• An oral presentation is a short talk on a set topic given to a tutorial/researcher or seminar group. In an oral presentation one (or more) presenters give a talk to a audience group and present views on a topic based on their readings or research. The rest of the group then joins in a discussion/cross questioning of the topic.
ORAL PRESENTATION MEANS• Presenting research paper• Preparing and delivering a talk• Leading a group discussion• Preparing handouts and visual aids• Submitting a written assignment based on the presentation topic
MOST COMMAN• PowerPoint presentation• Overhead projector• Poster
THE ATTENTION CURVEAlmost everyone listens inthe beginning. This is THEmoment to make clear thatyou will present work thatthe audience cannot afford tomiss.If you want to get yourmessage through, you shouldstate it loud and clear in thebeginning, and repeat it atthe end.
•We can make our presentation interesting byproper structuringour presentation. •By lighting the mood of our audience.
WHAT TO PRESENT AND PLAN• Following should be considered• Concept of the seminar/conference• Types/number of audience• Duration allotted• Requirements
PREPARING PRÉSENTATION• Preparing an oral presentation is much like 1.Plan your preparing any other presentation. assignment; it needs to 2.Plan your be planned researched visual. and written before it is 3.Design your delivered. visual. 4.Plan your graphics.
STRUCTURE OF ORAL PRESENTATION• A good oral presentation is well structured; this makes it easier for the listener to follow.• Basically there are three parts to a typical oral presentation: the• Beginning(INTRODUCTION)• the middle and (BODY)• the end (CONCLUSION)
INTRODUCTION/BEGINNINGAn introduction is like a road map thattells your audience the direction yourpresentation will take.• State your topic and tell the audiencewhat your presentation will cover.• Outline the main points.A good introduction will capture anaudience’s attention.
Start your talk by greetingthe audienceand introducing yourself.• State your topic clearly. Forexample:• ‘I’m going to talk about...’• ‘Today I’d like to discuss…’• Provide an outline of themain points.• Provide any necessarybackground ordefinition of terms.
BODY/MIDDLE• This is the further progression part of the presentation. The body of your presentation is where you develop the main points and present examples and evidence.• Make sure you provide clear links between main points, explanations and examples.• Use visual aids to engage the interest of your audience and show’ instead of just ‘tell’.• Emphasize important information. Tell your audience when information is particularly important or interesting. Tell them Why.
Body……….• Use verbal ‘signposts’ to guide youraudience through the presentation, highlight key points and indicate the different sections of your presentation.• ‘Another point is...’• ‘A contrary view to consider is’• ‘In conclusion’• Move from one point to the next by using phrases (such as ‘Firstly ...secondly’ ... ‘finally’).• Introduce supporting evidence ‘For example...’ ‘*Author name+ states that ...’
CONCLUSION/THE END• The conclusion is usually a summary of the main points made in the body of the talk. • Restate the main points. • Re-answer the question.• Don’t introduce any new information in the conclusion. Take the opportunity to show that you have covered all the points you made in your introduction.
Conclusion cont…….. Thank the audience, and invite questions: • Restate the purpose of your talk, and say that you have achieved your aim: • ‘I think it’s now clear that ...’
HANDLING QUESTIONS• You are the expert – Prepare among friends – Insist that they challenge you• It’s OK to say you don’t know, or haven’t done the experiment yet• The three “D”’s – Defend – Deflect – Defer
4 KEYS FOR SUCCESFUL ORAL PRESENTATION• 1. Timing• 2. Attention span• 3. Personal approach• 4. Practice
1. TIMING •Do not ramble on during a presentation. •One minute per slide. •When time is allotted do not ignore the limit.
Structure of a ten-minute talK• Background (1-2 slides) INTRO• Aim of the study (1 slide – essential!)• Brief methods (1 slide) BODY• Results (4-8 slides)• Summary (1 slide)• Conclusions (1 slide) No more than 20 slides in total!
DO’s• Ensure in advance that the room has a projector.• Do a number of practice runs through the presentation before the real thing.• Be prepared for all technology to fail and either have backup transparencies for images or a full set of notes in order to give the presentation without any slides.• Limit how many slides you include - you usually need far less than you think you do. Again, practice will help you gain confidence to know how many are sufficient.• Only use keywords and simple phrases.• Use a large enough, easy-to-read font.• Label any graphs, charts, figures and diagrams (again in a readable font size).• Include images for visual interest occasionally if relevant.
DON’T• Rely too heavily on the PowerPoint presentation, which may experience technical difficulties on the day.• Simply read from your slides - let them be reminders and key points.• Use amusing fonts - stick to the basics such as Times or Arial.• Use unnecessary slide or text transitions - its distracting and slow to watch letters appear one at a time.• Use PowerPoint sounds or any other sounds unless its part of the presentation.• Choose a template thats busy and doesnt relate to the presentation.
CONCLUSION• Any professional can become an effective presenter.• Knowledge is not enough.• Being able to communicate is equally important.• Investing time and effort in improving presentation skills is “always rewarded”.