Visual dictionary-Vault

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Visual dictionary-Vault

  1. 1. Air Barrier<br />Air barrier- or known as house wrap is put up to help protect the inside of the building from outside elements before the siding is installed<br />- Allows minimal water vapor into the house before the siding is put up<br />
  2. 2. Attic Ventilation<br />Soffit vent<br />Soffit vent- a soffit vent is an opening under the eave of a roof that allows air to flow into the attic or space below the roof<br />
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation<br />Ridge Vent<br />Ridge vent- a ridge vent is an open assembly the length of the roof at allows air to circulate in and out of the roof<br />
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation<br />Roof Turbine<br />Roof turbine- roof turbines spin when a breeze blows which pulls the attic air outside<br />
  5. 5. Backhoe<br />Width- 5 feet<br />A backhoe is a piece of equipment the helps move dirt, gravel, and any other material on your jobsite from one place to another. <br />
  6. 6. Brick Arch<br />This brick arch is segmental.<br />
  7. 7. Brick Arch<br />This brick arch is Roman because if continued would make a circle and not an elliptical.<br />
  8. 8. Brick Arch with a keystone<br />
  9. 9. Running Bond<br />The running bond is made entirely of stretchers<br />
  10. 10. Common Bond<br />A common bond has a row of headers on every 6th row of stretchers<br />
  11. 11. Brick Positions<br />Rowlock<br />
  12. 12. Brick Positions<br />Header<br />Stretcher<br />
  13. 13. Brick Positions<br />Soldier<br />
  14. 14. Brick Positions<br />Stretcher Rowlock (Shiner)<br />
  15. 15. Brick Sizes<br />Modular Brick<br /> 3-5/8” x 2-1/2” x 7-5/8”<br />
  16. 16. Brick Sizes<br />Norman Brick<br />3-5/8” x 2-1/4” x 11-5/8”<br />
  17. 17. Bulldozer<br />Bulldozer- a tracked tractor with a plate on the front to push large quantities of soil, gravel, rubble<br />
  18. 18. Brick clad Structure<br />
  19. 19. EIFS Clad structure<br />
  20. 20. Stone Clad Structure<br />The stone structure is a running bond<br />And the stone is coursed rubble<br />
  21. 21. Wood Board Clad Structure<br />
  22. 22. Wood Shingle Clad Structure<br />Wood shingles- shingles are sawn from wood blocks and have a relatively smooth surface.<br />Wood shakes- shakes are split from wood blocks. They are less uniform in thickness<br />I believe these are wood shakes because of the relatively unsmooth surface<br />
  23. 23. Code Requirements:Egress Window<br />Height- 25 in.<br />Width- 30 in. <br />Area- 750 sq. in. Or 5.2 sq. ft. <br />Sill height- 27 in. <br />The IBC requirement call for 5.7 sq. ft. and a minimum height being no less than 24 in. and the minimum width being no less than 20 in. The sill height can be no more than 44 in. <br />Our window doesn’t meet the net area for square feet. <br />
  24. 24. Code Requirements:Stair Tread and Riser<br />Riser- 6 in.<br />Tread- 11in. <br />Code requires a 10 in. minimum tread depth and a 7-3/4 maximum riser height<br />These stairs meet code because they fall above and below the required tread and riser<br />
  25. 25. Concrete Control Joints<br />Control joint- an intentional dis-continuity of a component to allow cracking there instead of everywhere else in the structure<br />
  26. 26. CMU <br />Three courses of brick equal the height of one CMU block<br />CMU- a block of hardened concrete designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or a stone. <br />Typical dimensions of CMU are 8 x 8 x 16<br />
  27. 27. Decorative CMU:Split block<br />
  28. 28. Doors<br />Exterior Flush<br />
  29. 29. Doors<br />Exterior panel door<br />Top rail<br />Panel<br />Lock Rail<br />Stile<br />Bottom Rail<br />
  30. 30. Doors<br />Transom<br />A transom is a small window directly above the door<br />Sidelights<br />A sidelight is a tall narrow window alongside a door<br />
  31. 31. Electrical components<br />Underground transformer- transfers electrical energy from one circuit to another through its coils<br />
  32. 32. Electrical Components<br />Meter<br />Measures the amount of electrical energy going into the building<br />The spot where the wires first enter the house and then to the meter<br />Service Head<br />
  33. 33. Electrical Components<br />Allows the electricity to be transferred to appliances in the room<br />Duplex Receptacle<br />
  34. 34. Framing Elements<br />1. Anchor Bolt<br />
  35. 35. Framing elements<br />#2 sill plate<br />
  36. 36. Framing Elements<br /># 3 floor joist<br />
  37. 37. Framing elements<br /># 4 subflooring<br />
  38. 38. Framing elements<br /># 5 Sole Plate<br />
  39. 39. Framing Elements<br />6. Stud<br />
  40. 40. Framing Elements<br />7. Top Plate<br />
  41. 41. Framing Elements<br />#8 ceiling joist<br />
  42. 42. Framing elements<br /># 9 rafter<br />
  43. 43. Framing Elements<br />10. Roof Decking<br />
  44. 44. Framing Elements<br />#11 sheathing<br />
  45. 45. Framing Elements<br />#12 stringer<br />
  46. 46. Front end loader<br />A front end loader is primary used for loading material onto another type of machinery. It differs from a bulldozer because it can lift and load material whereas the bulldozer can only push. It differs from a back hoe which is mainly used for digging and not just moving<br />
  47. 47. Heat Pump and Compressor<br />Heat pump-<br />Disadvantage-inability to operate at low temperatures<br />Advantage- they pay their own way<br />Compressor- the main focus of a compressor is to pressurize and transport liquid<br />
  48. 48. Insulation<br />Rigid Board Insulation<br />The purpose of insulation is to insulate the air inside the building from the outside and vice-versa. It helps keep the building cool in the summer and warm in the winter<br />
  49. 49. Lintel<br />Used to support the weight of the structure over a window or opening that isn&apos;t as strong as the rest of it<br />
  50. 50. Mortar Joints<br />Raked Joint<br />Mortar is 3/8 in thick.<br />It is used on a wall around a garden area<br />Mortar type- N<br />
  51. 51. Mortar Joint<br />Concave Joint<br />Mortar width 3/8 in.<br />Used on a column<br />Either M or S type because of the amount of load on the column <br />
  52. 52. Oriented Strand Board<br />OSB- no veneered panel product formed by layering strands of wood in specific orientation. The wooden strips are compressed and bonded with wax or resin adhesieves<br />
  53. 53. Plumbing<br />Lavatory<br />Diameter 1-1/2 ‘’<br />
  54. 54. Plumbing<br />Water Closet<br />Piping is 3’’ diameter.<br />
  55. 55. Plumbing<br />Plumbing roof vent<br />The VTR allows for relief of sewer gasses into the outside air<br />
  56. 56. Plumbing<br />This sink is a drop in mount<br />
  57. 57. Rebar<br />Rebar is # 8. 1’’ in diameter.<br />The deformations help make it rigid and stronger<br />
  58. 58. Steep Roof Draining<br />Gutter- a gutter is used to transfer water from the roof to the downspout<br />Gutter Downspout<br />Downspout- a downspout transfers the water from the gutter down to the ground off the splash block<br />Splash block- underneath the downspout to help displace the water and help erosion<br />
  59. 59. Steep Roof Materials<br />Metal Panel Roof<br />Galvanized steel was used<br />
  60. 60. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gable<br />
  61. 61. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gambrel<br />
  62. 62. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Hip Roof<br />
  63. 63. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Mansard<br />
  64. 64. Steep Roof Terms<br />Ridge<br />Ridge is the top point of the roof<br />
  65. 65. Steep Roof Terms<br />Valley<br />Valley- a valley is the part of the roof where to faces meet and the valley funnels the water down to the gutter<br />
  66. 66. Steep Roof Terms<br />Eave<br />The edge of the roof. The end of the eave usually sticks beyond the edge of the building<br />
  67. 67. Steep Roof Terms<br />Rake<br />Rake- the slope of the roof at the end of the gable<br />
  68. 68. Steep Roof Terms<br />Soffit<br />Soffit- under part of the roof that sticks out over the side of the wall. Sometimes has a vent as well<br />
  69. 69. Steep Roof Terms<br />Fascia<br />The side of the over hang of the roof<br />
  70. 70. Steep Roof Terms<br />Building without Fascia<br />A building without a fascia doesn’t have an over hang over the side of the building<br />
  71. 71. Stone<br />Coursed ashlar<br />
  72. 72. Stone<br />Coursed Rubble<br />
  73. 73. Vapor Retarder<br />A vapor retarder is used like a weather barrier in that its purpose it to keep vapor from entering the building outside of the insulation<br />
  74. 74. Weep Hole<br />A weep hole is used to let water escape from in betweeen the brick and the building when it enters through the mortar<br />
  75. 75. Welded Wire Fabric<br />The grid was 8’x 8’<br />

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