Developing a roadmap for peatland GHG accounting and carbon markets in the UK Aletta Bonn, Clifton Bain, Mark Reed, Chris Evans & Klaus Glenk
Damaged peatlands are a cost to society and less resilient to climate change impacts‘Restoration of peatlands is a low hanging fruit, and among the most cost-effectiveoptions for mitigating climate change’Achim Steiner, Exec Director UN Environment Programme (UNEP)
EU Conservation statusof active Blanket BogsHabitats Directive also coversDegraded Blanket bogs
UK Peatlands• Priority for action under national & international agreements• Provide essential services to society, globally, nationally and locally• 9.5% of UK land area, around 80% damaged• Single most important carbon store of 3.2 billion tonnes of carbon• Loss of 5% UK peatland carbon ≈ total annual UK anthropogenic GHG emisssions
IUCN UK PeatlandProgrammeStrong partnership of peatlandrestoration projects, statutory agencies& representatives from business andprivate land managers2011 Commission of Inquiry onPeatlands2010/11/12 IUCN UK PP Conferences‘Investing in Peatlands’http://www.iucn-uk-peatlandprogramme.org/
Assessing and valuing peatland ecosystem servicesfor sustainable managementValuations of biodiversity, ecosystem services and natural resource useChallenges : Incorporation of(1) stock sustainability(2) issues of scale(3) complexity of socio-ecological systems(4) How do we integrate information on values obtained from thenatural sciences, economics and other social sciences into governanceand so improve decision making and how can such improveddecisions be implemented effectively?
Assessing and valuing peatland ecosystem servicesfor sustainable management(WP1) Relationships between environmental processes and the deliveryof ecosystem services(WP2) Economic considerations for prioritising peatland restoration andconservation activities(WP3) Payments for Ecosystem Services and cross-boundarycollaboration(WP4) Developing a roadmap for peatland GHG accounting and carbonmarkets in the
TODAY - Goals(1) Science: Scope the development of a science and monitoring plan to provide GHG values for UK peatlands and vegetation proxies using the Greenhouse Gas Emission Site Types (GEST) model(2) Structure: Identify potential pathways towards a Peatland Code with carbon protocols, other sustainability standards, accreditation and verification.(3) Pilot: Scope a roadmap to establish demonstration sites with private financing for peatland restoration to inform future carbon markets and/or Corporate social responsibility (CSR)
TODAY - Presentations• Overview of international & national policy framework (Clifton Bain)• International Verified Carbon Standard for Peatlands (Igino Emmer)• Peatland rewetting for carbon credits – Experience from Belarus (Zbig Karpowicz, RSPB)• GEST Model – vegetation proxy for GHG flux from peatlands (Rob Field, RSPB)• Development of carbon code – experience from forestry (Chris Waterfield, FC)
Discussion• What steps would be necessary to produce a UK Peatland Carbon Code consistent with national/international GHG Accounting Guidelines to facilitate peatland restoration via CSR payments?• To what extent can the UK learn from and develop existing initiatives, including the Verified Carbon Standard (http://www.v-c- s.org) and international demonstration sites e.g. Belarus (funded by the German Government for carbon gains)?• Can we learn from the Woodland Carbon code development and implementation?• How could such a code be designed to optimise synergies between carbon sequestration/storage and water quality, biodiversity and recreation benefits at different spatial scales (where these exist)?• What steps would need to be taken to secure privately finance for UK restoration pilots?