UN Tajikistan - Children's Day Special Issue


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1 June 2011

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UN Tajikistan - Children's Day Special Issue

  1. 1. UN Tajikistan BulletinSpecial iSSUe for The iNTerNaTioNal childreN’S day, 1 JUNe
  2. 2. Dear Reader, I am pleased to share with you the special edition of UN bulletin dedicated to issues of children and young genera- tion of Tajikistan. This publication highlights joint and co- ordinated efforts of UN system in Tajikistan in addressing sometimes insurmountable problems facing the new genera- tion of Tajik children. Timeliness of this special publication should be stressed as we are still facing the growing number of children being denied their basic rights and needs. We at- tempted to highlight those areas where our activities havehad some modest but important success such as access to education, safeguarding children’shealth, improving school conditions and processes with supplementary programs, improvingchildren’s livelihoods and UN’s joint and quick response to polio outbreak last year. However,we acknowledge that some of the burning issues related to Tajik street children who are forcedto do the most difficult and hardest jobs, as well as domestic violence remained outside thecontent of this particular edition which we hope to cover in the next editions of UN bulletin. It should be mentioned that the Government of Tajikistan is very committed and forthcomingin eradicating all obstacles in full realization of children’s rights and needs. The UN agencieswill wholeheartedly continue to support and complement government efforts with one voice.Having spent considerable part of my entire career working on child programmes in manycountries as a UNICEF official, which included all Central Asian countries, and especially childprogrammes in Tajikistan during 1992-2003, I will spare no effort as a UN Resident Coordi-nator in Tajikistan to achieve all the goals we set for ourselves in ensuring a better life for allchildren of Tajikistan. Alexander Zuev United Nations Resident CoordinatorcontentsYoung People Teach Each Other How to Prevent Spread of HIV in Tajikistan ..................... 3Cash Allowances Help Families with HIV Positive Children in Tajikistan Regain Hope .......... 4Giving Children a Chance to Develop and Enjoy Life ........................................................ 5Battling Polio Outbreak in Tajikistan .............................................................................. 6Tajik Village Yearns to See First Girl in University ........................................................... 7Tree Planting for Income Generation and Environmental Protection .................................. 8Efforts in Eliminating the Polio Outbreak in the Republic of Tajikistan ................................ 9Every Pregnancy Wanted, Every Birth Safe, Every Newborn Healthy .............................. 10Rehabilitation Becomes a Focus of the Main Success in Tajikistan .................................. 112
  3. 3. UNFPAyoUNg people Teach each oTher how TopreveNT Spread of hiv iN TaJikiSTaN Tajikistan youth in Y-PEER training to build the skills they will need to be effective peer educatorsAlthough fewer than 3,500 HIV infections have been prevention of HIV and otherofficially reported in the Republic of Tajikistan, which sexually transmitted infec-has a population of almost 7.5 million, HIV preva- tions among rural youth.lence has been steadily increasing in the country for Started in Eastern Europemore than two decades. to deal with the dramatic increase in HIV prevalenceOne of the major factors facilitating the spread of among youth in that region,the virus in Tajikistan considered being in the early Y-PEER has become an in-stages of an epidemic, is poor knowledge of how HIV ternational network thatis transmitted and a reluctance to discuss it. These is- connects over 7000 youngsues exist in the country in parallel with low level of Khairi Kamolova, peer educators with informa-knowledge on HIV, high level of risk behaviour among Peer educator tion, training, support and apopulation and high level of stigma and discrimina- wide range of electronic resources.tion of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Mi-gration patterns also have a role to play as large num- During her work she has faced a variety of challenges,bers of men travel to Russia, which has a much higher from misunderstandings by her fellow villagers, toHIV prevalence, for work. Eastern Europe and Cen- lack of financial resources to work with youth. But shetral Asia is the only region where AIDS-related deaths is sustained by her belief that saving even one life ishave continued to rise, according to the latest global an important contribution.report published by UNAIDS. Helping families copeRural youth are increasingly at risk Some stories have a happier ending. For instance,With more than 30% of Tajikistan’s population un- V.T. migrated to Russia to earn money to start hisder the age of 25 and more than 70% living in the own business in Tajikistan upon return. While there,countryside, rural youth are increasingly at risk. The he became infected with HIV. When he found outdissemination of information through peer educa- about his status, he called home and asked his par-tion has become an effective strategy to increase the ents to send his wife, A.Z., and two children back toknowledge of young people about their sexual and re- her family, to protect her.productive health and reproductive rights, as well asthe various forms of HIV prevention. She, in turn, contacted the information centre, and through Khairi was introduced to Parvina Nuridino-Khairi Kamolova is a 20-year-old girl who works va, the Y-PEER Focal Point in Tajikistan who offeredfor the Youth Committee of Vakhsh District. She at- help and advice and liaised with V.T’s parents to im-tended a National Y-PEER (Youth Peer Education prove the situation for everyone.Network) Training of Trainers supported by UNFPAin Tajikistan in 2008 and since that time has actively In Tajikstan, as in many other parts of the world, youngsupported the network. She shares information on people are leading the HIV ‘prevention revolution.’UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, is an international development agency that promotes the right of everywoman, man and child to enjoy a life of health and equal opportunity. UNFPA supports countries in using populationdata for policies and programmes to reduce poverty and to ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe,every young person is free of HIV/AIDS, and every girl and woman is treated with dignity and respect.* Note: The real names of V.T. and A.Z. referred to in this article have not been used to protect their identities 3
  4. 4. caSh allowaNceS help familieS wiTh hivpoSiTive childreN iN TaJikiSTaN regaiN hope 2011, all HIV-positive children in Tajikistan will be receiving a monthly allowance in the amount of about 50 US dollars. For the country where the aver- age monthly salary of a public servant is less than this amount and more than 40 per cent of the population still live below the poverty line, this allowance is de- signed to help parents provide and support for their HIV positive children. The adoption of a government resolution to provide social assistance to HIV positive children in Tajikistan is a result of continued advocacy and policy dialogue spearheaded by UNICEF. UNICEF also helped the country in costing the social protection scheme andDUSHANBE, Tajikistan, March 2011 - Playing developing the regulation.with her three-year-old son, Olim*, Marhabo tells mea story of desperation and hope. Their tiny, dimly- “Family is the first line of protection and support forlit apartment on the outskirts of Dushanbe tells just children,” says Hongwei Gao, UNICEF Representa-how poor they are. The room is bare except for an old tive in Tajikistan. “Well targeted direct cash transferblackand-white TV. Marhabo and her son sit, eat and in an effective way of supporting poor families and, insleep on a pile of worn-out blankets. Plastic sheets this case, families with HIV positive children. It pro-serve as a replacement for some missing glass in the vides a safety net for the child.”apartment’s windows. Social assistance to HIV positive children is just one“I was only 19 and newly married when Olim was element of UNICEF’s support for Tajikistan’s effortsborn,” Marhabo tells. “After six months, my husband in HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment. UNICEFleft for Russia in search of a job. Over the last two also works to prevent and reduce sexually transmit-years, I have not heard from him.” ted infections and HIV transmission, particularly to newborns, help the country’s healthcare providersThe husband’s departure was not the largest tragedy diagnose HIV at Regaining hope early stages, andin the lives of Marhabo and Olim. Two years after her increase access of the most vulnerable young peopleson’s birth, Marhabo learnt that they both have HIV. and pregnant women to quality voluntary counseling, testing and treatment.“It was like a death sentence for me,” she recalls. “All Ithought about HIV at that time was that it is a diseaseof drug addicts and commercial sex workers. I hated Regaining hopemyself for infecting Olim with the disease.” Marhabo is one of possibly hundreds of parentsPutting her arms around Olim, Marhabo confides who could soon start receiving the allowance. Ac-that after finding out her diagnosis, she was desperate cording to the Republican HIV/AIDS Preventionand considered sending Olim to an orphanage. She Centre, there are currently 53 children registeredknew she could hardly earn enough to buy bread and as HIV positive, which makes them eligible to re-potatoes – the major diet for her and her son. Most of ceive the cash allowance. In practice, the number ofall, she was afraid of asking her husband’s family for HIV positive children in the country may be severalhelp, fearing stigma and discrimination if they learnt times higher.about her and Olim’s disease. “I have hope again,” Marhabo says. “I feel I can raiseLife-saving support Olim and help him become an educated and inde- pendent person.”Desperation gave way to hope last month, whenMarhabo learnt from a local NGO that starting in “This is all I need in my life,” she adds.Note: *Fictional names were used to protect the identity of people in the story.4
  5. 5. giviNg childreN a chaNce To develop aNd eNJoy life Behzod and Sitora are among more than 640 chil- dren attending the out-of school curriculum centre in Panjakent. Created in what used to be a “Dom Pionera” (Pioneers’ House) in the Soviet period, the centre now offers classes in drawing, sewing, knitting, computer literacy, baking, dancing, sing- ing and so on. Children attending the centre are in some way luckier than thousands of their peers across the district. With a population of about 240 thousand, Panjakent has only one such centre to of- fer classes to children. “When two years ago we decided to rehabilitate the centre, UNICEF supported us by providing the equip- ment and materials for all the various classes,” says the director of the centre, Jurakul Ahrorov. “With only minimal investment, we have turned the aban- doned building into a place that many children now call their second home.” The centre focuses primarily on the most under- privileged groups of children. It pioneers inclusive education in the district, with 18 children with dis-PANJAKENT, 7 May 2011 – Drawing an apple tree abilities enrolled in different classes in the centre. Iton a piece of paper, Behzodi Khurshed, 15, uses only also serves as a non-punitive correction facility, withbrightest colours. This was different only six months 16 children who are in conflict with the law currentlyago when Behzod just began attending the out-of- attending the centre. More than 30 children in theschool curriculum centre in Panjakent, a predomi- centre are orphans or have only one biological parent,nantly rural town in northern Tajikistan. and about 50 children are from very poor families.“We saw that Behzod was a very bright child from When the centre began to operate in early 2010, it washis first day in the centre,” says Nigina Eshonkulova, difficult to convince parents to allow their children towho works as a psychologist in the centre. “He liked attend it. Some feared that children with disabilitiesto draw and he certainly had the talent, but he was al- would face stigma and discrimination. Others hadways choosing the black colour for his drawings. This reservations about inclusive education.was most probably the impact of stress and discrimi-nation he endured being deaf and mute since child- “Only several months of the centre’s operation havehood. After several months of attending the centre, convinced the sceptics that we need this centre,” saysBehzod’s drawings were full of colour.” Ahrorov. ‘The centre already accommodates more students than it is designed to do. But almost everyIn another room in the centre, a group of girls have a day, there are mothers and father approaching mebaking class. Sitorai Ulugbek, 13, helps her peers pre- and asking to find a place for their children in thepare the dough for pastries. She is visually impaired, centre.”but this has not prevented her from becoming one ofthe best students in the class. After their classes end, Behzod and Sitora walk home together. They laugh loudly, telling each other stories“Sitora does not go to school because it is not designed they have heard from their peers in the centre.to accommodate children with very poor sight,” saysMahbuba Kholova, baking instructor. “This class is “I have never seen Sitora so happy,” says her mother,probably the only place where she learns to be part Zarina Khushvahtova, hiding tears in her eyes. “I canof the group and do something with other children. finally see that she is just like everyone else and thatFrom what I can see, Sitora is absolutely happy here.” she can also enjoy life.” 5
  6. 6. BaTTliNg polio oUTBreak iN TaJikiSTaNPANJAKENT DISTRICT, Tajikistan, 11 No- delivered almost 17.3 million doses of oral polio vac-vember 2010 – Savrinisso Yusupova, 34, smiles cine. UNICEF has also led a national communicationhappily as she leaves hospital after her six-month- and social mobilisation effort here to inform the gen-old son, Parviz, received two drops of the oral polio eral public about polio immunisation and mobilisevaccine. communities to support the campaign.“I do not know much about polio,” she says. “Howev- Informing parentser, I have recently learnt from a TV programme thatthe disease is dangerous and it can cripple my child “I was reminded many times about the vaccina-for life. I am glad that my child is now protected from tion dates,” says Savrinisso. “I first learnt aboutpolio by the vaccine.” the need to vaccinate my child against polio from TV. The village doctor then came and told meA massive effort more about vaccination. Finally, my husband also brought the information about vaccination fromThis is already the sixth time this year that Savrinisso the local mosque.”brought her child for vaccination in this remote Farobvillage in northern Tajikistan. Savrinisso’s son is one The effort to immunise children against polio wasof almost three million Tajik children under 15 years matched by a nationwide campaign aiming at in-of age who have been vaccinated in this last round forming parents and caregivers about the need toof the nationwide polio immunisation campaign in vaccinate their children. In the run-up to all rounds2010. of vaccination, national and regional TV and radio stations across the country aired repeatedly theThe campaign was launched this spring after announcements about the campaign. Millions ofTajikistan witnessed its first reappearance of polio leaflets and hundreds of thousands of posters andcases since the country was certified as polio-free in banners in Tajik, Uzbek, Russian and Dari were2002. The campaign is coordinated by Tajikistan’s produced and distributed through health centres,Ministry of Health, with support from UNICEF, schools, kindergartens, markets and mosquesWHO and other international partners. It is designed across the country.to protect Tajikistan’s children from the deadly dis-ease and make the country polio-free again. The social mobilisation campaign focused specifically on remote, isolated and under-served populations,With the support of partners from the Global Polio including Central Asian Roma communities and Af-Eradication Initiative (GPEI), UNICEF procured and ghan refugee enclaves. Six-month-old Parviz receives two drops of the life-saving polio vaccine in a rural hospital in Farob village, northern Tajikistan6
  7. 7. TaJik village yearNS To See firST girl iN UNiverSiTyThe poor village of Kisht, on the Tajikistan-Afghani- under which the organization will give 370,000 chil-stan border, has never managed to send a girl to uni- dren a daily coked. The food motivates the parentsversity. So community leaders are delighted about to sed their children to school where they can ac-WFP programme which should mean girls stay at quire a larger arsenal of learning for their entry intoschool longer. Now, they hope, maybe one will take the adult world.the next step.In the village of Kisht, a stone’s throw from the Panj First girl to universityRiver which marks the border with Afghanistan, “In the history of this village, none of the girls hasschool principal Murodali Odinaev is only too aware gone to university,” Sharipov exclaimed. “Someoneof the very limited opportunities for young people. must be the pioneer!”Slow progress The closest any woman has got to post-secondary school is Khatichamo Saidalieva, who took a basic“Last year, eight girls graduated from Grade 11. Out computer course after her marriage and becameof the eight, seven are married. Of the 11 boys who the school’s computer teacher. But with electricitygraduated, four went to university and three went to rationing during the day, she is unable to turn thetechnical college,” Odinaev told a group of visitors computer on.from WFP. Parvina Fathulloeva, a member of the Kisht Parent-“But even those eight girls are an advance over previ- Teacher Association, tried several times to go toous years,” he added. “Before, almost all the girls left university. She succeeded in graduating from Gradeafter Grade 9, when their parents could legally take 11 and applied several times to medical school, butthem out of school and keep them at home.” with her parents refusing to give her financial back- ing, she failed to maneuver her way in. With twoOdinaev’s school receives WFP food for the children daughters in Grades 3 and 5, she is keeping her eyein Grades 1 to 4 – when enrolment and attendance now on their future.are near perfect, he notes, thanks in large part to theWFP commodities which are cooked into a hearty “My daughters like school very much and eat everysplit pea soup accompanied by freshly baked bread. daily nicely cooked soup in schools,” said Parvina. “I often ask the teachers about them, are they doingBoth Odinaev and the village head, Kurbon Sharipov, well, are they behaving? Because it is my dream thatapplaud WFP’s school feeding plan for Tajikistan, they go on to university.” 7
  8. 8. Tree plaNTiNg for iNcome geNeraTioNaNd eNviroNmeNTal proTecTioNThe Rasht Valley is an agricultural region consist- tion as an effective defense against mudflows, land-ing with the main income-generation activities being slides and avalanches. WFP distributed 10,000 fruitpotato-growing, vegetable gardening, bee-keeping, tree seedlings and 15,000 poplar seedlings among 50and livestock breeding. The region is characterized schools. Some 10,000 students have been “assigned”by natural disasters and environmental erosion. one tree apiece and are responsible for making itUNICEF in 2009 started a campaign to raise aware- grow. The actual Food for Work participants are 250ness about disaster risk mitigation (DRM) in 500 sec- school support staff. The fruit will be consumed byondary schools across the country, out of which 150 the students or sold so that the profits can be investedare in the Rasht Valley. The course focuses on foresta- in the schools.8
  9. 9. efforTS iN elimiNaTiNg The polio oUTBreakiN The repUBlic of TaJikiSTaNThe commitment of Republic of Tajikistan in eliminating the polio and the efforts frominternational community will stamp out the polio! detailed micro-planning workshop was conducted for the EPI Managers at National level and Oblasts prior to the campaign. Trainings were conducted for the health workers before the first round. Social mobiliza- tion activities like TV, radio, poster/banner, press con- ference/press release, vehicle announcements, SMS by mobile companies and community meetings were held before the commencement of the campaign. Above all, the health workers have visited every household before the campaign dates in their respective catchment areas to ensure high coverage. Several coordination meet- ings were held between different departments of MoH. Vaccine and other logistics were distributed to all theThe Republic of Tajikistan, which had been polio-free facilities on time. As a result, the campaign was wellsince 1996, experienced a massive polio outbreak in organized. Different strategies were used to reach the2010 following an importation of poliovirus from targets which include fixed posts at facilities, mobilenorthern India in 2010. In total, 458 laboratory con- teams according to need, teams to reach kinder gar-firmed polio cases were reported in 2010 from 35 out dens and in some remote areas teams went on don-of 61 administrative territories of Tajikistan. This has keys. Transit teams were also deployed to target travel-been the first outbreak in the EURO region since it ling children during campaign days.was certified polio free in 2002, and also the biggestoutbreak in the world since 2005. Government involvement in supervision and moni- toring found remarkably high. In addition, WHO,The Government of Tajikistan responded quickly UNICEF and USAID along with the partner agenciesto the outbreak and alerted WHO and neighboring Save the Children USA, Mercy Corps, Red Crescentcountries about the cases. Consultants and special and AKHS jointly conducted in-process and end-investigation teams were on ground within few days process campaign monitoring. The analysis of the postafter the news of the outbreak. campaign monitoring reveals that the overall coverageIn response, the Ministry of Health (MoH) with sup- was 98%. All the Oblasts achieved more than 95% OPVport from the WHO, UNICEF, USAID and other coverage. Awareness about the campaign also foundpartners, had implemented six rounds of National significantly high in all Oblasts except Dushanbe. TheImmunization Days (NIDs) and one round of SNIDs main reason for children missed were due to absencein 2010. As result of this well coordinated response during the house visit by the health workers.the outbreak was stopped within six months. The last “The synchronized work of the Ministry of Healthlaboratory confirmed polio case was in July 4th 2010. with WHO, UNICEF and all partners working on theHowever, despite the achievements made in stop- polio eradication has played a key role in achievingping the outbreak, the country has to remain vigilant good results in 2011, which proved that the joint ef-as long as there is polio circulation in the neighboring forts can bring to success and good results” – notedcountries near and far. Also it is essential for the coun- Dr Rakhmatullaev Sh.R (Head of Family Planningtry to regain its polio free status by the international and Child department of the Ministry of health) dur-certification committee. For this purpose, the country ing one of the coordination meetings held in the Min-should maintain a high level of routine immunization, istry of Health.conduct high quality immunization campaigns againstpolio and maintain a very sensitive surveillance. The joint efforts, the preparation of the polio immu- nisation rounds, the series of micro-planning work-In 2011, as part of the synchronized campaigns con- shops, trainings for the health care specialists and theducted in the Central Asian countries, Tajikistan had coordinated work of all sectors of society are key ele-successfully conducted the first round NIDs in 18-22 ments in achieving results and remaining polio free.April. All efforts were made to reach every child in the With no cure for polio, immunization with oral poliotarget group in the country during the campaign. A vaccine is the only protection against polio. Let’s deliver on our promise to every child, a promise with a pay-back for every future generation of children. 9
  10. 10. every pregNaNcy waNTed, every BirTh Safe, every NewBorN healThy Childbirth is mostly a positive experience, but in Implementation of the WHO Making Pregnan- many parts of the world, unfortunately, mothers cy Safer Programme has been contributing to a and babies still die due to preventable factors. Lack progress seen in reduction of maternal mortality of access to essential services contributes to these in Tajikistan. Thus, according to WHO/UNICEF/ deaths, as does the lack of providers’ capacity to UNFPA/WB estimates for the period from 1990 to identify and manage complications and provide rel- 2008 this indicator has decreased by 44%. So, an- evant support to women and their newborn babies. nual maternal mortality in Tajikistan declined by Moreover, such factors, as education, income, place 3,3% and in 2008 this indicator was 64 per 100000 of residency within the country, poverty, gender in- live births. In general infant mortality rate is also equalities have also influence on the negative out- declining in Tajikistan. Moreover, results of a latest comes of childbirths. assessment showed that quality of care for mothers and newborns has been significantly improved in Since 2001 the WHO Making Pregnancy Safer Pro- recent years. Examples of good care were observed, gramme has been implementing in Tajikistan as per showing that ensuring quality of medical care for Ministry of Health of Tajikistan request. The Pro- women and children is possible in spite of deficien- gramme is focusing on capacity building, implemen- cies in health systems, hospital infrastructure and tation of evidence-based norms and interventions, availability of equipment and supplies. monitoring and evaluation, building partnerships, advocacy and resource mobilization. The imple- Health of mothers and their children is a fundamen- menting activities address different factors, which tal asset to society and a pillar of health systems per- are vital for the access to skilled medical care before, formance and the WHO in partnership with national during and after pregnancy and childbirth. It targets and international partners will continue support of not only health systems and medical staff, but also activities in order to ensure the highest possible lev- communities and families. el of health for mother and newborns in Tajikistan.10
  11. 11. rehaBiliTaTioN BecomeS a focUS ofThe maiN SUcceSS iN TaJikiSTaNThe core activity of rehabilitation illustrates the sayingthat the unity all of us can have a great success! ties and short training for doctors on polio manage- ment with a focus on the recovery phase. During the visit of Dr Chapal a half-day workshop was conducted to train the doctors on management of people with polio during recovery phase especially on prevention of the deformities in polio. The doctors noticed how the training was interesting and produc- tive with the hands-on practice. “I really liked the right way of management of children with polio during the recovery phase, and in addition I have got a lot of skills, experience and knowledge out of this training!”- says Dr Khakimov Izatullo, the doctor from Gissar District Hospital. In addition the visits were made by Dr Chapal to someAn outbreak of poliomyelitis due to wild poliovirus of the families in the rural parts of districts and it wastype 1 (wP1) circulating in Uttar Pradesh, India in provided a short training for parents how to decreasemid-2009, occurred in Tajikistan beginning in early harm on their child.2010, eight years after the European Region has beencertified as free of poliomyelitis. According to the gov- “I liked the way of treating me and my child,ernment statistics 712 Acute Flaccid Paralysis cases especially in the moment, when I neededwere notified and most of them are at recovery phase, such kind of support. I think it is really goodbut some have already started showing signs of resid- idea to conduct such teaching ways for theual paralysis. All persons affected could benefit from families and their children”- mentions Gul-rehabilitation intervention such as; postural care, ruhsor, the woman living in the rural part oftherapy and splints or orthosis. Rudaki district.In the beginning of Polio outbreak by request from Moreover besides the training there was stakehold-the Ministry of Health the WHO Country office hired ers meeting for all partners and disabled societiesa consultant on rehabilitation, Dr Chapal Khasnabis in the country. Organizations like Psychologicalto carry out a Rapid Assessment Survey and map out Medical and Physical Conditions (PMPC), Handi-a plan of action for building rehabilitation capac- cap International, Association for Aid and Reliefity, together with resources requirements for people (AAR) – Japan, Disabled People’s Organization ofaffected by polio in Dushanbe and adjoining areas Tajikistan, NOIT and NOC took part in it. The meet-of Tajikistan. Meantime during the mission of Dr ing was successful due to the organizations, such asChapal Khasnabis, the Ministry of Health of Repub- Operation Mercy and Handicap International werelic of Tajikistan addressed the WHO Country office very interested in extending these practices in thewith request to train the doctors in management country and conduct the training on a regular basis,during the recovery phase. The mission consisted which is currently being organized in the Republicfrom two aspects: the rapid assessment including of Tajikistan for the medical personnel and parentsmapping and capacity assessment of existing facili- using own financial support. 11
  12. 12. For more information please contact: Mr. Bokhtar Bakozade Chairman of UN Communications Group Email: bokhtar.bakozade@undp.org Mob.: (+992) 918 188 003 UNICEF: Mr. Alexander Sodiqov Communication Officer E-mail: asodiqov@unicef.org, Mob.: (+992) 918 310057 WHO: Ms. Tahmina Alimamedova Communication Assistant E-mail: tahmina.who@tajnet.tj Mob.: (+992) 907 780119 UNFPA: Mr. Parviz BoboevProject Associate on Advocacy/Communications/Youth E-mail: parviz.bobev@undp.org UNWFP: Mr. Azam Bahorov Senior Programme Assistant E-mail: azam.bahorov@wfp.org Mob.: (+992) 919 04 41 76