In the last several years, Creative Commons have provided standardized, portable legal tools that make it easier for individuals and institutions to use. Also see licenses by Open Knowledge Foundation, designed for databases.\n
Linked Open Data in Libraries Archives & Museums
http://www.flickr.com/photos/pict_u_re/2372235999The State of Linked Open Data in Libraries,Archives & MuseumsSemTech 2011June 8, 2011Jon VossStrategic Partnerships Director, Historypin@email@example.com#lodlam v1.1_2011-05-26
About LODLAM • #lodlam teaser: http://youtu.be/YdrVI7emnt4 • Using WWW standards to explore data interoperability not only between institutions but with the Web community and end users as well. • The last few years have seen a major cultural shift on the whole, but in institutions, addressing changing expectations from audiences, curators, & technologists • This amounts to an enormous opportunity for libraries, archives, & museums, and for the semantic web community as well.
LODLAM is a Growing Movement• in its infancy, but picking up steam• it requires experimentation• small, niche, domain-specific implementations• use cases, reasons for content providers to get excited about contributing
Cross Pollination & Translation• More opportunities than ever to cross borders of academics, programmers, museum professionals, archivists, librarians, technologists, etc.• www.thatcamp.org #thatcamp• Many similar concepts between Library & Information Sciences types and Linked Data/Semantic Web developershttp://www.flickr.com/photos/orpost/3674429337/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/ghwpix/3665232629/
LODLAM is a product of our increasingly connected culture.• it’s an unfolding story, but it’s awn...• first funded projects in the US exploring Linked Open Data in the humanities now underway: http://lod-lam.net • 100 people gathered from around the world June 2-3 to forward LODLAM in the next year, thanks to generous funding from:
LOD-LAM Summit: over 85 organizations• First of it’s kind meeting• Bridging sciences and humanities to focus on moving Linked Open Data forward in public & academic libraries, archives & museums world wide in the next year.• Libraries like: Library of Congress, French & German National libraries, NYPL, Open Library, state libraries across the country• Archives like: the National Archives of US and UK, California Digital Library• Museums like: The Met, SFMOMA, Powerhouse, Smithsonian
LODLAM Summit Outcomes• Outreach, Education, Evangelization• Making sense of copyright, licensing, publishing options, setting precedent• Developing collaborative use cases
Expose yourself, be vulnerable• This is the major cultural shift, the tide rising amongst institutions, that data wants to be free in a culture economy.• There is value in sharing• It does require a leap of faith, but risks and rewards should be carefully considered and calculated• Excellent resource: JISC Open Bibliographic Data Guide http:// obd.jisc.ac.uk/
Open Data• http://creativecommons.org/licenses/• http://www.opendatacommons.org/licenses/ Open Data Published Data CC-BY CC-BY-NC-ND CC0 CC-BY-NC Public Domain Mark CC-BY-ND Public Domain Dedication and License (PDDL) CC-BY-SA Attribution License (ODC-By) Open Database License (ODC-ODbL) CC-BY-NC-SA
Metadata vs. data, assets, digital surrogates• A key conceptual shift with Open Data is looking at metadata and data as two separate things, that can have different licensing and permissions
Examples and precedents• Bibliographic data: • British Library (CC0), University of Michigan (CC0), Stanford (CC-BY) have published large, raw datasets of bibliographic data they have created (being careful not to publish OCLC or other vendor controlled or licensed metadata)
Examples and precedents • Civil War Data 150 • Metadata from contributing federal institutions are largely considered to be Public Domain. • State, local, university & individual researchers are considering policies for metadata publishing on a case by case basis.
Civil War Data 150 - Linked Data in Scholarship• consider graph demo: http://civilwardata150.net• Starts with open data sets from multiple institutions• Civil War vocabulary, or a way to link and traverse across datasets • Regiments, battles, Freebase military schema
Civil War Data 150 - Linked Data in Scholarship• Building apps • How tools like Simile/Exhibit can use Linked Data in coordination with Freebase (Conflict History: http://conflicthistory.com/#/period/ 1861-1865/conflict/+en+american_civil_war) • Now there’s a reason to publish RDF, etc.
What will happen to your data?• If you want people to do something with your data/metadata, you have to put it out there• But once you do, it’s [mostly] out of your control. Yet it can be a part of something much greater than any of the component parts• Roots and Wings
What will happen to your data?• working with Open Data from NOAA at wherecamp 2011. http:// www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/ history/CivilWar/
Sciences leading the way vs. Humanities• In the sciences, there have been a lot of advances in the realm of Open Data, which will provide models for humanities research as well • Nano Publishing: the idea of publishing datasets separately from research findings, so that it can more easily be built upon and integrated into other datasets. Several scientific journals have already started this. • Federally funded medical research must have a data management plan and some funders are requiring that data be published separately from analysis and findings as Open Data
Join the LODLAM movement• http://groups.google.com/group/ lod-lam• #lodlam hashtag on Twitter• http://lod-lam.net proceedings online and on the road for the next year at various annual meetings and conferences• Contribute!