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Framing Floors, And Walls
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Framing Floors, And Walls

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  • 1. Framing Floors, And Walls
  • 2. Floor Plans
    • Before work on floor framing, carpenters study floor framing details included in the drawings.
    • Floor plans will indicate:
      • Direction
      • Size
  • 3. Types of Framing
    • Platform
      • Used in most residential construction.
      • Can be used on both one and two story structures.
      • Pg. 442
    • Balloon
      • Was once used extensively, but in recent years has diminished in importance.
      • Wall studs rest directly on sill, pg.444(solid sill/T-sill)
      • More stability than platform framing.
  • 4. Installing Sills
    • Sills-first part of framing.
    • Sills are attached directly to the concrete foundation.
    • There are two ways to attach the sill:
      • Strap style pg. 448
      • Anchor Bolt pg. 449
  • 5. Floor Joists
    • Joists provide support for the floor.
    • Usually made from southern yellow pine. Also available in aluminum and steel.
  • 6. Floor Joists Cont.
    • Floor joists size range from 2by6 to 2by12.
    • Size depends on length of home.
    • A spacing of 16 in oc (on center) is common in most areas/states.
  • 7. Page 451
    • Headers
    • Girder
    • Floor Joists
  • 8. Sub floor-pg. 454
    • Plywood, tongue and grove boards are commonly used.
    • The sub floor serves three purposes:
      • Adds structural stability to the structure.
      • Provides a base for finish flooring material. Carpet/tile
      • Provides a floor for the carpenter to layout and construct additional framing.
      • When laying down the sub floor, use some type of adhesive to glue down. After gluing the sub floor to floor joists attach with metal fastener, screws/nails
          • This will prevent future squeaking and add 25% additional structural stability.
  • 9. Wall Framing
    • In modern framing, walls and ceiling joists form one structural system.
      • Walls support the ceiling, and the ceiling add structural stability to the walls.
  • 10. Wall Framing
    • Wall framing involves a proper arrangement of wall framing components.
      • Sole plate 2*4’s
      • Top plates 2*4’s
      • Studs 2*4’s
  • 11. Wall Framing Cont
      • Headers (2 by 10, 2 by 12)
      • Braces
      • Sheating (¾ inch osb)
  • 12. Wall Framing
    • Wall framing lumber must have good stiffness and nail holding properties.
      • Free from warp
      • Moisture content should be between 15 and 19 %
  • 13. Wall Framing Parts pg 459
    • Studs- 16 in O.C.
    • Rough Sill
    • Header
    • Cripple studs
    • Trimmer Studs/King Studs
    • Sole Plate
    • Top Plate
    • Double top Plate
  • 14. Fasteners
    • When attaching framing members you should use 3 inch 16d nails.
      • 16 d means 16 penny nails
      • The higher the d (penny) the thicker the nail
  • 15. Fasteners Cont.
    • Roofing- use 1 ¼ to 1 ¾ inch roofing nails
    • Siding- use 1 ¼ to 1 ¾ inch roofing nails
    • Trim work- use 6d(penny) 1 ½ inch trim nails
  • 16. Reference page
    • Modern Woodworking
    • Lowes (Home Improvement)