American Art Collaborative: Perspectives and Considerations

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American Art Collaborative: Perspectives and Considerations

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American Art Collaborative: Perspectives and Considerations

  1. 1. www.designforcontext.com   Duane  Degler    @ddegler    duane@designforcontext.com   Neal  Johnson    @vanWinkleTunes    neal@designforcontext.com   American  Art  Collabora/ve   Perspec'ves  and  Considera'ons   15  January  2015  
  2. 2. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Confidence  gained  from  presenta/ons  to  AAC  partners   •  CIDOC  CRM  is  a  mature,  extensible,  event-­‐based  ontology   useful  for  modeling  many  types  of  cultural  heritage  data   •  SupplemenEng  technologies,  standards,  and  related  resources   are  developing  rapidly  in  support  of  linked  data  creaEon,   management,  and  use   •  Availability  of  cultural  heritage  Linked  Data  (LD)  is  proliferaEng   •  Cultural  heritage  is  taking  advantage  of  LD  in  creaEve  and   useful  ways   •  AAC  presentaEons  online:  hSp://americanartcollaboraEve.org/info/    
  3. 3. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 PERSPECTIVES   The  0me  is  right  to  join  a  global  effort   pu<ng  linked  data  forward Jakob  Alt,  “Interior  of  a  Gothic  Church”,  1864,  The  Walters  Art  Museum    hSp://bit.ly/1wQpaiu  
  4. 4. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 •  LD  is  here  to  stay.  The  Eme  is  right  for  LAMs  to  be  adopEng   and  making  use  of  it.   PERSPECTIVES  
  5. 5. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Linked  Data  is  here  to  stay   “Next-­‐Gen”  data   structure  standard   card   catalog   •  LCSH   •  Dewey  Decimal   Collections RDb RDb   •  MARC,  CIMI   •  RDA,  Z39.50   XML   •  Schemas  (e.g.,  LIDO,   Dublin  Core,  EAD)   RDF   •  Ontologies  (e.g.,   CIDOC,  BIBFRAME)   Organiza'on   Structure,  math   Independence   Expressiveness  
  6. 6. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Linked  Data  can  be  flexibly  adopted  and  integrated   Archives XML Media DAM RDb Collections RDb LD LD  abstrac/on   layer   Access  interface  layer  
  7. 7. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 •  LD  is  here  to  stay.  The  Eme  is  right  for  LAMs  to  be  adopEng   and  making  use  of  it.   •  Markers  for  ongoing  success  in  linked  data  management?   Same  as  exisEng  data  management.   PERSPECTIVES  
  8. 8. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Markers  for  success   •  Focus  on  goals   •  Long-­‐term  commitment,  not  just  short-­‐term  one-­‐offs   •  Establish  and  maintain  insEtuEonal  authority   •  Find  ways  to  do  more  within  our  resource  constraints   •  Facilitate  integraEon  with  other  data/info  resources   •  Make  technology  transparent  to  end  users   •  Flexibility  and  support  around  change   •  Focus  on  execuEon   •  PracEce  good  project  and  technical  program  management   •  Ensure  maintainability,  scalability,  sustainability,  persistence   •  You  can’t  manage  well  if  you’re  not  measuring  well   •  Iterate,  iterate,  iterate…  
  9. 9. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 •  LD  is  here  to  stay.  The  Eme  is  right  for  LAMs  to  be  adopEng   and  making  use  of  it.   •  Markers  for  ongoing  success  in  data  and  informaEon   management?  Same  as  exisEng  data  management.   •  Full  scope  of  the  LD  value  proposiEon  is  in  development   by  a  distributed  community  on  a  global  stage.   PERSPECTIVES  
  10. 10. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 You  are  par/cipa/ng  in  a  world-­‐wide  effort   •  Use  cases  idenEfying  user  roles,  scenarios,  useful  data  and   informaEon  stores   •  Novel  UI/UX  that  takes  advantage  of  what  LD  can  do  for  us   •  Benefits  both  derived  from,  and  driven  by,  various  models  of   deployment   •  Ensuring  data  is  discoverable  locally  and  at  web  scale   The AAC has a well-timed opportunity to contribute to this effort as a leader
  11. 11. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 CONSIDERATIONS   Framing  ins0tu0onal  roles  and  scoping   op0ons  for  publishing  linked  data Frederick  C.  Frieseke,  “Alernoon  –  Yellow  Room”,  1910,  Indianapolis  Museum  of  Art      hSp://bit.ly/1y58zNH  
  12. 12. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 •  InsEtuEonal  strategies   •  Roles  in  the  LD  community   CONSIDERATIONS  
  13. 13. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 “Producer”   What  roles  to  play  in  the  LD  community?   Web/   app  UIs   Media DAM RDb Library RDb Collection RDb Collection LD Aggregated Collection LD Package  
  14. 14. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 “Consumer”   What  roles  to  play  in  the  LD  community?   Web/   app  UIs   Collection LD Media DAM RDb Library RDb Archives LD Instance Data Vocabs LD Mixed LD
  15. 15. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 “Collaborator”   What  roles  to  play  in  the  LD  community?   Shared LD Shared Content Mixed LD Local Vocab LD Vocabs LD Harmonize  
  16. 16. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 •  InsEtuEonal  strategies   •  Roles  in  the  LD  community   •  Levels  of  engagement  in  the  use  of  LD   CONSIDERATIONS  
  17. 17. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 CULTURAL  HERITAGE  DOMAIN  SCALE   INSTITUTION  LD   INSTITUTION  LD   Varying  levels  of  engagement…  gaining  experience   INSTITUTION  LD   WEB  SCALE   SCIENCE  DOMAIN   INSTITUTION  LD   INSTITUTION  LD  
  18. 18. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Create   EffecEvely  manage  and   use  your  data   Extend     Share  data  seamlessly   among  partners   Enrich     Integrate  with  broader   humaniEes  and  societal  data  
  19. 19. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 •  InsEtuEonal  strategies   •  Roles  in  the  LD  community   •  Levels  of  engagement  in  the  use  of  LD   •  Managing  a  broad  range  of  data   CONSIDERATIONS  
  20. 20. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Star/ng  with  collec/on  data  (AAC  Phase  1)   •  Mapping  &  converEng   •  Publishing   •  Maintaining   Collection LD Collection Data Map  &   Convert   Use/ Publish  
  21. 21. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 How  broad  a  range  of  data  is  useful  and  feasible?   •  Tombstone  and  broader  collecEons  data   •  Other  semi-­‐structured  and  unstructured  data   Examples   •  Provenance   •  ConsDtuents   •  ExhibiDons   •  Research   •  Notes   •  Video,  audio   •  Interviews   •  LeJers   •  Clippings  
  22. 22. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Supplemen/ng  technologies  for  future   •  Emerging  management  tools  for  semi-­‐structured  /  unstructured  data   •  AnnotaEon   •  Inferencing  and  semanEc  search  engines   •  Persistent  URL  formats  and  management  services   •  Image  management  and  addressing   •  EnEty  and  concept  extracEon  to  support  vocabulary  enhancement   •  Terminology  management  and  shared  vocabularies/libraries   •  Natural  language  processing  and  text  parsers   •  ArEficial  intelligence,  machine  learning  and  automated  analysis   •  InformaEon  visualizaEon   •  Interface  and  applicaEon  frameworks  
  23. 23. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Benefits  for  inclusion  of  not-­‐so-­‐structured  resources   •  Enable  structure  and  consistency   •  Ease  of  construcEon  and  inspecEon  when  creaEng  or  updaEng  the  data   •  Conform  to  industry  standards   •  Ease  of  reuse  in  publishing     •  Normalize  enEEes  (people,  organizaEons,  etc.)  and  dates   •  Standardize  vocabularies  across  your  data  contains  enEEes   •  Use  dates  in  calculaEons,  informaEon  visualizaEon     •  Add  depth  to  your  LD  holdings   •  More  resources  you  can  search  across  and  publish  to  the  world  
  24. 24. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 •  InsEtuEonal  strategies   •  Roles  in  the  LD  community   •  Levels  of  engagement  in  the  use  of  LD   •  Managing  a  broad  range  of  data   •  Measuring  the  value  of  LD  iniEaEves  for  the  insEtuEon   CONSIDERATIONS  
  25. 25. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Measuring  the  value  of  LD  ini/a/ves  for  the  ins/tu/on   •  What  defines  “success”  in  our  use  of  LD?   •  Within  our  insEtuEons   •  With  partners  and  the  public   •  How  our  LD  is  used  by  3rd  parEes   •  CollecEve  impact  of  our  efforts   •  Where  can  we  look  to  idenEfy  our  impact?   •  Changes  in  data  consumpEon,  traffic   •  Changes  in  the  number  or  character  of  users  or  partners   •  Greater  quality  or  flexibility  of  use   •  Greater  quality  of  the  quesEons  arising  from  use   •  Others  ?  
  26. 26. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 •  InsEtuEonal  strategies   •  Models  for  expression  of  LD  resources   •  FederaEon  and  aggregaEon   CONSIDERATIONS  
  27. 27. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Federa/on  and  aggrega/on   FederaDon:  Real-­‐Time   Source 1 Source 2 Source 3 Access  
  28. 28. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Federa/on  and  aggrega/on   FederaDon:  Cached   Access   *cache  &  refresh   Source 1 Source 2 * *
  29. 29. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Federa/on  and  aggrega/on   AggregaDon:  Single-­‐point   Source 1 Source 2 Source 3 AggregateAccess  
  30. 30. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Federa/on  and  aggrega/on   AggregaDon:  MulE-­‐point   Source 1 Source 2 Source 3 Aggregate Access   Aggregate
  31. 31. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Federa/on  and  aggrega/on   Federa'on:  Real-­‐Time   Federa'on:  Cached   Aggrega'on:  Single-­‐point   Aggrega'on:  MulE-­‐point  
  32. 32. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 •  InsEtuEonal  strategies   •  Models  for  expression  of  LD  resources   •  FederaEon  and  aggregaEon   •  Balancing  data  models  for  completeness  and  usability   CONSIDERATIONS  
  33. 33. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Modeling  for  completeness   A  scene  on   the  Ice   Produc/on   Part   Produc/on   Part   Produc/on   Part   Produc/on   Part   Consists  of   Produc/on   Event   Was  produced  by   Amsterdam   Avercamp   Painted   c.  1625   Took  place  at   Has  type   Carried  out  by   Has  /mespan   Ska/ng   Refers  to   Concept  Carries  
  34. 34. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Modeling  short-­‐cuts  for  local  needs  and  usability   A  scene  on   the  Ice   Produc/on   Part   Produc/on   Part   Produc/on   Part   Produc/on   Part   Consists  of   Produc/on   Event   Was  produced  by   Amsterdam   Avercamp   Painted   c.  1625   Took  place  at   Has  type   Carried  out  by   Has  /mespan   Ska/ng   Refers  to   Concept  Carries   Created  at   Is  about   Worked  in  
  35. 35. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 •  InsEtuEonal  strategies   •  Models  for  expression  of  LD  resources   •  FederaEon  and  aggregaEon   •  Balancing  data  models  for  completeness  and  usability   •  Harmonizing  and  inferencing   CONSIDERATIONS  
  36. 36. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Museum  2  Museum  1   Harmonizing   Artwork 1 <creatorOf>   Artwork 3 <creatorOf>   <sameAs>   Ar/st  A   Ar/st  A   Artwork 2 LD  Virtual  Museum   Artwork  1   Artwork  3   <creatorOf>   Artwork 2 Ar/st  A  
  37. 37. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Inferencing   “Inferencing”  provides  an  automated  assist  to  help  derive  meaning   and  context  across  large  and/or  heterogeneous  data  sets   Museum   <creatorOf>   <accessionedBy>   <collectedBy>   Ar/st   Artwork  
  38. 38. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 EXAMPLES  AND  IDEAS   How  might  we  use  linked  data? Charles    Wilson  Peale,  “The  ArEst  in  His  Museum”,  1882,  Philadelphia  Academy  of  the  Fine  Arts      hSp://bit.ly/1yc2gVM    
  39. 39. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 •  Data  creaEon  and  management   •  Browsing  and  reviewing  graph  data   •  PersonalizaEon  and  federaEon   •  Deep  analysis  and  ideaEon   •  Cross-­‐domain  visibility   •  Emergent  uses   EXAMPLES  AND  IDEAS  
  40. 40. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Data  crea/on  and  management                    Carnegie  Museum  Provenance  App  
  41. 41. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Data  crea/on  and  management                    Carnegie  Museum  Provenance  App  
  42. 42. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Data  crea/on  and  management                  Carnegie  Museum  Provenance  App  
  43. 43. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Browsing  and  Reviewing  Graph  Data  
  44. 44. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Browsing  and  Reviewing  Graph  Data  
  45. 45. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Browsing  and  Reviewing  Graph  Data  
  46. 46. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Personaliza/on  and  Federa/on  Cleveland  Museum  of  Art  “Gallery  One”   Users  take  their  selecEons  with  them  through  the  museum’s  galleries  
  47. 47.    Personaliza/on  and  Federa/on   National Gallery of Art Rousseau, Henri French 1844-1910 -Tropical Forest with Monkeys -The Equatorial Jungle Phillips Collection Anonymous 19th Century American c. 1880 -Tropical Forest with Birds 2   1  
  48. 48.    Personaliza/on  and  Federa/on   2   3   5   7   4   1   6   8   9   National Gallery of Art Architect: John Russell Pope Built: 1936-1942
  49. 49. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015
  50. 50. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015
  51. 51. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Results  for  Benjamin  Franklin   534  results  total               Social  Studies   Videos   2  Internal   12  External   Ac/vity  Guides   1  Internal     8  External   Texts   11  Internal   74  External   Visuals   8  Internal   59  External   Subject:  All                Curricula:  Core              Grade  Level:  6-­‐12   Available  online   Available  in  school  district   See  details       My  Lesson  Plans   Benjamin  Franklin:     A  Great  Thinker   Math   •  Worksheet     Science   •  On  seasonal  Eme   (Hudson)   •  Electricity  Worksheet     Civics   •      Social  Studies   •      Culture   •  Vie  de  Franklin,  écrite   par  lui-­‐même  -­‐  Tome  I   (French)   •  Vie  de  Benjamin   Franklin,  écrite  par  lui-­‐ même  -­‐  Tome  II   (French)   Culture   (57)         Culture  
  52. 52. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 Emergent  Uses:   The  Buddhas  of  Bamiyan   Destruc've   Event   Culture LD Culture LD   Report Draft Political LD Science LD Scientist Diplomat Archeologist Journal Publication
  53. 53. American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 American  Art  CollaboraEve:  PerspecEves  and  ConsideraEons      15  January  2015 GOING  FORWARD   Communicate  value  of  linked  data  back   home  and  abroad   Pay  close  aSenEon  to  parallel  acEviEes   Share  knowledge,  experience,  needs   Norman  Rockwell,  “Rosie  the  Riveter”,  1943,  Crystal  Bridges  Museum  of  American  Art        hSp://bit.ly/1z132rq  
  54. 54. www.designforcontext.com   Duane  Degler    @ddegler    duane@designforcontext.com   Neal  Johnson    @vanWinkleTunes    neal@designforcontext.com   American  Art  Collabora/ve   Perspec'ves  and  Considera'ons   15  January  2015  

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