web of Data: Linked Data
Model and Supporting Services
(Library of Co...
Bibliographic Framework
• Reflections on new cataloging rules
• Greater level of identification and analysis of the data
•...
Library data and Semantic web

As Karen Coyle suggests us, the question that we must face is:
“How we can best transform o...
Library data and Semantic web

Web of document (traditional web)

vs

Web of data (Semantic web)

Web of document: identit...
Web: identity issues and interoperability

2006: Tim Berners-Lee, the father of the world wide web
(www), offers the Linke...
The Semantic web or Web of data
Il web di dati o web semantico

”A web of things in the world, described by data on the we...
The four rules for linked data
“The Semantic Web isn't just about putting data on the web. It is about
making links, so th...
Linked data and RDF (Resource
Description Framework)
The Linked data are usually published on the web in RDF
Each statemen...
The RDF triples
Illustrated by

Mazzanti

Le avventure di
Pinocchio

Author of
Carlo
Collodi

Dramatized as
Published by
U...
The focus of our attention now is…

Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
…on the bibliographic record

Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
Centrality of the bibliographic record –
Drawbacks

• Redundancy of information
• High costs

• Production of closed silos...
Marc21 and Linked data

In the semantic web MARC record is seen as a
primary source of information, for the
enormous amoun...
Marc21 and Linked data
But the semantics expressed in the record is only comprehensible

to the human eye. The individual ...
One bibliographic record…

Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
… many statements or triples
The resource

has author

has title

has publisher

Has subject

has publication date

Shakes...
RDF Triple

http://lccn.loc.gov/2009025024

(the book)

http://RDVocab.info/roles/HasAuthor

(has
author)

http://lcna.loc...
Linked data vs record
Michael Hattaway.
Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616

As you like it

Cambridge University Press, 2009....
Linked data vs bibliographic record

• Linked data => not focused on records but on individual
assertions or statements of...
Try to summarize core concepts
• Resource of the Web identified through URI
• Atomic elements related one another through ...
Authority module in WeCat

The full authority manage into WeCat
Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
Authority module in WeCat

Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
Authority module in WeCat

Authority record
in WeCat
Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
Authority module in WeCat

Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
Manage ontology in OliSuite/WeCat

See here how each tag is “mapped” with URI coming from different ontology
Copyright 200...
Manage ontology in OliSuite/WeCat
An authorized person can associate each tag to one or more entity from
vocabulary and on...
Manage ontology in OliSuite/WeCat
Tag 110 (Name as Main entry)

Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved

producersN...
Checking ontology in OliSuite/WeCat

The cataloguer click on the tag
label to open the screen where
the mapping with ontol...
Checking ontology in OliSuite/WeCat
Tag 110 (Name as Main entry)

producersName in RDA vocabulary
and M1001_a in Marc 21 E...
Checking ontology in OliSuite/WeCat
The URI refers directly to the specific element present on the Open Metadata
Registry,...
GMD as content, media and carrier in RDA
The GMD – General Material Designator of AACR2 and ISBD
is coded in three fields ...
GMD as content, media and carrier in RDA

Tag 336: CONTENT

Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
GMD as content, media and carrier in RDA
Tag 336: CONTENT

Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
GMD as content, media and carrier in RDA
Tag 336: CONTENT

Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
The content concepts…

…from controlled vocabulary

Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
GMD as content, media and carrier in RDA
The same for tag 337: MEDIA

Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
GMD as content, media and carrier in RDA
The same for tag 338: CARRIER

Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
Include ID (URI) to identify heading
URIs reported in tag 1xx/7xx $0: see here
Umberto, Eco associated to VIAF URI, to mak...
Include ID (URI) to identify heading
The URI associated to an heading is repeatable and identify
each heading. See here it...
Include ID (URI) to identify heading
The URI can be used both by cataloguer – to check the heading on VIAF or
other projec...
Just to close…
…giving a look to “economy” principle of ICP

(see some example to make easier the cataloguing process: the...
Adlug annual meeting 2013
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Adlug annual meeting 2013

  1. 1. 32st ADLUG ANNUAL MEETING 2013 ARTIUM and the Fundación Sancho El Sabio – Vitoria-Gasteiz 16th – 18th October 2013 RDA, Bibframe, Linked data: follow the evolution of cataloging inside the LMS Tiziana Possemato Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  2. 2. The global environment Where we are moving… Resource Description and Access Functional Requirements for Authority Data Bibframe Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records International Cataloguing Principles Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved Semantic web/Linked data 2
  3. 3. FRBR’s Entity-Relationship Model • Entities • Relationships • Attributes relationship One Entity Another Entity • National level required elements Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved 3
  4. 4. Work Person FRBR’s Entity-Relationship Model created Shakespeare was created by Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved Hamlet 4
  5. 5. FRBR: inherent Group 1 Relationships Work Group 1 is realized through Expression is embodied in Manifestation recursive one many Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved is exemplified by Item
  6. 6. FRBR: Relationships between Groups 1 & 2 Work Expression Manifestation Item is owned by is produced by is realized by is created by Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved Group 2 Person Family Corporate Body
  7. 7. ICP: Statement of International Cataloguing Principles ICP general principles • • • • • • • • • • • Convenience of user Representation Common usage Accuracy Sufficiency and necessity Significance Economy Consistency and Standardization Integration Defensible, not arbitrary If contradict, take a defensible, practical solution Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved 7
  8. 8. RDA: Resource Description and Access Based on IFLA’s international models and principles • Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR; 1998) • Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD; 2009) • Statement of International Cataloguing Principles (ICP; 2009) Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved 8
  9. 9. RDA: goals* RDA is: • A new standard for resource description and access • Designed for the digital world: • Optimized for use as online product • Description and access of all resources (all types of content and media) • Resulting records usable in the digital environment (Internet, Web OPACs, etc.) • Rules should be easy to use and interpret • Be applicable to an online, networked environment *Barbara Tillett, Seminar on RDA Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved 9
  10. 10. RDA: goals* • Provide effective bibliographic control for all types of media • Encourage use beyond the library community • Be compatible with other similar standards • Have a logical structure based on internationally agreed principles • Separate content and carrier data • Examples – more of them, more appropriate Basic goals: identify and relate (from FRBR/FRAD user tasks and ICP) Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved 10
  11. 11. RDA: Summary of differences* • Based on principles • ICP • Based on conceptual models • FRBR/FRAD • Content, not encoding, standard: • not a display standard, • not an encoding standard: use whatever schema you prefer, such as Marc21, Dublin Core etc. • Strictly related to the Bibliographic Framework Transition Initiative • More international • Wider scope and resources *Barbara Tillett, Seminar on RDA Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved 11
  12. 12. RDA: Summary of differences* • Includes authority data • based on attributes and relationships in FRAD. • Authorized/variant access point and elements continue to be documented in authority records • Has controlled vocabularies • Only a few closed: content, media and carrier types; mode of issuance; etc. • Most are open: cataloguer can supply term if needed term not in list • Vocabularies being registered on the Web -- goal of multiple languages and/or scripts (http://metadataregistry.org/rdabrowse.htm) • Changes in instruction vocabulary • Core elements *Barbara Tillett, Seminar on RDA Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved 12
  13. 13. RDA in Marc21 RDA: “use whatever schema you prefer, such as Marc21, Dublin Core etc.” I can catalogue in RDA using Marc21… but some updates are needed! Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved 13
  14. 14. RDA record in Marc21 format 040 $e rda 264 as publisher content, media, carrier Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  15. 15. Full update of Marc21 Bibliographic and Authority: numbers • Marc21 Bibliographic Format updates: 252 tags/subfields • Marc21 Authority Format updates: 167 tags/subfields (total of 3249 elements checked and revised) (strong effort of LibriCore) • Integration of Authority manage in OliSuite/WeCat Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  16. 16. Marc must die? From record to data http://www.loc.gov/marc/transition/pdf/marcld-report-11-21-2012.pdf Bibliographic Framework as a Web of Data: Linked Data Model and Supporting Services Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  17. 17. Bibliographic Framework Bibliographic Framework as a Web of Data: Linked Data Model and Supporting Services (Library of Congress – November 21, 2012) • The result of a reflection and study process about the functions of the catalog, the actuality of Marc, of cataloging standards, the new types of resources. • It‟s the first step of a road map that will lead to a review and proposal of a new environment for bibliographic libraries, a new bibliographic ecosystem • Convertion of bibliographic data in linked data: this process has to be an evolution and not a revolution Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  18. 18. Bibliographic Framework • Reflections on new cataloging rules • Greater level of identification and analysis of the data • More attention to the controlled vocabularies • Increased use of terms with respect to codes • Emphasis on relationships • Greater flexibility within checked headings Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  19. 19. Library data and Semantic web As Karen Coyle suggests us, the question that we must face is: “How we can best transform our data so that it can become part of the dominant information environment that is the Web”* How we can transform our data so that they can be OF THE WEB and not on the web *Karen Coyle, Understanding the Semantic web: bibliographic data and metadata Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved 19
  20. 20. Library data and Semantic web Web of document (traditional web) vs Web of data (Semantic web) Web of document: identity issues and interoperability Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved 20
  21. 21. Web: identity issues and interoperability 2006: Tim Berners-Lee, the father of the world wide web (www), offers the Linked Data as elegant and effective method to simplify and standardize the solutions to the problems of identity and interoperability. The method aims to create a web of data (or entities or things) and is part of the technology for the Semantic Web [http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html] Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  22. 22. The Semantic web or Web of data Il web di dati o web semantico ”A web of things in the world, described by data on the web” *17th International World Wide Web Conference W3C Track @ WWW2008, Beijing, China 23-24 April 2008 Linked Data: Principles and State of the Art Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  23. 23. The four rules for linked data “The Semantic Web isn't just about putting data on the web. It is about making links, so that a person or machine can explore the web of data. With linked data, when you have some of it, you can find other, related, data.” Tim Berners-Lee proposes four rules to create linked data on the web: 1. Use URIs as names for things. 2. Use HTTP URIs so that people can look up those names. 3. When someone looks up a URI, provide useful information, using the standards (RDF*, SPARQL). 4. Include links to other URIs so that they can discover more things. Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  24. 24. Linked data and RDF (Resource Description Framework) The Linked data are usually published on the web in RDF Each statement in RDF is constituted by a triple formed by subject -- predicate -- object Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  25. 25. The RDF triples Illustrated by Mazzanti Le avventure di Pinocchio Author of Carlo Collodi Dramatized as Published by Un burattino di nome Pinocchio Poggi Adapted as Una struttura estremamente semplice che rende date 1881 Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved Pinocchio possibile a qualsiasi cosa ciascuno formulare asserzioni su
  26. 26. The focus of our attention now is… Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  27. 27. …on the bibliographic record Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  28. 28. Centrality of the bibliographic record – Drawbacks • Redundancy of information • High costs • Production of closed silos, and mostly not usable outside of the library world Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  29. 29. Marc21 and Linked data In the semantic web MARC record is seen as a primary source of information, for the enormous amount of data contained therein and to the high degree of semantics present in it Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  30. 30. Marc21 and Linked data But the semantics expressed in the record is only comprehensible to the human eye. The individual elements, isolated from the record, lose their meaning xv, 240 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. 240). Cambridge University Press, 2009. edited by Michael Hattaway. Updated ed. Fathers and daughters--Drama. Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  31. 31. One bibliographic record… Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  32. 32. … many statements or triples The resource has author has title has publisher Has subject has publication date Shakespeare,William As you like it Cambridge U Press Padri e figlie 2009 Triple Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  33. 33. RDF Triple http://lccn.loc.gov/2009025024 (the book) http://RDVocab.info/roles/HasAuthor (has author) http://lcna.loc.gov/n 78095332 (the author) Controlled vocabulary and ontology Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  34. 34. Linked data vs record Michael Hattaway. Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616 As you like it Cambridge University Press, 2009. Fathers and daughters--Drama Controlled vocabulary and ontology Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  35. 35. Linked data vs bibliographic record • Linked data => not focused on records but on individual assertions or statements of atomic structure (triples) • Each statement (RDF triple) thus produced can be recorded with URI/URIs, which connects the data to others on the same dataset or in external datasets • Moving these statements understandable to machines on the web transforms the data contained in the original Marc record in integral part of the Semantic Web Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  36. 36. Try to summarize core concepts • Resource of the Web identified through URI • Atomic elements related one another through links: entity/relations model • Less interest to description (“Take what you see” and “Accept what you get”) and more relevance to access control => authority record, controlled vocabulary and ontology • Data understandable and re-usable by machines: the Resource Description Framework (RDF) as framework for representing information in the Web. Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  37. 37. Authority module in WeCat The full authority manage into WeCat Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  38. 38. Authority module in WeCat Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  39. 39. Authority module in WeCat Authority record in WeCat Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  40. 40. Authority module in WeCat Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  41. 41. Manage ontology in OliSuite/WeCat See here how each tag is “mapped” with URI coming from different ontology Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  42. 42. Manage ontology in OliSuite/WeCat An authorized person can associate each tag to one or more entity from vocabulary and ontology Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  43. 43. Manage ontology in OliSuite/WeCat Tag 110 (Name as Main entry) Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved producersName in RDA vocabulary
  44. 44. Checking ontology in OliSuite/WeCat The cataloguer click on the tag label to open the screen where the mapping with ontology element is reported Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  45. 45. Checking ontology in OliSuite/WeCat Tag 110 (Name as Main entry) producersName in RDA vocabulary and M1001_a in Marc 21 Element Set Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  46. 46. Checking ontology in OliSuite/WeCat The URI refers directly to the specific element present on the Open Metadata Registry, where many of „library‟ ontologies and vocabularies are published Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  47. 47. GMD as content, media and carrier in RDA The GMD – General Material Designator of AACR2 and ISBD is coded in three fields in RDA, and the content of each field is taken from controlled vocabularies: • Tag 336: CONTENT • Tag 337: MEDIA • Tag 338: CARRIER In OliSuite/WeCat the cataloguer can choose the content of each field from e list, that refers to controlled vocabulary on Open Metadata Registry Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  48. 48. GMD as content, media and carrier in RDA Tag 336: CONTENT Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  49. 49. GMD as content, media and carrier in RDA Tag 336: CONTENT Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  50. 50. GMD as content, media and carrier in RDA Tag 336: CONTENT Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  51. 51. The content concepts… …from controlled vocabulary Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  52. 52. GMD as content, media and carrier in RDA The same for tag 337: MEDIA Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  53. 53. GMD as content, media and carrier in RDA The same for tag 338: CARRIER Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  54. 54. Include ID (URI) to identify heading URIs reported in tag 1xx/7xx $0: see here Umberto, Eco associated to VIAF URI, to make a link with VIAF – Virtual International Authority File Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  55. 55. Include ID (URI) to identify heading The URI associated to an heading is repeatable and identify each heading. See here it in the authority record Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  56. 56. Include ID (URI) to identify heading The URI can be used both by cataloguer – to check the heading on VIAF or other projects, and to end user, aftern, on the OPAC Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved
  57. 57. Just to close… …giving a look to “economy” principle of ICP (see some example to make easier the cataloguing process: the autocomplete function in heading creation) Copyright 2009-2010 @CULT. All rights reserved

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