Do you know what happened to Philippine Rice?

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A synopsis of the overall state of Philippine Agriculture

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Do you know what happened to Philippine Rice?

  1. 1. Do you know what happened to Philippine Rice?
  2. 2. What do you feel when you see this?
  3. 3. Few days from now
  4. 4. Lets look at the back
  5. 5. 2008 situation marked the height of riceinsufficiency in the country that led to its havingto import rice.
  6. 6. An annual average of around 1.5 MMTIt should be noted that the National Food Authority (NFA) would be bidding out around 2.4 million metric tons (MMT) starting in November.
  7. 7. To fill food security requirement based on the countrys daily rice consumption rate of 726,000 bags.
  8. 8. Making the Philippines as one of the top importers of rice in the world.
  9. 9. Let me take you back in
  10. 10. 1983 under Masagana 99 exports to
  11. 11. Year 1991 Year 1994104 % 101 % Rice Self Sufficient ang PILIPINAS
  12. 12. Now let’s look back again Market Price of 1 kilo for the same quality of rice Year 2002 Thailand Vietnam Philippines 6 Per kilo 7.60 per kilo P17 -NFA is P14Source: Article on What happened to Philippine RicePhilippine Food Security: Far BehindThe author is currently the economic policy adviser for the Supreme National Economic Council of the Office of the Prime Minister of Cambodia.
  13. 13. Production Cost of a kilo of paddy (unhusked rice). Year 2002 Thailand Vietnam Philippines 4.30 Per kilo 2.33 per kilo 5.71 per kiloSource: Article on What happened to Philippine RicePhilippine Food Security: Far Behind
  14. 14. Only a decadeago, the peopleof Vietnam andCambodia wereon the brink of starvation.
  15. 15. Now, sometimes the Philippines unknowinglyimports Cambodian rice that has been exported through Vietnam.
  16. 16. Now let’s compareHECTARAGE TO RICE PRODUCTION According to Julian Lapitan, Senior Manager of the National Programs Relations of IRRI As of Year 2006
  17. 17. 4. 14 Million Hectares committed for Rice Production “making it the smallest in Asia”According to Julian Lapitan, Senior Manager of the National Programs Relations of IRRI
  18. 18. Now let’s compare RICE PRODUCTIONAccording to Julian Lapitan, Senior Manager of the National Programs Relations of IRRI Year 2006
  19. 19. 4. 16 MMTDespite the country’s rice production growing by more than 3 percent, its rice requirement has been 4.7 percent. “We are consuming more rice than what we can produce” - Julian Lapitan, Senior Manager of the National Programs Relations of IRRI
  20. 20. Per Hectare Country’s Rice Yield in 20053.8 (MT/ha) 2.65 MT/ha 3 MT/ha, In 4.57 MT/ha 4.95 MT/ha.MT / ha = metric tons per hectare
  21. 21. has been importing rice despite the fact rice yields in the country have grown faster 2.7 % Annually than the rest of the countries belonging to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) in the last 10 years. - Dr. Sergio Francisco, Chief Science Research Specialist and Program Leader for Impact and Policy Research of PhilRice
  22. 22. Affecting the11. 2 Milllion
  23. 23. Filipino Farmers
  24. 24. Let me take you again back in
  25. 25. YEAR was 1976
  26. 26. The College had graduated 440 foreign students
  27. 27. Thailand 204UPLB Graduates
  28. 28. South Vietnam 40UPLB Graduates
  29. 29. Taiwan 37UPLB Graduates
  30. 30. Indonesia 37UPLB Graduates
  31. 31. Pakistan 25UPLB Graduates
  32. 32. The rest came from some 15 to 20 other countries worldwide.
  33. 33. Many of these graduates are now leaders in their own countries.Source: UPLB College of AgricultureWikipedia
  34. 34. Now do yourecognize this…
  35. 35. Are some familiar?
  36. 36. June 2010
  37. 37. NO MORE.
  38. 38. BECAUSE IT WILL BE
  39. 39. Along withAbolition of 50% of NOT Sustainable 50% 50%
  40. 40. 13,247until June 30,2010
  41. 41. UNSUSTAINABLE =Tindahan Natin who are unpaid with their loan
  42. 42. Let me show it in a drawing Low Low consumption nutrition of riceHigh Priceof Rice
  43. 43. This is a cycle … Low production Low Nutrition of Filipino Intake Farmers Low Importation of RiceConsumption of Rice E.g. Thailand, Vietnam Higher Price of Philippine Rice / Patronage of NFA Rice
  44. 44. June 2010MINDORO RICE NFA RICE P40 P25
  45. 45. More importation of Rice Key Factorsaffecting LowProduction of Rice
  46. 46. This is what NFA looks like
  47. 47. Nanay Dolly can buy 1 kilo of rice with her P18.25.But sometimes she only has P10 to buy for half kilo rice so that she can buy P10 for “tuyo” as her viand.
  48. 48. When Nanay Dolly hasa laundry job sheprioritize buying herP100 for 5 kilo of rice.She still has change forbuying vegetables.
  49. 49. June 2010
  50. 50. Nanay Dolly may never even taste herkababayan’s harvest.Because Philippine Rice is P40. Making industry not appealing to Farmers anymore.
  51. 51. Can not compete with cheap price fromleading rice exporters
  52. 52. Let us study in-depth
  53. 53. More importation of RiceLow Production of Filipino Farmers
  54. 54. Limitations / Concerns Facing our FarmersAccording to Julian Lapitan, Senior Manager of the National Programs Relations of IRRI
  55. 55. Lack of Input of seeds to Farmers Irrigation System CREDIT SYSTEM
  56. 56. BUREAU
  57. 57. Market Based Policy Measures2/3 Rice Land cultivated by tenants throughshared cropping agreement with a percent ofharvest goes to the Landlord as payment forthe use of land as input to production and restof harvest goes to farmers, traders, informallending institutions for the purchase of farminputs and for provisions of needs.
  58. 58. In some cases landlord owns thethreshing and milling facilitiesSource: Philippine Institute for Development Studies Rice and Philippine Politics by Ponciano S. Intal Jr and Marissa Garcia
  59. 59. Among with many othersRice CartelManagement of irrigation facilitiesSupport SystemTraining with latest developmentSource: Philippine Institute for Development Studies Rice and Philippine Politicsby Ponciano S. Intal Jr. and Marissa Garcia
  60. 60. Let me challenge you…If you were given a chance to meet and propose a project with the newly elected President of the Philippines what would you like to say to him? In ten words or less…
  61. 61. What can be done Now?...
  62. 62. Redeem the
  63. 63. What can be done now? Let us redeem the Philippine Agriculture. Exactly 10 words.
  64. 64. VISION OF THE PHILIPPINESAGRICULTUREBASKET OF ASIA
  65. 65. 1. Strategic Planning to the Grass Roots Make the ordinary farmers and private sectors be part of the provincial Strategic Planning on a National Level
  66. 66. FARMERS NATIONWIDE SIMULTANEOU S SUMMITMaking Farmers part of the planning –Let them put into words what are their ideas.More buy in for the projects if they themselvesPut title in the project- write words in the program.More buy in for the government projects
  67. 67. HOW? By havingFARMER FORMAL BASED ORGANIZATION Headed by an SME Subject Matter Expert
  68. 68. Making Filipino Farmers
  69. 69. Through “One-Stop Shop” Consultancy FirmBusiness Empowerment ZoneSmall Business Handbook – A Complete Guide in doing businessFarmers, Fishermen & Businessmen SummitVision CastingAnalyze Historical Data and Comprehensive Situation AnalysisCreation of Advisory Board – Lead Convenor per Barangay
  70. 70. The 4 Walls ofBusiness Advisory Council Sector and Capacity Coordination Building Management Private Sector Agriculture Infrastructure Management Develop
  71. 71. LGU should provide basic inputs like seeds, seedlings, and fish fries and earn taxes from the produce.
  72. 72. Rebuilding the 4 Wallsof Philippine Agriculture Sector and Capacity Coordination Building Management Private Sector Agriculture Infrastructure Management Develop
  73. 73. Government Policy Focus on Agricultural Facilities Rice mills, feed mills, rural roads, transportation, irrigation systems, cold storage and landing sites
  74. 74. VISION OF THE PHILIPPINESAGRICULTUREBASKET OF ASIA
  75. 75. GOVERNMENT POLICY FULL SUPPORT TO: FILIPINO SCIENTISTS CHRISTINA DAVID 2004 COMPLEMENTARY PAPER ON HYBRID RICE PROGRESS IN THE COUNTRY.Source: Philippine Institute for Development Studies Rice and Philippine Politicsby Ponciano S. Intal Jr. and Marissa Garcia
  76. 76. “Rice is 4%protein and 96% politics.” -Lawrence Theriot, Washington D.C. Lobbyist,2000
  77. 77. We give salute to the unsung heroes behind this projectsBAS Citizens CharterEnsuring transparency and the right to information.CountrySTAT PhilippinesYour gateway to information on agriculture and foodBAS Intranet System (BASIS)A key tool in allowing BAS staff to communicate and share informationOnline Public Access Catalogue (OPAC)An online catalogue of materials on various fields held at the BAS libraryASEAN Food Security Information System (AFSIS)ASEANs facility for sharing and access of data on food securityRegional Data Exchange System (RDES)Data Exchange System on food and agri-statistics in Asia and the PacificRural Sector Statistical Information System (RSSIS)Presents the RSSIS-RP framework containing 14 modulesCommunity Level Statistical Information System (CLSIS)Provides all relevant information about the CLSISDEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGYANGAT LAHI ACADEMY
  78. 78. To make PhilippinesRice Self Sufficient again
  79. 79. I JUST KNOW FOR SUREThis will happen in the near future.
  80. 80. TEAM PHILIPPINES – ONE TEAM The Philippines is a beautiful country and welove our country. We aim to raise a mobile teamof speakers, trainers and volunteers that arecommitted to challenging Filipinos to stay in ourcountry and be part in nation building. Weconceptualize, design, implement trainings thataim to uplift Filipino Farmers and Fishermen in alanguage they understand at a very low costthrough partnership with Local Government Unitsand other institutions.
  81. 81. Thoughts? Comments? Suggestions? Feel free to email philippinesfinest@live.comWe look forward to hear from you.

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